An Urban Territory: The Metropolis A Metropolis and Its Issues Chapter 1 Pages 14 - 48
Terms to Know and Define • 1. URBAN • 2. METROPOLIS • 3. MULTI-ETHNICITY • 4. HOUSING CRISIS • 5. TERRITORY • 6. SUBURB • 7. POPULATION • 8. MIGRATE • 9. CONCENTRATION • 10. IMMIGRANT • 11. DOWNTOWN • 12. SMOG • 13. CONSUMPTION • 14. DISEASE • 15. CITY • 16. INFRASTRUCTURE • 17. URBAN SPRAWL
*Notes* Page 17 • Question D Where is the GMA located in relation to Quebec as a whole? How is this an advantage? • Answer D The GMA is located in southern Quebec and Montreal is also close to the St. Lawrence River & the USA. Some advantages are: - money from tourism (USA) - convenient for ships to come into the ports (trading / economy / jobs) - Climate is _____________
Question E) What characteristics of the GMA territory have been favourable to its development? • Answer E) - We live near different bodies of water. - We have fertile soil and a flat landscape. - We also have a favourable climate for agriculture.
*Notes* Page 17 … continued Question F/G) - What is urban sprawl, and how has this occurred in the GMA area over the past 50 years? Answer - Urban Sprawl is the expansion of the city into the suburbs. In the past 50 years, Montreal has spread into Laval and the South shore.
Page 18-19 (What do you think?) Question How many people live in the Greater Montreal Area? Answer 3.5 million people live in the GMA …(2013 = 3.8 million) Question What are the characteristics of this population? Answer Other than French (56%) and English (26%), the most common people who live here are Italian, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic. (Multi-Ethnic)
Homework • Write down how to say “Hello. How are you?” in your mother tongue. / language of choice
Have a look at map # 6! • Now look at the next slide!
What observations can you make about this population density map?(write your observations in your notebook)
Page 21 #B • Question B In the Greater Montreal Area, where are the industrial areas concentrated? • Answer B The Industrial areas are mostly near Lake St. Louis, a.k.a. near highways, tunnels, some are near water, near residential areas, near shopping, near suburbs. • Question B What about the commercial & residential areas? • Answer B - The commercial areas are mostly near the St. Lawrence River a.k.a. also near homes and the center of Montreal (Downtown). - The residential areas are all over the GMA.
Let’s Read Pages 22-28! As we read and discuss, I would like you to write down: • TWO interesting facts for Drawing Power(pgs. 22-25) • TWO interesting facts for A Metropolis With International Influence(pgs. 26-28) • Make sure to TITLE your facts: “Drawing Power”: Pgs.22-25 “A Metropolis with International Influence”: Pgs. 26-28
Page 22-25: Interesting Facts! Drawing Power (pgs 22-25) • 1) There are over 50 libraries in Montreal • 2) There are over 120 religious facilities in Mtl • 3) About 9 000 000 people travel through Trudeau Airport each year • 4) There are approximately 20 hospitals in Mtl.
Page 26-28: Interesting Facts!A Metropolis With International Influence • 1) Our PORT is the largest in N.A. • 2)Montreal has over 70 international organizations (Example: UNESCO) • 3) Montreal has 2 international Airports • 4) Many international companies come from close by (Example: USA = 53% of international business)
Homework (Due Tuesday, Oct. 15th) • Read pages 30 – 33 • Answer questions A + B (found on pg. 33) • Read pages 34 – 35 • Answer questions A + B
Instructions: 1 – Date your page 2 – LabelQuestions and Answers 3 – Includes Titles (underline) 4 – Copy questions carefully, skip a line, & write down the answer 5 – Leave space in between questions for corrections 6 – Write answers neatly in PENCIL
Issue #1: Getting around in MontrealPage 32-33 • Question A Why are there traffic trouble spots in certain places in the GMA? Where are these trouble spots? • Answer A There are traffic trouble spots in certain places in the GMA because in Mtl. a lot of people use cars and they need to get to different spots at the same time. The trouble spots are mostly located in the urban areas (bridges, near schools, hospitals, highways, etc)
Issue #1: Getting around in MontrealPage 32-33 (continued) • Question B Among the causes mentioned, which are particular to certain days or times? Which are constant? • Answer B There is constant traffic during rush hour, summer = construction, severe weather = snow removal, July 1st = moving day, holidays = shopping, visiting family, etc.
Solutions to the problem of getting aroundPages 34 +35 Question A Which modes of transportation, besides cars, are available to residents of the island of Montreal? Northern and Southern rings? Answer A Besides cars you can use public transportation, such as the metro, buses, commuter train = AMT, Bixi bikes, taxis, etc.
Solutions to the problem of getting aroundPages 34 +35 (continued) Question B In your opinion, why is public transit used more on the island of Montreal than elsewhere in the GMA? Answer B There is more service in the heart of Montreal compared to the other parts of the GMA because … (ANSWERS WILL VARY)
Other Modes of Transportation • What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of the modes of transportation used in Montreal? • Make A Chart!!!
