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EU Policy on ODS and F-Gases in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector. Peter Horrocks European Commission, DG ENV Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 28 February 2007. Discussion of . Controls on HCFCs in EU Controls on F-Gases in EU Impact on Refrigeration and Air conditioning sectors

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eu policy on ods and f gases in the refrigeration and air conditioning sector
EU Policy onODS and F-Gases in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector

Peter Horrocks

European Commission, DG ENV

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 28 February 2007

discussion of
Discussion of ...
  • Controls on HCFCs in EU
  • Controls on F-Gases in EU
  • Impact on Refrigeration and Air conditioning sectors
  • Conclusions
refrigeration and air conditioning sectors
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sectors
  • Covers many sectors – ie. domestic, commercial, industrial, processing sectors
  • Many actors involved in production of equipment and gases, installation, servicing and maintenance and recovery
  • Employs a significant percentage of work force
  • Technology and regulation important driving forces
ec legislation on ozone depleting substances
EC Legislation on ozone depleting substances
  • Regulation (EC) 2037/2000 on ozone depleting substances, as amended, controls the production, importation, exportation, placing on the market, use, recovery, recycling, reclamation and destruction of all ODS including HCFC 22
  • Commission Decision 2005/134/EC determines the mechanism for the allocation of quotas to producers and importers of HCFCs from 2003 to 2009
hcfc placing on the market production controls
HCFC Placing on the Market & Production Controls

Current production of HCFCs can only be equal or less than 1997 production. Then intermediate phase- out steps with no production after 31.12.2025

Currently placing on the market 30% of 2001 baseline with no placing on the market of HCFCs in EU after 31.12.2009

hcfc production controls review
HCFC Production Controls: Review
  • The Commission reviewed in 2003 whether:

- a cut ahead of 2008 should be proposed

- changes to the production cuts post 2008 should be proposed

  • It concluded that current EC production and consumption controls were appropriate and no further adjustments are currently required
hcfc use controls refrigerants
HCFC use controls: refrigerants
  • Refrigeration, AC and Heat pumps in general - 1 Jan 2001
  • Fixed AC < 100kW - 1 July 2002
  • Reversible AC/Heat Pumps - 1 Jan 2004
  • Servicing existing systems - virgin HCFCs - 1 Jan 2010
  • Servicing existing systems - all HCFCs 1 Jan 2015
  • Review of use of HCFCs in refrigeration - by end 2008
hcfc use controls exemptions review
HCFC use controls: exemptions & review
  • Mechanism for granting time-limited exemptions where it can be demonstrated that technically and feasible alternatives do not exist
  • Few granted, mainly medical, solvent applications
  • Provision for the Commission to review a few permitted uses and proposed changes
hcfc controls imports exports
HCFC controls:imports & exports
  • Imports of HCFCs subject to limits
  • All imports are licensed by Commission
  • Imports of products and equipment containing HCFCs prohibited - unless produced before use ban
  • HCFC exports permitted (except non-Party states)
  • All export are authorised by Commission
  • Exports of HCFC equipment and products permitted (but use of HCFCs banned for such exports on 31 Dec 2009)
hcfc controls monitoring emission control end of life
HCFC controls monitoring, emission control & end of life
  • Data reporting by producers, importers and exporters
  • Annual checks for leaks
  • Mandatory recovery of used HCFC from certain equipment
  • Recovery if practicable from other products
  • Recovered HCFC to be recycled or destroyed
  • Mandatory training of persons handling HCFCs
f gases regulation and mac directive
F-Gases Regulation and MAC Directive

One proposal but two elements, both entered into force 4.07.2006

  • Regulation (EC) 842/2006 for containment and recovery, use bans and prohibitions – applies 4.07.2007
  • Directive 2006/40/EC for phase out of HFCs > 150 GWP in mobile air-conditioning systems in motor vehicles – applies from 5.01.2008
drivers f gases legislation
Drivers F-Gases Legislation
  • EU obligations under Kyoto Protocol
  • Emissions of F-Gases increasing strongly under BAU
  • Member States adopting own legislation
  • Agreement amongst stakeholders that regulatory action appropriate
main elements of regulation
Main elements of Regulation
  • Scope
  • Containment and recovery measures

3. Training and Certification

4. Data reporting requirements

5. Labelling provisions

  • Marketing prohibitions and use restrictions
  • MS may retain stricter national marketing restrictions existing on 31.12.05 for four years after entry into force
  • Review on effectiveness in 2011
scope of regulation
Scope of Regulation

