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Unidata Policy Committee NOAA/NWS Status. April 17, 2006 LeRoy Spayd Chief, Meteorological Services Division Office of Climate, Water, and Weather Services NOAA’s National Weather Service. Outline. Integrated Upper-air Observing System (IUOS) Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)

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slide1

Unidata Policy Committee

NOAA/NWS Status

April 17, 2006

LeRoy Spayd

Chief, Meteorological Services Division

Office of Climate, Water, and Weather Services

NOAA’s National Weather Service

outline
Outline
  • Integrated Upper-air Observing System (IUOS)
  • Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)
  • Digital Services
  • NWS Budget
noaa s observation system target architecture
NOAA’s Observation System Target Architecture
  • Target Architecture Principles:
  • Utility
    • Focus on societal benefits
    • Requirements-based
    • All data archived and accessible
  • Interoperability
    • Full and open data sharing
    • Standards-based
  • Flexibility
    • Leverages new technology
  • Sustainability
    • Build on existing systems
  • Affordability
    • Effectively use non-NOAA systems

Partnerships

National International

background toward integrated observing systems
BackgroundToward Integrated Observing Systems
  • Need for improved and cost-effective observations of Earth system driving plans for integrated observing systems in NOAA, nationally, and globally through GEOSS
  • In NOAA, plans underway for integrated ocean (IOOS) and surface (ISOS) observation systems

IOOS

ISOS

background why iuos
BackgroundWhy IUOS?
  • NOAA currently spends $100M/yr on upper-air observations (not including satellites)
    • Platforms and DMAC fragmented across LOs,

Programs, and Goals resulting in duplication

and cost-inefficiency

  • New systems coming
    • NPN refurbishment and expansion
    • MDCRS/Water Vapor Sensing System (WVSS)
    • Radiosonde Replacement System (RRS)
    • PDM direction to begin eliminating radiosonde/aircraft observation duplication
    • Radars, UAS, Satellites, …
  • Plan is needed for integrated upper-air observation system(IUOS)supporting NOAA mission linked to IOOS and ISOS

NOAA Investment/yr ($M) by System

what is iuos definition

Aircraft Observations over U.S.

What is IUOS?Definition
  • Complete network (including DMAC) of all upper-air observation systems available to NOAA regardless of:
    • parameter,
    • data quality,
    • ownership,
    • timeliness, or
    • redistribution rights
what is iuos mission and requirements space

IUOS part of GEOSS

What is IUOS?Mission and Requirements Space
  • IUOS Mission: Cost-effectively meet existing NOAA upper-air observation requirements; and future validated requirements for:
    • Improved spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution
    • New observations of environmental parameters
    • Data Management and Communications (DMAC)
  • Upper-air observation requirements space:
    • Geographical Extent: Global
    • Vertical Extent: 10 m above surface to Sun
    • Temporal Range: Warnings to Global Climate Change Prediction
    • Parameters: Winds, temperature, pressure, moisture, air chemistry, reflectivity, aerosols, biology, ….
what is iuos solution characteristics

IUOS Platforms and Sensors

What is IUOS?Solution Characteristics
  • IUOS solution characteristics – Future IUOS will be:
    • Adaptable, extensible, stable, continuous, and quality assured
    • Cost-effective – avoid unnecessary duplication
    • Serving multi-purposes - including driving Earth-system models
    • Consistent with/component of USGEO and GEOSS
  • Final Operating Capability:
    • “Optimal” mix of NOAA and non-NOAA observation platforms including bothin situ and remote sensors based on NOSA Architecture Principles
where are we known components of future iuos

Profilers

Existing NOAA Profilers

Potential New IOOS Profilers

Where are We?Known Components of Future IUOS

Aircraft Obs (MDCRS) Routes

  • Radiosondes with GPS (RRS) -- completed by FY 08
  • Aircraft
    • 1700 aircraft (MDCRS) today expanding to 2000 by FY 12
    • 25 aircraft with WVSS today expanding to 1135 by FY 12
  • NOAA directing elimination of redundancies between radiosondes and aircraft observations starting in FY 08
  • Refurbished/expanded NOAA Profiler Network (NPN)
    • Completed by FY 09
    • IOOS expanding NPN to coastal areas in FY 07
  • Satellite evolution will occur, but details unclear
  • GPS IPW, UAS, Phased Array radar, and other new technologies on/over horizon
how will we get there implementation strategy phased

IUOS Components

Radar

Satellite

In Situ

Adaptive

How will we get there?Implementation Strategy -- Phased

In the context of existing observing systems…

  • Phase 1: Integrate In Situ Regional Soundings (IOC – FY08)
    • Platforms: Radiosondes, aircraft (MDCRS, WVSS, TAMDAR)
    • DMAC: Ensure compliance with GEO-IDE Principles and Standards

