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A nalogies

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  1. Analogies

  2. What is an analogy anyway?? • They show how two words are related. • They are comparisons like similes and metaphors. • They can be stated using symbols (: or ::) or as a sentence.

  3. How do you say analogies?? • Ms. Bettarelli is to English as Mrs. Crain is to math. • Gentle is to harsh as friend is to enemy.

  4. What in the world??Using Symbols Boring : dull :: big : large Gentle : harsh :: friend : enemy

  5. Relationship #1:Synonym A means the same thing as B Cat: feline Plain: bland Car: automobile

  6. Relationship #2:Antonym A is the opposite of B Seedling: tree Open: closed Quiet: loud

  7. Relationship #3:Object to Job A completes an action with B • Lamp: light • Pencil: write • Car: drive

  8. Relationship #4:Part to Whole A is a part of B Leaf: tree Classroom: school State: country

  9. Relationship #5:Characteristics A is a description of B Banana: yellow Candy: sweet Balloon: light

  10. Relationship #6:Type/Kind A is an example of B Carrot: vegetable Lexus: car Nike: shoe

  11. Let’s look at this short video! • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/analogies/analogy-types-video/

  12. Let’s try it!

  13. Answers!!

  14. Now you fill in the blank. Big:large::little: _____ Up:down::left: _____ Window:wall:: branch: _____ Tabby: cat::tennis: _____ Writer: pen::dentist: ____ Sharpen: pencil:: tie: _____ Talk : talking::jump: _______

  15. Answers… • Small • Right • Tree • Sport • Drill • Shoe • jumping • Big:large::little: • Up:down::left: • Window:wall:: branch: • Tabby: cat::tennis: • Writer: pen::dentist: • Sharpen: pencil:: tie: • Talk:talking:: jump: