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Introduction to the UNEP Project on Water footprint, neutrality and efficiency (WaFNE) CILCA, Coatzacoalcos, April 2011. Sonia Valdivia Guido Sonnemann Maite Aldaya Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
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Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
United Nations Environment Programme
UNEP and Thematic Priorities
Water Accounting Systems
Water Assessment in LCIA
UNEP and the thematic priorities
Harmful Substances & Hazardous Waste
Disasters & Conflicts
Resource Efficiency & SCP *
*SCP = Sustainable Consumption & Production
Reducing the environmental impact of consumption and production of goods and services over their full life cycles
(water, materials, energy, land & emissions)
By producing more wellbeing with less resource consumption, RE
enhances the means to meet human needs while respecting the ecological
carrying capacity of the Earth.
To enhance water efficiency andwater quality management through the refinement of water accounting/ footprint and water neutralitymethodologies with support of related management tools, their testing and application in
(i) high water impact and water dependent industry sectors, used by their financiers and investors in due diligence and stock picking exercises, as well as
(ii) water-stressed / scarce regions, used by public authorities in local water service and conservation operations.
Time frame: 3 years (2009/10 – 2012/13)
UNEP: UNEP SCP Branch (Paris), UNEP Finance Initiative - FI (Geneva), International Environmental Technology Centre - IETC (Osaka)
UN Global Compact – CEO Water Mandate
Business & Industry: participant companies, organizations
Relevant UN institutions, expert institutes & networks: UN-Water, Pacific Institute, Water Footprint Network and UNEP/ SETAC International Life Cycle Initiative - ILCI, Global Reporting Initiative - GRI
Country pilot tests / demonstrations
Capacity platform and awareness raising
Dialogue forums & communications
Refinement, promotion of methodologies and tools for application of water accounting/ footprint related concepts / tools
Under development: Expert groups working on a Life Cycle Impact Assessment methodology.
Under development: ISO 14046 – Water Footprint Standard under development
Available: ISO Footprint Network methodology
UNEP publication on “Corporate Water Accounting”.
Includes Water accounting methods:
WFN “Water Footprint”, LCA
WBCSD Global Water and
GEMI Water Sustainability Tools.
Pacific Institute and Institute for Environmental Research and Education
2. Guides Under development
Report Water efficiency improvement in the corporate sector in South East – Asia (Vietnam)
2. Guides Under development
UNEP report ‘Water footprint application, policy and measures at different geographic scales’
1. WF application at different geographical scales
2. Policy framework and measures
3. Framework of the WF application in geographical areas
3. Country pilot tests / demonstrations
Applying water accounting/ footprint related concepts & management tools in:
- selected industry sectors (e.g. apparel)
- financial sector
- selected geographical locations
Later in June 2011: Pilots on water efficiency in South East – Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia) – Levis, H&M, Nordica and Nike.
4. Capacity platform & awareness raising
Under development: Online capacity building platform for water accounting and management
Ongoing: Regional capacity building and training of trainers on the use of the water footprint management tools in developing countries.
Example: UNEP/SETAC Training on 7 April, CILCA
5. Dialogue Forums & communications
Ongoing: Providing input to UNEP’s Resource Panel work on water accounting and footprint
Pilot projects in water-intensive industry sectors in target countries, providing co-financing to interested companies funded by GTZ, Korean Funds, and others
Water accounting systems
Water Neutral is an awareness campaign to promote the offsetting of water used and consumed through support of water related to prevention, recycling, reuse, and efficient use and distribution of water.
Water assessment in LCA
• Development process: 2010-2012.
• Objective: develop an international standard specifying requirements and guidelines to assess and report water footprint based on life cycle assessment.
ISO (2011) ISO 14046, Water footprint – Requirements and guidelines. Available from: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso-focus-plus_index/iso-focusplus_online-bonus-articles/isofocusplus_bonus_water-footprint.htm
Morrison, J. and Schulte, P. (2010) Corporate water accounting: An analysis of methods and tools for measuring water use and its impacts. UNEP, The Global Compact CEO Water Mandate. Available from: http://www.pacinst.org/reports/corporate_water_accounting_analysis/corporate_water_accounting_analysis.pdf
UNEP DTIE (2011) Water Footprint, Neutrality and Efficiency (WaFNE) Umbrella Project. United Nations Environmental Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch. Available from: http://www.unep.fr/scp/water/WAFNE.htm
UNEP SETAC (2011) UNEP SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. Available from: http://lcinitiative.unep.fr/
WFN (2011) Water Footprint Network. Available from: http://www.waterfootprint.org
For more information:
Guido Sonnemann, PhD
Sonia Valdivia, PhD
Maite Aldaya, PhD
UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics