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Red Clydeside. End of the War and post war. Maclean. At the beginning of January 1918 Maclean was appointed by Lenin as the first Bolshevik consul for Scotland. Maclean suffered a good deal of harassment through police raids and interference with his postal services

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red clydeside

Red Clydeside

End of the War and post war

maclean
Maclean
  • At the beginning of January 1918 Maclean was appointed by Lenin as the first Bolshevik consul for Scotland.
  • Maclean suffered a good deal of harassment through police raids and interference with his postal services
  • Maclean kept up a steady schedule of addressing meetings in the west of Scotland attacking the war and praising the success of the Bolsheviks
  • Government tried to silence Maclean by arresting him
  • Maclean had a reputation as a trouble maker
unrest in glasgow
Unrest in Glasgow
  • Glasgow witnessed a huge May Day demonstration, attended by around 100,000 people calling for an end to the war
40 hour working week
40 hour working week
  • Growing support for a campaign to reduce the working week of 54 hours partly to create jobs for returning soldiers
  • David Lloyd George promised a ‘land fit for heroes’
  • Most soldiers became disillusioned as they still faced bad housing and unemployment
  • Soldiers and workers wanted change
slide5
CWC
  • Suggested a 30 hour working week
  • Compromised on a 40 hour working week
  • Demanded though that the unemployed must be absorbed or ‘further reduction of hours must be demanded’
  • By Jan 1919 huge support for a strike grew in the area
slide6

Monday 27/1/1919

  • All the big factories came out on strike and support grew
battle of george square
Battle of George Square
  • Workers assembled in George Square
  • Estimated 90,000 people
  • Support for the 40 hour working week campaign and better conditions
slide9

Police read the Riot Act and strike leaders were attacked

  • The reading of the Riot Act was the traditional method used by police authorities to disperse crowds of protesters.
  • Any persons left loitering with intent after the reading of the Act was liable for arrest.
government use of military
Government use of Military
  • Tanks and English soldiers were brought into Glasgow as the Government feared protests would turn into revolution
  • Feared that Scottish Soldiers would not obey orders and join the protestors
  • Running battles between police and demonstrators
  • 6 tanks were available for use stationed at the Fruit Market in Glasgow Merchant City
  • Machine gun posts were set up aswell at key points
aftermath of the battle
Aftermath of the battle
  • Within a week of the Battle of George Square, the strike was over
  • 40 hour working week was not achieved
  • Striking workers from the engineering and shipbuilding industries returned to work with an agreement for a 47 hour working week
  • Victory in the short term for the workers