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PARTS of SPEECH. Grammar Unit 1. noun. verb. gerund. inifinitive. adjective. adverb. pronoun. preposition. conjunction. interjection. Noun. Nouns Exist Person boy Place beach Thing pail. Noun. A noun or The noun Person The boy Place A beach Thing An orange.

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parts of speech

PARTS of SPEECH

Grammar Unit 1

noun

verb

gerund

inifinitive

adjective

adverb

pronoun

preposition

conjunction

interjection

slide2
Noun
  • Nouns Exist
    • Person
      • boy
    • Place
      • beach
    • Thing
      • pail
slide3
Noun
  • A noun or The noun
    • Person
      • The boy
    • Place
      • A beach
    • Thing
      • An orange
slide4
Noun
  • Nouns can often be Counted
    • Oneboy
    • Two grandmas
    • Sevenseas
    • Twelvemonths
    • A dozen oranges
    • 24 hours
slide5
Noun
  • Person: Proper or Common noun
    • Carlotta, Mrs. Brooks, Dr. Jong …
      • Dr. Jong practices acupuncture.

(capitalize proper nouns)

    • the doctor, the girlfriend, my mother …
      • I had an appointment with my doctor.
slide6
Noun
  • Place: Proper or Common
    • Hopkins High School, the Royals …
      • Hopkins High School is a school of excellence.
    • (capitalize proper nouns)
    • the high school, a store, my soda…
      • I love this high school.
slide7
Noun
  • Thing: Objector Idea
    • table, window, figurine, storm …
      • The table broke.
    • wealth, love, indignation, personality, fairness, unity, commitment …
      • She accumulated a great deal of wealth.
      • The group’s unity was obvious.

(Can you put it in your pocket?)

slide8
Linking Verbs

Subject is described by a noun or adjective

Verb
  • Grandmaiswealthy.
  • They are singers.
  • She was a lawyer.
  • They were late.
  • He will befamous.
  • I am a generous person.
  • Bingo has beensick.

Subject = Noun or Adj

IS

ARE

WAS

WERE

BE

AM

BEEN

slide9
Linking Verbs

Be and Been need additional linking verbs

Verb

Subject = Noun or Adj

HAS

HAVE

HAD

  • He will befamous.
  • He could befamous.
  • Bingo has beensick.
  • Bingo had beensick.

WOULD

SHOULD

COULD

MIGHT

WILL

SHALL

CAN

MAY

  • He might have been famous.
  • He has had lots of fame.
  • Bingo maybe sick.
  • Bingo should have been sick.
slide10
Action Verbs

The subject is doing something

Verb
  • I run.
  • Mina runs.
  • Juan ran.
  • The track star is running.
  • The leopard has run a mile.
  • Bingo had been running.
  • They will run.
  • He would haverun.
gerund
Gerund
  • A kind of Noun
    • Verb + ing = Gerund
      • replace with “this activity”
        • Abdi and Beth love running.
        • Everyone should try reading for pleasure.
      • put a possessive noun in front
        • Ms. Gotschell’s teaching should improve each year.
        • Deeply Royal’s dancing was outstanding at the pep fest.
gerund or verb
Gerund or Verb?
  • Be careful!
    • Verb + ing = Verb
      • I am break dancing.

(I amdoingsomething.)

    • Verb + ing = Gerund
      • I enjoy break dancing.

(an activity – a noun – a thing).

adjective
Adjective
  • Tells more about Nouns
    • Ask:
      • What kind of noun?
        • gentle bear
        • mother bear
      • What color noun?
        • white bear
        • brown bear
  • How many nouns?
      • onebear
      • seven bears
      • sixty bears
      • 200 bears
adverb
Adverb
  • Tells more about Verbs
    • Ask:
      • Howdid it verb?
        • News travelsfast.
        • The report wentbeautifully.
      • Whendid it verb?
        • They performedyesterday.
        • Their costume change happenedquickly.
  • Where did it verb?
  • She practicedanywhere.
  • The drummer liveslocally.
adverb1
Adverb
  • Tells more about Adverbs
    • Ask:
      • How adverbwas it?
        • The turtle moved tooslowly.
        • The the rabbit ran sogracefully.
        • My first day went quitewell.
        • The group played veryloudly.
adverb2
Adverb
  • Tells more about Adjectives
    • Ask:
      • How adjectivewas it?
        • The race was veryexciting.
        • The paintings are sobeautiful.
        • The star is quitebright.
        • The band was incrediblyloud.
pro noun
Personal Pronouns

Basic List

He

She

It

I

You

We

They

Pronoun
  • Other Pronouns
    • Him, his, himself
    • Her, hers, herself
    • Its, itself
    • Me, mine, myself
    • Your, yours, yourself
    • Us, our, ourselves
    • Them, their, theirs, themselves
pro noun1

?

Indefinite Pronouns

Ask:

Who? (but we won’t know for sure)

Basic List

Someone

Everyone

Anyone

Noone

Pronoun

?

?

  • Other Suffixes
    • -body
    • -place
    • -where
    • -thing
    • -time

Ask

Who

What

Where

preposition
Preposition
  • Askwhere?
  • on
  • under
  • through
  • beside
  • around
  • near
  • to
  • next to
  • around
  • inside of
  • against
  • between
  • up
  • down
  • aboard
  • across
  • along
  • beyond
  • toward
  • within
  • out of
preposition1
Preposition
  • Ask when?
  • before
  • after
  • until
  • since
  • during
  • at
  • around
preposition2
Preposition
  • Ask what is the relationship?
  • by
  • for
  • to
  • with
  • about
  • because of
prepositional phrase
Prepositional Phrase
  • Preposition+ Noun
  • on the log
  • through the woods
  • after the storm
  • during dinner
  • by the author
  • with my mom
infinitive
Infinitive
  • A kind of Verb Phrase
    • To + Verb = Infinitive
      • Put “I like” in front
        • I like to run.
        • I like to write letters.
        • I like to read.
        • I like to sing.
prepositional phrase or infinitive
Prepositional Phrase or Infinitive?
  • Be careful!
    • To + verb = Infinitive
      • to write
    • To + noun = Prepositional Phrase
      • I gave the letter to Mom.
      • Frodo is coming to my house.
      • Harry was stuck to the wall.
conjunction
Coordinating Conjunctions

Connect two or more sentences

Must use a comma

Must have two subjects on either side

The wind blew, andmy scarf flew away.

Either you can catch it, or you can buy a new one.

We were late, but they let us in anyway.

Conjunction
conjunction1
Conjunction
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
    • Fragment, but has subject & verb
    • Begins a Dependent Clause
    • NeedsIndependent Clause
      • I was sad because the car ran over her.
      • Take me with you if you go to see how she’s doing.
      • Whenever I think of Lassie, I cry.
interjection
Interjection
  • Show reaction or emotion
  • Not necessary to the sentence
  • An alternative to swearing
    • Ouch! That hurt!
    • You did not! No way!
    • Heck, I made the shot!

Cool!

the end

THE END

Grammar Unit 1

noun

verb

gerund

inifinitive

adjective

adverb

pronoun

preposition

conjunction

interjection

ad