– ditto in subsequent phases

  • Phase 2: Integrate Regional Soundings (IOC – FY10)
    • Platforms: Phase 1+ Profilers (NPN), Cooperative Agency Profilers (CAP),

GPS Integrated Precip. Water (IPW), Satellite Soundings and IPW

  • Phase 3: Integrate Regional Radar Observations (IOC – FY12)
    • Platforms: Phase 2+NEXRAD, TDWR, Dual Pol, Phased Array, Other Radars (e.g., Commercial, CASA)
  • Phase 4: Integrate Adaptive Observations (IOC – FY 14)
    • Platforms: Phase 3+G-IV, P-3, UAS
  • Phase 5: Integrate Use of Future Satellite Observations (IOC – FY 16)
    • Platforms: Phase 4+GOES-R, NPOESS, Other satellites

W&W/NWS Lead

Other NOAA Lead

how will we get there system roadmap for phases 1 3
How will we get there?System Roadmap for Phases 1-3

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

Phase 1 – In Situ Sndgs

102

102

102

102

102

102

102

102

102

92 NWS, 10 Caribbean

Radiosonde

102

FY06 Earmark funds all 102 stations for RRS upgrade

RRS

78

78

78

69

57

45

27

15

2000

2000

1950

1900

Communications and Optimization Unfunded

1850

Aircraft (MDCRS)

1800

1750

1700

1500

FY15

1135

1600

885

35

25

Aircraft w/Water Vapor

635

460

285

160

FY15

Actual # 1-for1 stns determined

By In Situ Sndg Strategy

52

46

38

52

1-for-1 RAOB/Aircraft Obs

30

22

5

Phase 2 – Int Region Sndgs

FY15

43

43

Actual # profilers required determined by Int. Reg. Sndg

40

37

35

35

35

35

35

80

Profilers

43

43

40

37

ESA Galileo IOC FY08

Profilers - 449 MHz Sites

30

14

4

4

4

Buoy Mounted Profilers

2

FYXX

Actual # GPS-Met IPW Determined by Int. Reg. Sndg

200

GPS IPW

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

50

Phase 3 – Int Radar

FYXX

?

?

?

# FAA TDWRs Determined by Int Radar Strategy

?

Radar (FAA TDWR)

?

45

?

10

4

158

148

R&D Sites

Radar (Dual Pol)

98

38

PART-Bed

PART-Bed

PART-Bed

PART-Bed

PART-Bed

Radar (Phased Array)

OperationalSites

OKT-Bed

100% Complete

OKT-Bed

OKT-Bed

12

Radar (Other, NetRad/CASA)

8

4

4

phase 1 radiosonde wv aircraft obs pdm guidance
Phase 1: Radiosonde/WV Aircraft ObsPDM Guidance
  • In FY06:
    • Evaluate model response to water-vapor sensor derived data
    • Evaluate implications of
      • forecasters using different data source and,
      • reaction of broader US weather enterprise.
    • Use evaluation to develop plan for implementation
  • In FY08: Begin eliminating redundant capability for weather observations

PDM Guidance ($M)

phase 1 one for one radiosonde vs wvss sounding exchange
Phase 1: One-for-One (Radiosonde vs. WVSS) Sounding Exchange
  • Leverage aircraft water vapor sensor profile
    • Utilizes vertical data sets from ascent & descent of aircraft
      • Obtains higher resolution observations
  • Reduce total number of launches of Radiosondes
    • Target sites outside of Climatological Requirements
    • Targeted sites will launch 1 per day
      • Allows limited specials for severe weather and other discrete events
    • Saves $’s by reducing expendables
phase 1 one for one radiosonde vs wvss sounding exchange1
Phase 1: One-for-One (Radiosonde vs. WVSS) Sounding Exchange

Estimated Cost Savings

One Radiosonde Launch Eliminated per Day

1/Limited to costs for expendable supplies such as helium, balloon, parachute, etc Labor costs not included

noaa iuos current data management capacity
NOAA IUOSCurrent Data Management Capacity
  • Observing system architecture and data management are fragmented across LOs, Mission Goals, and Programs

