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Ancient China Unit 5 – Ancient China 6th Grade Social Studies
Dragons • In ancient China dragons were friendly beasts that brought good luck • Dragon gods were believed to be responsible for the rains that made the fields fertile • Dragons were also used to show the importance of rivers and often referred to the rivers as dragons. • Dragon body = main river • Dragon limbs = smaller streams • Dragon mouth = river delta where the river flowed into the sea • Chinese Dragons
Geographic Setting • Mountains and seas separated China from other lands • Surrounded by Yellow Sea, East China Sea, and South China Sea • Believed they lived at the center of the world • The 1st Chinese civilization began along the Yellow (Huang) River. • Believe the 1st farming started as early as 5000 B.C. • Civilization then moved south to the Yangtze River. • Barriers • Civilizations
Geographic Setting • Located in East Asia • Huang (Yellow) River • Second largest river in China • Muddiest river • Contains loess – yellow/brown soil • China’s Sorrow because of floods • Chang Jiang (Yangtze) river. • 1st longest river in Asia – 3rd longest in the world. • Generates 20% of China’s GDP “Gross Domestic Product” • Created dikes (protective wall that holds back water) to control flooding of rivers • Climate
The Nile River, Egypt Huang He River, China
Early Civilizations • The Shang Dynasty • 1st civilization in China • 1760 B.C. • Built China’s 1st cities • Created China’s 1st writing system • The Zhou Dynasty • Conquered the Shang about 1122 B.C. • Justified the change in power by the Mandate of Heaven • Ruled China for nearly 1,000 years • Start of the Warring States = small kingdoms fighting for control of China. • Dynasty
Chinese Writing Ancient Writing Modern Writing Chinese Writing
Early civilizations • The Mandate of Heaven • The Chinese believed that rulers came to power because it was their destiny or fate to be the next ruler of China. • Mandate = an authoritative command, order , or law. • Gave father the authority over his family • Mandate of Heaven
Lesson Activity • Using your notes, answer the following questions in a separate sheet of loose-leaf lines paper. • 1. Describe the Mandate of Heaven? How does the mandate of Heaven compare to how we select our leader today in the U.S.?
ACAPS – Author, Context, Audience, Purpose, Significance. • Name 3 key words that stand out to you in this quote. • Who is the author of this quote? • What book is this quote taken from? • What do you think is the meaning of this quote?
Importance of Family • Chinese Families • The family was the center of early Chinese society. • The Chinese lives with their extended family (closely related members of a family). • As many as 5 generations of family lived in the same household or village. • Who’s the Boss? • The status of a family member depended on age & gender. • All members of the family obeyed the oldest male. • Arranged marriage between the ages of 13 and 16. • After the oldest male died, by tradition all his lands were divided among his sons, then each son started his own family. • Traditional Families
Importance of Family • Women were considered to be of lower social status than men. • 3 Obedience's: • Obey their fathers in youth • Obey their husbands in marriage • Obey their sons in widowhood • 4 Virtues: > Guided Women’s Behavior in Chinese Culture • Morality • Modesty • Proper speech • Domestic skills • When a woman married, she left her household and became part of her husband’s family. • Women’s Role
Importance of Family • Family Names • In the 300’s B.C., the Chinese began using inherited family names along with a personal name. • The inherited name was passed down from father to child. • In Chinese society, the family names comes 1st. • The Chinese commonly address each other with full names. • Example: Yao Ming • Yao – family name • Ming – personal name • Mr. Yao • What would your name be in the Chinese Culture? • The practice of using family names first shows the importance of family in the Chinese culture. • Family names
Lesson Activity • Using your notes, answer the following questions in a separate sheet of loose-leaf lines paper. • 1. Describe in detail the family life in Ancient China. • 2. What are the 3 Obedience's that women had to follow in Ancient China? • 3. What are the 4 Virtues that guided women’s behavior in Ancient China? • 4. Describe the difference in the family names of people in Ancient China versus in the U.S.