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Introduction to the UNEP Project on Water footprint, neutrality and efficiency (WaFNE) CILCA, Coatzacoalcos, April 2011. Sonia Valdivia Guido Sonnemann Maite Aldaya Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

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Introduction to the UNEP Project onWater footprint, neutrality and efficiency (WaFNE)CILCA, Coatzacoalcos, April 2011

Sonia Valdivia

Guido Sonnemann

Maite Aldaya

Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch

Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

United Nations Environment Programme

slide2

Agenda

UNEP and Thematic Priorities

WAFNE project

Water Accounting Systems

Water Assessment in LCIA

slide3

1

UNEP and the thematic priorities

slide4

UNEP Thematic Priorities

Climate Change

Environmental Governance

Harmful Substances & Hazardous Waste

Disasters & Conflicts

Ecosystem Management

Resource Efficiency & SCP *

*SCP = Sustainable Consumption & Production

wafne efficiency

WaFNE - Efficiency

Reducing the environmental impact of consumption and production of goods and services over their full life cycles

Economic efficiency

+

Environmental efficiency

=

Resource efficiency

(water, materials, energy, land & emissions)

 By producing more wellbeing with less resource consumption, RE

enhances the means to meet human needs while respecting the ecological

carrying capacity of the Earth.

wafne overview goal

WaFNE overview - Goal

To enhance water efficiency andwater quality management through the refinement of water accounting/ footprint and water neutralitymethodologies with support of related management tools, their testing and application in

(i) high water impact and water dependent industry sectors, used by their financiers and investors in due diligence and stock picking exercises, as well as

(ii) water-stressed / scarce regions, used by public authorities in local water service and conservation operations.

wafne outline

WaFNE outline

Time frame: 3 years (2009/10 – 2012/13)

Partners:

UNEP: UNEP SCP Branch (Paris), UNEP Finance Initiative - FI (Geneva), International Environmental Technology Centre - IETC (Osaka)

UN Global Compact – CEO Water Mandate

Business & Industry: participant companies, organizations

Relevant UN institutions, expert institutes & networks: UN-Water, Pacific Institute, Water Footprint Network and UNEP/ SETAC International Life Cycle Initiative - ILCI, Global Reporting Initiative - GRI

wafne overview outputs

WaFNE overview - Outputs

Methodologies, tools

Guidelines

Country pilot tests / demonstrations

Capacity platform and awareness raising

Dialogue forums & communications

wafne activities

WaFNE activities

Refinement, promotion of methodologies and tools for application of water accounting/ footprint related concepts / tools

Under development: Expert groups working on a Life Cycle Impact Assessment methodology.

Under development: ISO 14046 – Water Footprint Standard under development

Available: ISO Footprint Network methodology

wafne activities10

WaFNE activities

2. Guides

UNEP publication on “Corporate Water Accounting”.

Includes Water accounting methods:

WFN “Water Footprint”, LCA

WBCSD Global Water and

GEMI Water Sustainability Tools.

Authors:

Pacific Institute and Institute for Environmental Research and Education

wafne activities11

WaFNE activities

2. Guides Under development

Private sector

Report Water efficiency improvement in the corporate sector in South East – Asia (Vietnam)

wafne activities12

WaFNE – Activities

2. Guides Under development

Public sector

UNEP report ‘Water footprint application, policy and measures at different geographic scales’

1. WF application at different geographical scales

2. Policy framework and measures

3. Framework of the WF application in geographical areas

wafne activities13

WaFNE activities

3. Country pilot tests / demonstrations

Applying water accounting/ footprint related concepts & management tools in:

- selected industry sectors (e.g. apparel)

- financial sector

- selected geographical locations

Later in June 2011: Pilots on water efficiency in South East – Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia) – Levis, H&M, Nordica and Nike.

wafne activities14

WaFNE – Activities

4. Capacity platform & awareness raising

Under development: Online capacity building platform for water accounting and management

Ongoing: Regional capacity building and training of trainers on the use of the water footprint management tools in developing countries.

Example: UNEP/SETAC Training on 7 April, CILCA

wafne activities15

WaFNE – Activities

5. Dialogue Forums & communications

Ongoing: Providing input to UNEP’s Resource Panel work on water accounting and footprint

wafne next activities 2012 and on

WaFNE – Next Activities 2012 and on

Pilot projects in water-intensive industry sectors in target countries, providing co-financing to interested companies funded by GTZ, Korean Funds, and others

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2

Water accounting systems

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Water accounting systems

Production

  • Eurostat/OECD joint questionnaire
  • System of Environmental and Economic Accounting for Water (SEEA-W)
  • FAO AQUASTAT
  • Water footprint dataset

Consumption

  • Input output analysis
  • Partial and general equilibrium models
  • Process analysis (LCA, WF)
  • Water neutrality
slide19

Water neutrality

Water Neutral is an awareness campaign to promote the offsetting of water used and consumed through support of water related to prevention, recycling, reuse, and efficient use and distribution of water.

http://www.waterneutral.org/

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3

Water assessment in LCA

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ISO 14046 Water Footprint

• Development process: 2010-2012.

• Objective: develop an international standard specifying requirements and guidelines to assess and report water footprint based on life cycle assessment.

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Sources

ISO (2011) ISO 14046, Water footprint – Requirements and guidelines. Available from: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso-focus-plus_index/iso-focusplus_online-bonus-articles/isofocusplus_bonus_water-footprint.htm

Morrison, J. and Schulte, P. (2010) Corporate water accounting: An analysis of methods and tools for measuring water use and its impacts. UNEP, The Global Compact CEO Water Mandate. Available from: http://www.pacinst.org/reports/corporate_water_accounting_analysis/corporate_water_accounting_analysis.pdf

UNEP DTIE (2011) Water Footprint, Neutrality and Efficiency (WaFNE) Umbrella Project. United Nations Environmental Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, Sustainable Consumption and Production Branch. Available from: http://www.unep.fr/scp/water/WAFNE.htm

UNEP SETAC (2011) UNEP SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. Available from: http://lcinitiative.unep.fr/

WFN (2011) Water Footprint Network. Available from: http://www.waterfootprint.org

wafne project

WaFNE Project

For more information:

Guido Sonnemann, PhD

Sonia Valdivia, PhD

Maite Aldaya, PhD

SCP Branch

UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

http://www.unep.org

Email: guido.sonnemann@unep.org

sonia.valdivia@unep.org