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Photographic Composition . Part Two. For audio, click the speaker icon on each slide. . Remember, a good composition is a pleasing arrangement of the elements in the photograph. A photographer needs to be able to see what the camera sees and use it in a creative way.

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photographic composition

Photographic Composition

Part Two

For audio, click the speaker icon on each slide.

slide2

Remember, a good

composition is a pleasing

arrangement of the elements

in the photograph.

  • A photographer needs to be able

to see what the camera sees and use it

in a creative way.

  • A photographer arranges the elements

in the scene so the photo is interesting

enough to catch the viewer’s attention

and make a statement.

slide3
Balance

The photographer arranges shapes, colors, and areas of lights and darks in such a way that they appear balanced. (Symmetrical and Asymmetrical balance)

here are two good examples of arranging the people or elements of your photo in a much better way
Here are two good examples of arranging the people, or elements, of your photo in a much better way.
is this photograph balanced click on the best answer
Is this photograph balanced?Click on the best answer.

This is a great photo and is balanced properly.

The photo is not balanced since it is all on the left side. It makes the viewer feel uneasy.

slide10
This photograph is not balanced. The bench is on the left side with nothing on the right side to balance it out. The photograph could be improved by placing another object in the frame on the right side or by moving the bench more to the right.
slide11

What type of balance are these photos?

Click on each photo to check yourself.

slide12
Did you say symmetrical or formal balance?If so, you were correct.(Remember, symmetrical is with identical halves.)
slide13

Did you say asymmetrical or informal balance?If so, you were correct. (Remember, asymmetrical or informal balance is when the photo is visually balanced.)

slide14

FramingFraming adds depth to a photo by having an object in the foreground. Commonly used framing techniques include shooting a tree or limb, a window, a trellis, or archway.

slide15

Choose your foreground in a creative way. Just think of anything you can look through.

  • Remember the depth of field. Do you want the foreground area in focus or blurred? If you want the foreground in focus, use a small aperture.

If you want only the subject in focus, use a large aperture.

  • Keep the lighting on the main subject. Try to choose a foreground frame that is darker than the background.
slide17

This is a good example of framing. The foreground is darker. The cannon leads you visually out to the bridge.

What is the focal point? It is not clear.

slide18
Lighting

As a photographer, you have to determine the direction of the light as well as the quantity and quality of the light coming in.

slide19

Outside shooting

  • Daylight changes constantly and alters shapes, colors, tones, and forms in a scene.
  • Avoid strong sunlight at noon. Strong sunlight produces dark, well-defined shadows and brilliant highlights but makes weak colors even more pale.
  • Diffused lighting, or reflected light, is softer. It produces weak and soft shadows with dull highlights. This is referred to as “flat” lighting because it tends to flatten the form even though it shows fine detail.
side lighting
Side Lighting
  • A more interesting effect in lighting is to change your angle so the light is coming from the side.
  • You may have to turn your subject, change your viewpoint, or wait for the sun to move.
  • Side Lighting is great for showing textures.

Side lighting is best to use in black and white photography because of the gray tones and shadows.

backlighting
Backlighting
  • When the sun is in front and coming directly into the camera, this is backlighting the subject. It can be very good for outdoor photos with people in them. It provides a silhouette effect.
  • You might have to use a reflector or fill-in flash to lighten up dark shadows and improve detail.
artificial lighting
Artificial Lighting
  • Fluorescent lights used indoors usually appear pleasing and natural except the colors can change and appear unnatural.
  • Fluorescent lights emit blue and green light which omits reds, making everything have a greenish look.
  • This type of lighting makes it easy to get enough light to shoot as existing photography.
  • People are not good to shoot in fluorescent lighting as it shows dark shadows under their eyes.
slide25

Now you are ready to check your knowledge of what technique is used in each of the following photographs.Choose from the following list:Artificial lightSide lightingBacklightingSymmetrical BalanceAsymmetrical BalanceFramingClick on each photo to check your answer.

slide29
Now you are ready to shoot great photos using balance, framing, and lighting techniques such as side lighting and backlighting.
resources
Resources
  • www.kodak.com
  • www.digital –photography-school.com
  • http://photoinf.com

Images:

Slides 4, 5, 7, 8 – www.kodak.com

Slides 14 and 16 - framing

http://www.scrapjazz.com/topics/Photography/Lessons/579.php

Slide 23 - squirrel - http://rockery.aviary.com

Slide 23 – beach – www.fototime.com/ftweb/bin/ft

slide31
Did you say symmetrical or formal balance?If so, you were correct.(Remember, symmetrical is with identical halves.)
slide32
Did you say symmetrical or formal balance?If so, you were correct.(Remember, symmetrical is with identical halves.)
slide33

Did you say asymmetrical or informal balance?If so, you were correct. (Remember, asymmetrical or informal balance is when the photo is visually balanced.)