It covers:

  • Fluorinated greenhouse gases in Kyoto Protocol – HFCs, PFCs and SF6
  • Applies to fluorinated gases listed in Annex I together with respective GWPs
  • GWPs based on third assessment of IPCC
  • Annex I can be reviewed and updated in the light revisions under Kyoto Protocol (Article5(3))
  • Preparations containing fluorinated greenhouse gases with a GWP< 150 not covered by provisions of the Regulation
containment
Containment
  • Applies to stationary applications in Article 3
  • Obligation to minimise leakages and repair as soon as possible
  • Frequency of inspection schedule
  • Checking for leaks by certified personnel
  • Leakage detectors defined, mandatory for applications > 300kg but fire protection systems have four years grace
  • Operator defined, owner can be responsible for operator’s role
  • Checking for leakage defined
  • Maintenance of records on inspections and servicing companies and personnel
  • Commission to define standard inspection requirements and direct and indirect measuring methods of leakage detection in Committee
  • ISO 14520 standard for fire protection units can meet inspection standard
recovery
Recovery
  • Recovery an obligation for operators by certified personnel for refrigeration/ac/equipment containing F-gases based solvents fire protection systems and fire extinguishers and high voltage switchgear
  • Recovery obligatory from refillable and non-refillable containers at end of life
  • Recovery in other products and equipment if technically possible and not disproportionate cost (e.g. foams, mobile air conditioning and refrigeration equipment except if serving military operations and mobile air conditioning)
  • Recovery to take place before final disposal or during servicing and maintenance
  • MS to facilitate cross-border shipment of recovered F-gases
training and certification
Training and Certification
  • Commission to establish minimum requirements and mutual recognition for personnel involved in installation maintenance or servicing with respect to refrigeration, air-conditioning and fire protection also for recovery, including mobile refrigeration and a/c, F-gases containers and high-voltage switchgear
  • Member States to establish or adjust their programmes to comply and notify Commission
  • Commission to establish notification format
  • Training and certification covers relevant personnel and companies and their relevant personnel
  • Operators have an obligation to ensure personnel used are trained and certified
  • Only certified personnel to take delivery of fluorinated ghg
labelling
Labelling
  • Labelling applies to certain products and equipment containing fluorinated greenhouse gases – chemical name, using accepted industry nomenclature and indication it contains fluorinated greenhouse gases
  • Applies, inter alia, to refrigeration equipment containing PFCs; refrigeration/air-conditioning/ fire protection systems and extinguishers containing HFCs and swichgear containing SF6
  • Information required in instruction manual
  • Commission with the committee shall establish the format of the label
  • Commission to examine possibility 2 years after entry into force of adding additional environmental information, incl GWP, to label
review refrigeration
Review - Refrigeration
  • Review of refrigeration systems in modes of transport and air conditioning systems other than those in motor vehicles
  • Assess effectiveness of containment measures and see if maximum leakage rates possible
  • Evaluate training and certification programmes in MS
  • Review reporting requirements
  • Assess need for European standards for controlling emissions of fluorinated ghg
  • Evaluate effectiveness of containment measures
  • State of technology review and best available techniques and environmental practices
  • Assess whether other products and equipment can be included in Annex II - prohibitions
some issues for refrigeration and air conditioning
Some Issues for Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  • Operator
  • Checking
  • Non-refillable containers
  • Log Books
  • Labelling
estimated effects of regulation and directive
Estimated Effects of Regulation and Directive
  • Applies to 27 Member States – nearly ½ billion people
  • Emission reduction around 21 Mtonnes of CO2 eq by 2012

- 15 Mtonnes of Co2 eq: containment

- 6 Mtonnes of CO2 eq: prohibitions and use bans

  • 2020 around 40-50 Mtonnes of CO2 eq per annum with full benefits of phase out of HFC 134a in MACs
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Contributes to meeting Kyoto objectives
  • Focus on containment and recovery in Regulation and phase-out in Directive
  • A challenging Regulation to implement
  • Requires the commitment of all actors
  • Cooperation between relevant actors and authorities at each level is essential
  • First step in regulating emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases
further information
Further information
  • Commission Communication 2001

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/com/pdf/2001/com2001_0580en01.pdf

  • Report of working group

http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/chemicals/sustdev/fluorgases/gas1.pdf

  • Industrial Emissions Unit web-site

http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/climat/eccpl.htm#fluorinatedgases

Contact

peter.horrocks@cec.eu.int