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The New Republican President. Chapter 11 section 1. Thomas Jefferson 3 rd POTUS. In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the first President to take the oath of office in Washington, D.C. First Republican President Tried to keep the government small and simple. Thomas Jefferson.

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the new republican president

The New Republican President

Chapter 11 section 1

thomas jefferson 3 rd potus
Thomas Jefferson 3rd POTUS
  • In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the first President to take the oath of office in Washington, D.C.
  • First Republican President
  • Tried to keep the government small and simple.
renaissance type man
Renaissance Type Man
  • Served as a President, Vice-President, Secretary of State, legislator, governor, and as the author and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
  • Inventor – new type of clock, the swivel chair, the dumbwaiter elevator, and a new form of plow.
  • He was also a musician, a farmer, an architect, and spoke 5 languages.
3 rd president 1801 1809
3rd President 1801-1809
  • Put Republican ideas about government to work.
    • Ended many customs of President Washington and Adams
    • Guests now shook hands with the President, instead of bowing before him.
    • Formal receptions were also replaced with informal dinners at a round table, so no person appeared superior to anyone else.
1803 marbury vs madison
1803 Marburyvs Madison
  • The Supreme court gained a new, more powerful role in the Federal government. In the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison, the court established its power of judicial review.
  • Judicial review-the power to decide whether or not an act of Congress is constitutional.
marbury vs madison
Marburyvs Madison

WILLIAM MARBURY

James Madison

1803 marbury vs madison1
1803 Marbury vs. Madison
  • Soon after taking office, Jefferson noticed that a stack for new judges had not been delivered.
  • Before Jefferson’s inauguration, President Adams appointed loyal Federalists to new judgeships.
    • Why?
  • Jefferson was outraged when he saw them and told his Secretary of State James Madison not to deliver them.
1803 marbury vs madison2
1803 Marbury vs. Madison
  • One man who did not receive his commission was William Marbury.
  • Marbury claimed that the Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the Supreme Court the power to force federal officials to perform their duties.
    • Marbury argued, the court could order Madison to give him his commission.
outcome of marbury vs madison
Outcome of Marburyvs Madison
  • In 1803, the outcome of the case of Marbury vs. Madison forever changed the relationship of the three branches of government.
  • The Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional because the Constitution did not grant such power to the Court.
  • Therefore the Supreme Court could not force Madison to give Marbury his commission.
louisiana purchase 1803
Louisiana Purchase 1803
  • In 1803, Jefferson doubled the size of the United States by buying Louisiana from France.
  • President Jefferson sent James Monroe to France. His mission was to persuade Napoleon to sell New Orleans to the United States.
    • Luckily France was on the brink of war with Great Britain.
  • Napoleon knew that he did not have a strong enough navy to protect French lands in North America.
louisiana purchase 18031
Louisiana Purchase 1803
  • Choices for Napoleon: British take the Louisiana Territory or he sells it and makes money to fight the British
  • On April 30, 1803, he signed a treaty with France in which the United States agreed to buy Louisiana from France for about $15 million dollars. (about 3 cents per acre)
  • $15 million in 1803 = about $300,000,000 today
exploration of the louisiana purchase
Exploration of the Louisiana Purchase
  • Although the Louisiana Purchase did double the size of the United States, it added 200,000 Native American, French, and Spanish inhabitants.
  • Thomas Jefferson hired Meriwhether Lewis and William Clark to explore the Louisiana Purchase and find a route to the Pacific Ocean.
lewis and clark
Lewis and Clark
  • Other information – native tribes they met (established trade with them),soil samples, terrain, and animals they encountered.
  • Lewis and Clark were joined by a guide named Toussaint Charbonneau and his 17 year old Shoshone Indian wife, Sacagawea.
    • Sacagawea had been kidnapped as a child and taken far from her mountain homeland.
    • She would serve as a guide and interpreter.
lewis and clark1
Lewis and Clark

Meriwhether Lewis

William Clark

zebulon pike
Zebulon Pike
  • In 1806, Zebulon Pike began exploring a different part of Louisiana.
  • Pike and his party pushed west across the Kansas Plains along Osage and Arkansas rivers.
  • Upon reaching the Colorado Rockies, Pike caught a sight of the “Grand Peak”, now named “Pike’s Peak”.
  • The party got lost and wandered south into present day New Mexico.
    • Spanish soldiers arrested them as spies and took them deep into Mexico. They were held captive until the spring of 1807.