What is an analogy anyway?? • They show how two words are related. • They are comparisons like similes and metaphors. • They can be stated using symbols (: or ::) or as a sentence.
How do you say analogies?? • Ms. Bettarelli is to English as Mrs. Crain is to math. • Gentle is to harsh as friend is to enemy.
What in the world??Using Symbols Boring : dull :: big : large Gentle : harsh :: friend : enemy
Relationship #1:Synonym A means the same thing as B Cat: feline Plain: bland Car: automobile
Relationship #2:Antonym A is the opposite of B Seedling: tree Open: closed Quiet: loud
Relationship #3:Object to Job A completes an action with B • Lamp: light • Pencil: write • Car: drive
Relationship #4:Part to Whole A is a part of B Leaf: tree Classroom: school State: country
Relationship #5:Characteristics A is a description of B Banana: yellow Candy: sweet Balloon: light
Relationship #6:Type/Kind A is an example of B Carrot: vegetable Lexus: car Nike: shoe
Let’s look at this short video! • http://www.vocabulary.co.il/analogies/analogy-types-video/
Now you fill in the blank. Big:large::little: _____ Up:down::left: _____ Window:wall:: branch: _____ Tabby: cat::tennis: _____ Writer: pen::dentist: ____ Sharpen: pencil:: tie: _____ Talk : talking::jump: _______
Answers… • Small • Right • Tree • Sport • Drill • Shoe • jumping • Big:large::little: • Up:down::left: • Window:wall:: branch: • Tabby: cat::tennis: • Writer: pen::dentist: • Sharpen: pencil:: tie: • Talk:talking:: jump: