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PREHISTORIC BRITAIN. THE IBERIANS Stonhenge 700 BC THE CELTS 55 BC THE ROMANS first invasion 43 BC first settlement 410 BC withdrawl. THE ANGLO SAXON.

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prehistoric britain

PREHISTORIC BRITAIN

THE IBERIANS Stonhenge

700 BC THE CELTS

55 BC THE ROMANS first invasion

43 BC first settlement

410 BC withdrawl

the anglo saxon
THE ANGLO SAXON
  • 410 AD The Romans left
  • The Celts alone

askedGermanic

Anglo-Saxonmercenaries

for help

  • 455 AD invadedEngland
where did the anglo saxons come from
Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?
  • The Anglo-Saxons left their homelands in

- northern Germany

- Denmark

- The Netherlands

and rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats to Britain.

who were the anglo saxons
Whowere the Anglo-Saxons?
  • Mixture of Germanictribes

- the ANGLES

- the SAXONS

- the JUTES

  • divided the country

in 7 Kingdoms

slide5

The Anglo-Saxonswerewarrior-farmers

  • loved fighting and were very fierce.
  • tall, fair-haired men, armed with swords and spears and round shields.
slide6

small villages

  • Anglo-Saxons houses were huts made of wood with roofs thatched with straw
  • The biggest house in an Anglo Saxon village was the Hall, the Chief's house.

He lived there with his

warriors.

old english
OLD ENGLISH
  • Union of the

Anglo-Saxonslanguages

  • Theywereilliterate
  • runicalphabet
old english german origins
OLD ENGLISH / GERMAN ORIGINS
  • The first Anglo Saxon Villages named after the Chieftain (Leader of the village).
  • These places often have the letters 'ing'of 'folk' somewhere in their name, often at the end.
  • The first part of the name was most likely to have been the name of the local chieftain.
  • The people who lived in the 'village' of Hastings were 'Haesta's people'. Haesta was the chieftain.
  • The people who lived in the 'village' of Reading were 'Redda's people'.Redda was the chieftain .
old english1
OLD ENGLISH

Influenced by Latin

AD 600 Christianization

- peoplebaptised

- churchesbuilt

the vikings ad 800
THE VIKINGS AD 800
  • The Vikings came from Scandinavia

- Denmark

- Norway

- Sweden

slide11

Sailors and raiders,

the Vikings came across

the North Sea

  • farmers, fishermen, trappers and traders. Viking craftsmen made beautiful objects out of wood, metal and bone;
  • Viking women were skilful weavers, produced fine, warm textiles.
slide12

King Alfred, Saxon king of Wessex, fought them in a great battle, but he could not drive them right away and had to let them have part of the country, called Danelaw.

  • Place names ending in –by–

by meant farm or homestead (village).

These places mark the earliest Viking settlements.

  • Derby - A village where deer are found
  • eg. Derby, Rugby, Whitby, Selby, Grimsby
aglo saxon prose and poetry
Aglo- Saxon prose and poetry
  • Oraltradition
  • Scops and Bards
  • Historicalmemorycreated by repetition
  • Writtentradition
  • Christian Scribes
  • Foundations of literature
anglo saxson poetry 4 manuscripts
Anglo SaxsonPoetry / 4 Manuscripts
  • BeowulfManuscript
  • JuniusManuscript
  • The Exeter Book
  • Vercelli Book
  • Categories

- pagan

- Christian

  • Language

- Latin

- Old English

pagan poetry
PAGAN POETRY

EPIC

ELEGY

Theme

loss

- of a lord

- of a friendship

- of a belovedone

First person narrative

Melanchonic and elegiactone

  • Reminds of pre-Christian oraltraditionas for

- metre

- themes

-

- mith / heroes

  • - struggleagainstevil
  • -dignity of sacrifice
formal elements
FormalElements
  • KENNING
  • CAESURA
  • ALLITERATION
  • Cuttingedge /sword
  • Pause in a line of poetry
  • Repetition of consonantssounds