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Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Geography. Why Study Geography?. http:// http:// What is Geography?.

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why study geography
Why Study Geography?

Geography- study of the earth and its features, including human life and the effects of human activity.

  • Two main types:

1) Physical Geography

2) Human Geography

physical geography
Physical Geography
  • Study of the physical features of the earth
  • Focuses on natural features
human geography
Human Geography
  • Study of human landscape, examines the relationship between humans and their environment.

How does geography (the Sahara Desert) affect the people of North Africa?

  • Where to find sources of water?
  • Cannot live permanently in the desert!
  • Transportation  no roads or highways, travel is via camel!
  • How do we make a living? What about trade?
  • What do we eat?
physical map
Physical Map
  • Shows the physical features of the Earth
    • Examples: mountains, canyons, and rivers
political map
Political Map
  • Show governmental (manmade) boundaries
    • Example: countries, states, counties, and the location

of major cities.

thematic map
Thematic Map
  • Show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.
    • Example: religions, natural resources, precipitation,

climate zones

birth rate
Birth Rate
  • The ratio of total live births to total population. It is often expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 of the population.
  • Ex. - 15,000 live births

- population of 1,000,000 people

- Divide both by 1,000, birth rate is 15 per 1,000 people

death rate
Death Rate
  • The ratio of total deaths to total population in a specified community. Expressed as the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population.
infant mortality rate
Infant Mortality Rate
  • The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year for 1,000 that are born.
  • This is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
gross domestic product gdp
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • GDP - Measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period
  • Per capita – per person
  • The position east or west of the prime meridian.
  • The position north or south of the earth's equator
First World – the highly developed industrialized nations often considered the westernized countries of the world
  • Second World – country that is more stable and more developed than a third-world country but less-stable and less-developed than a first-world country, “emerging”
  • Third World – theunderdevelopednations of the world, especially those withwidespread poverty.
first world
First World
  • Ex. U.S., England, France
second world
Second World
  • Ex. Russia, Czech Republic, Croatia, China