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The Republican Betrayal. The role of presidential power in challenging republican convictions. I. American Expansion. A. Population Growth. Between 1800-1810, the population of the country increased by 2 million 84% of the population were farmers

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the republican betrayal

The Republican Betrayal

The role of presidential power in challenging republican convictions

a population growth
A. Population Growth
  • Between 1800-1810, the population of the country increased by 2 million
  • 84% of the population were farmers
  • Sectionalism was a growing reality both north and south
b growth in the west
B. Growth in the West
  • There was much movement west—by 1840, one-third of the US population lived across the Appalachian Mountains
  • By 1820, 10 new states were added and several territories were organized
b growth in the west cont
B. Growth in the West (cont)
  • Key to the growth was water transportation
  • The culture of the west

--Daniel Boone

--Mike Fink

  • Continuing problems with Indians

--Tecumseh and the Prophet

c commercial expansion
C. Commercial Expansion
  • Cotton exports doubled between 1790-1810
  • The importance of the New England merchant marine

--The Barbary Pirates

  • Combination of cotton exports and carrying trade produced a 500% increase in net American profits between 1793-1807
c commercial expansion7
C. Commercial Expansion
  • Most urban professions were related to shipping and cities were relatively isolated
  • The carrying trade discouraged industrialization
  • Fulton’s steamboat on the Hudson River (1807)
ii the presidency of thomas jefferson 1801 1809
II. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)
  • Little pretense and a lack of personal charisma
  • Selected only loyal cabinet officers
  • Washington, D.C. as a “frontier”-type town
a achievements
A. Achievements
  • Did not exercise a veto in 8 years
  • Reduced the national debt--$83 million in 1801 to $45 million in 1808
  • Establishment of West Point in 1802
a achievements cont
A. Achievements (cont)
  • Contributes to the decline of the Federalist Party

--Removed only 109 of 433 Adams’ appointees in 1801

  • The Louisiana Purchase (1803)

--Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1805)

--Sacajawea

b failures
B. Failures
  • Attack on the Judiciary

--Marbury v. Madison (1803)

--First national example of “judicial review”

--John Pickering and Samuel Chase

  • Republican party disunity
  • Tertium Quids: “A Third Something”

--John Taylor and John Randolph

b failures cont
B. Failures (cont)
  • Problems with Aaron Burr

--Secession attempts in New York and the West

--Found innocent of treason

  • The divisive issue of slavery
  • Growing Tension with the British

--The Embargo of 1807

  • Embargo contributes to American industrialization
iii questions historians ask about war
III. Questions Historians Ask About War
  • What are the origins or causes of a war?
  • Where and how was the war fought?
  • What were the results or consequences of the war?
  • What impact did the war have on the home front(s)?
iv the war of 1812
IV. The War of 1812
  • Growing problems with British

--Interference with American Shipping (Impressment)

--Stirring up Indians: Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)

--Defense of National Honor

--land hunger for Canada

--Spain as refuge for escaped slaves

a where and how the war was fought
A. Where and How the War was Fought
  • War of 1812 = “unrepublican” action
  • Lack of American preparedness for the War
  • American strategy in the War
  • Andrew Jackson’s attack on Florida
  • Naval Battles on the Great Lakes

--Oliver Perry and the Battle of Put-in-Bay

a where and how the war was fought cont
A. Where and How the War was Fought (cont)
  • Burning of Washington, D.C.
  • The Siege of Fort McHenry (Baltimore)
  • The War of 1812 was a very strange war

--War begins just when relations improve with the British

  • The Battle of New Orleans (January, 1815)
b results and consequences of the war of 1812
B. Results and Consequences of the War of 1812
  • Treaty of Ghent (December 24, 1814)

--Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams

--status quo antebellum

  • The war bolstered American nationalism
  • The war created a new generation of political leaders: Clay, Calhoun, Webster, Jackson
b results of the war cont
B. Results of the War (cont)
  • The war encouraged US manufacturing
  • The war sends the Federalist Party into extinction

--The Hartford Convention (late 1814)

--Note reversals of roles: Federalists want states rights and Republicans want more national power