Let’s read pages 36-37 together! I need 5 readers! HOMEWORK (DUE WEDNESDAY) 1) Finish TRANSPORTATION chart! ------------------------------------------------ 2) Pg. 38 (white bubble on left). Try to answer the question: What problems will this family face in its search for housing? Why?
Question What problems will this family face in its search for housing? Why? • Answer The problems this family will face: 1) Finding a house they can afford 2) Finding a place big enough 3) Finding a place where heat & electricity are including. 4) No $ for extra events, expenses, etc... 5) Rent increases will be bad
Amenities • Any feature that provides comfort & convenience. • Microwave, Washing Machine, Stove, Fridge, Dryer, Pool
Understanding Apartment Sizes in Montreal • a 3½ = is a 1-bedroom apartment • a 4½ = is a 2-bedroom apartment • a 5½* = is a 3-bedroom apartment How does it work?
Issue #2: Finding Housing in MontrealPages 38 - 43 • (Page 39) Question A What observations can you make by comparing the costs of housing units in different parts of Montreal? What are the impacts of these costs? • Answer A Most of the time it costs more to live in the heart of Montreal than the northern & southern rings. The closer you are to resources (metro, buses, banks, grocery stores, etc.) the higher the rent. The impact is that families move off-island. This increases traffic. More schools need to be created off-island (this affects Mtl. schools!)
Issue #2: Finding Housing in Montreal (continued) • (Page 39) Question B Why do many tenants in the city of Montreal have trouble finding housing at a cost within their budget? • Answer B 1.It costs more to live in the big city. 2. Big families need a lot of space and in Montreal, spacious apartments/houses = (expensive). 3. There isn't enough cheap housing for low- income families. 4. Mtl = big city = LOTS of ppl. want to live here!
Issue #2: Access to Housing Pages 40 - 41 • (Page 41) Question B Why do some people have trouble finding housing in Montreal? • Answer B 1. Prices have increased considerably (Over 66% of tenants in Mtl. use over 50% of their paycheck to pay rent) 2. There is very little housing available (Vacancy = less than 1%)
Issue #2: Access to Housing (continued) • (Page 41) Question D In your opinion, what are the reasons that some people choose to live in the suburbs rather than a big city? • Answer D People choose to live in the suburbs because it costs less money for the same amount of land. e.g. A house & yard "this size" in the suburbs costs less than a house & yard of "the same size" in the big city.
Tenants, Landlords, & buildersPages 42 - 43 What do you think? Question What do tenants want? What about landlords and contractors? • Builders want … 1) … 2) people to stop … 3) …
Tenants want… 1) More … 2) governments to … 3) More …
Landlords want … 1) … 2) …
Tenants, Landlords, & buildersPages 42 - 43 What do you think? Question What do tenants want? What about landlords and contractors? • Builders want … 1) social housing groups to stop giving builders a bad reputation(stop harassing & vandalizing). 2) people to stop being frustrated with developers since there is little low-cost housing because of government cuts to social housing. 3) their right, to choose the type of housing they want to build, to be respected.
Tenants want… 1) moresocial housing, affordable rent, &more helpfor low-income families. 2) governments to force landlords to renovate/fix-uptheir rental properties. 3) more understanding landlords (e.g. single parents)
Landlords want … 1) governments to relax the laws concerning rental properties so they have the right to set the price for their rental properties w/out the rental board interfering. 2) more understanding from the public about the taxes they have to pay & renovations they do.
Issue #3: Managing waste in Montreal! What are we doing with our waste? Look at the white box on the left of page 44 and answer all 6 questions for next class!
Some terms! • 1) Population Density • 2) Public Transit • 3) Tenant / Landlord • 4) Landfill • 5) Selective collection / Hazardous Waste
Let’s read & discuss pages 44-45 • Key Ideas
Tonnes of Waste (Pgs. 46 – 48) • Question A In what ways could the amount of waste thrown away in garbage bags be reduced? • Answer A People have to start reducing, reusing, & recycling. Communities have to start providing selective collection.
Question B How could this practice affect waste management costs? • Answer B The waste management costs ($) would decrease & this money ($)could be put towards more recycling, etc…
Question C Can hazardous waste be buried with other waste of be incinerated? Why? • Answer C Hazardous waste cannot be buried w/ other waste or incinerated because it carries the risk of polluting the air & bodies of groundwater.
Question D In your opinion, why is it important to recycle construction materials? • Answer D Discuss everyone’s opinion!
Question E Why is it difficult to open new landfill sites near Montreal? • Answer E You need a lot of land, people don’t want a landfill in their backyard, and there are many laws that need to be respected when looking for a site.
Terms to Know! 6 - Life Expectancy 7 - Level of Development 8 - Least-developed countries 9 - Developing countries 10 - Industrialized countries 11 - Gross domestic product (GDP) 12 - Literacy Rate 13 - Shantytown 14 - Densely populated area 15 - Imbalance 16 - Latitude 17 - Longitude 18 - Urban Sprawl 19 - Economic development 20 - Infrastructure Remember: If you don’t understand the definition you find at first, you need to look in another place for a simpler definition. Places to look: - dictionary, - textbook glossary, - textbook pages (Unit 1), & in your notes!
Unit 1, Chapter 2Our World and its Issues Let’s read and discuss A / B on pages 50 – 51