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Geography. SSWG4 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that have shaped contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa. a. Describe the location of major physical features and their impact on Sub-Saharan Africa. Facts . 2 nd largest continent Over 11 million sq miles

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SSWG4 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that have shaped contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa.

a. Describe the location of major physical features and their impact on Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • 2nd largest continent
  • Over 11 million sq miles
  • Over 900 million people
  • Largest city:
    • Cairo, Egypt
  • Largest country:
    • Sudan
natural wonders of africa
Natural Wonders of Africa
  • The Nile River
  • The Great Rift Valley
  • Lake Victoria
  • Victoria Falls
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro
  • Serengeti Plains
  • Table Mountain
  • The Sahara Desert
the nile river
The Nile River
  • Longest river on Earth 4,160 miles
  • Head waters: Burundi
  • Mouth: Mediterranean


  • Flows North
  • 2 main sources:

1. Blue Nile

2. White Nile

aswan high dam 1970
Aswan High Dam (1970)
  • Created 300-mile Lake Nasser to regulate the water supply along the Nile
  • Benefits

- Provides regular supply of water for farmers & holds back Nile floodwaters for irrigation

  • Egypt’s farmable land increased by 50%

(now have two or three harvests a year)

aswan high dam 19701
Aswan High Dam (1970)
  • Problems - River no longer deposits rich silt—sediment—on farmland
  • Mosquitoes thrive in Lake Nasser, spread malaria, other diseases
  • Millions of gallons of fresh water lost yearly to lake evaporation
the great rift valley
The Great Rift Valley
  • What is the Great Rift Valley?
  • A line of weakness along the African Continental Plate that is slowly tearing apart
the great rift valley1
The Great Rift Valley
  • Valley acts as a trap for water
  • Stretches 3,700 miles
  • Gulf of Aden in North
  • Mozambique
lake victoria1
Lake Victoria
  • Lies in an enormous basin
  • Between the East and Western branches of the Rift Valley
  • Largest fresh water lake in Africa
  • Source of the Nile River
victoria falls1
Victoria Falls
  • Named after Queen Victoria in 1855 by David Livingstone
  • 1st European to sight the Falls
  • Among the most spectacular falls in the world
  • 300 feet in height
  • Empties into the Zambezi River
mt kilimanjaro1
Mt. Kilimanjaro
  • Africa’s highest mountain 19,340 ft
  • Dormant volcano
  • Located in North East Tanzania
serengeti plains1
Serengeti Plains
  • Most famous for its animal migrations
  • Located in north-central Tanzania
table mountain1
Table Mountain
  • One of Africa’s most famous land marks
  • Located in Western Cape, South Africa
  • Often covered by a white mist known as a “Table Cloth”
the sahara desert1
The Sahara Desert
  • World’s largest “hot desert”
  • 3,000,000 sq miles
  • Covers North Africa from East to West
  • 3 distinct regions

1. Western Sahara

2. Central Plateau

3. Eastern Sahara

sahara desert
Sahara Desert
  • Little rain
  • Temperatures can vary from 136 degrees in the summer and freezing at night
  • Fewer than 2 million of Africa’s population live in the Sahara
  • Imagine you are a Journalist for National Geographic
  • You are to write a newspaper article about one of the places we just discussed.
  • In this article, you are to describe the location, characteristics and the surrounding countries.
  • This will be due at the

beginning of class tomorrow!

our map of africa day 2
Our Map of AfricaDay 2
  • Using the material provided, you and your group will construct a map of Africa.
  • Here is the list of geographical features that your group will map:
  • The Sahara Desert, The Nile River, Lake Victoria/Victoria Falls, Table Mountain, Serengeti Plains, The Great Rift Valley and Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • Please be neat, use the maps around

the room and be as accurate as possible.

We will continue to add to these maps as

we discover more of Africa!!