Russian Declension and Conjugation Chapter 9: Irregularities
Neuter nouns in -я • Do you know what all these nouns mean? • There is one more we could add: дитя. Do you know how to decline it?
Neuter nouns in -я • Do you know what all these nouns mean? • There is one more we could add: дитя. Do you know how to decline it? • дитя, дитяти, дитятею
Pluralia tantum • How are they counted?
Pluralia tantum • They are counted using: одни, двое, трое, четверо • Why is it hard to predict the Gpl form?
Pluralia tantum • They are counted using: одни, двое, трое, четверо • It is hard to predict the Gpl form because we don’t know what the Nsg is (or its gender)
Declension of surnames • Do you know how to do all of these? • -ин/-ов • Adjectival • -их, -аго, -ово, -енко, -ко, -V • -C, -a
Let’s make all those plurals! • Give the plural forms for nouns on p. 142 • Note that most of the -ья plurals are for nouns that denote things that come in (often large) quantities • Note that some of these words have two semantically distinct plurals: зуб, зубы, зубья
Names for ethnic groups • Think of -анин as consisting of -ан (meaning ‘inhabitants of place X’) + -ин (meaning ‘one’) • Other examples of -ин meaning ‘one’ • штаны, штанина; горох, горошина; песок, песчина; брюки, брюквина; мак, маковина; осьмина • Npl -e, Gpl has zero ending, otherwise they are regular
Mnemonic poetry • Here’s a way to remember the four common feminine nouns in -ня that harden the Gpl: В тени этих вишен Пелись басен и песен Тысячи сотен
Summarizing… • Of irregularities affecting isolated case forms, what cases are involved? • Npl, Gpl (often for things that come in 2s or big groups), GII (mass nouns), LII