Sensors System Monitoring QC/QA Distribution Archive

GOES/POES SOC SOC GOES/POES, NOAAPORT NCDC

NPN NPN Hub NPN Hub MADIS, NOAAPORT NCDC/FSL

NLDN Vaisala Vaisala Vaisala, NOAAPORT Vaisala

WSR-88D ROC WFO, RFC, ROC AWIPS WAN, NOAAPORT NCDC

ASOS Ceilometer AOMC WFO, AOMC NOAAPORT NCDC

GPS IPW NPN Hub NPN Hub NPN Hub FSL

Radiosonde WFO, Gateway, WFO, NCEP, Gateway NOAAPORT, GTS NCDC

GCOS-GUAN NCDC NCDC

MDCRS Air Carriers, ARINC NCEP, MADIS ARINC, NOAAPORT FSL

P-3, G-IV AOML, OMAO NCEP, AOML FTP, NOAAPORT NCDC

PIREPS/AIREPS RTVS, ARMS NCEP, NCDC NCEP, NCDC NCDC

noaa iuos end state data management functionally streamlined
NOAA IUOSEnd State: Data ManagementFunctionally Streamlined

System ComponentSystem MonitoringDistributionArchive

1. SatellitesSatellite Ops Center NOAAPORT NNDCs

Research Satellites * Integrated QC/QA NOAA Central Portal

NPOESS/GOES-R * Metadata NNDC E-commerce

* Data Continuity/Calibration NNDCs/SAA

* Performance Monitoring

2. Radar/VHF/LidarTerrestrial Remote

NPN Sensing Monitoring Center

WSR-88D, TDWR * Integrated QA/QC

GPS IPW * Metadata

Radiometer * Data Continuity/Calibration

ASOS Ceilometer * Performance Monitoring

Lightning Data (NLDN)

NetRad/Commercial Radar

3. In Situ SensorsIn Situ Monitoring Center

Radiosonde * Integrated QA/QC

AMDAR/MDCRS/TAMDAR * Metadata

ASAP * Data Continuity/Calibration

PIREPS/AIREPS * Performance Monitoring

4. Targeting/Adaptive SensorsAdaptive Obs Monitoring Center

P-3. G-IV, UAS * Integrated QA/QC

SFMR * Metadata

Driftsondes * Data Continuity/Calibration

Dropsondes * Performance Monitoring

* Targeting/Uncertainty

ioos according to ocean us
IOOS: According to Ocean.US

The IOOS is a coordinated national and international network of observations and data transmission, data management and communications (DMAC), and data analyses and modeling that systematically and efficiently acquires and disseminates data and information on past, present and future states of the oceans and U.S. coastal waters to the head of tide.

- From the IOOS Development Plan

[Adopted by ICOSRMI]

background ioos the big picture
Background – IOOS the Big Picture
  • The US Ocean Action Plan calls for IOOS
  • GEOSS is a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained international network of observations
  • IOOS is the US contribution to GOOS which is the ocean component of GEOSS
  • The U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System Development Plan is an Interagency Committee on Ocean Science and Resource Management Integration (ICOSRMI) plan
  • AGM for FY 08-12: NOAA must “manage Earth observations on a global scale, ranging from atmospheric, weather, and climate observations to oceanic, coastal, and marine life observations”
  • IOOS is designated as a NOAA Major Project:
    • NOC and NOSC oversight
    • Manager: Dave Zilkoski; Deputy: Mike Johnson; DMAC Focal Point: Kurt Schnebele
ioos components
IOOS Components
  • U.S. IOOS has three interdependent subsystems:
    • Observing (Global and Coastal components)
    • Data Management & Communication (DMAC)
    • Modeling and Analysis
  • Partners:
  • Federal Agencies
    • NOAA
    • NSF
    • Navy
    • NASA
    • EPA
    • USGS
    • MMS
    • USACE
  • Regional Associations
  • State Agencies
  • WMO/IOC

Coastal Ocean

Component

Global Ocean

Component

National Backbone

GoA

GLs

NE

DMAC*

NW

MA

Regional Observing Systems

C&No

Cal

SE

Pac

Isl

So

Cal

Lower

Go

Mex

Resolution

Higher

* Ocean Component of NOAA GEO IDE

noaa s ioos observing systems
NOAA’s IOOS Observing Systems

By NOAA Mission Goal (As defined in the NOAA Observing System Architecture)

Global

Total Systems: 8

Coastal

Total Systems: 23

Commerce & Transportation

  • Hydrographic Surveys (includes bathymetry)
  • National Current Observations
  • National Water Level Obs. Network (NWLON)
  • Phy. Oceanographic Real Time Sys. (PORTS)
  • Shoreline Surveys
  • Climate
  • IOOS Arctic Observing System
  • IOOS Argo Profiling Floats*
  • IOOS Drifting Buoys
  • IOOS Ocean Carbon Networks*
  • IOOS Ocean Reference Station*
  • IOOS Ships of Opportunity
  • IOOS Tide Gauge Stations
  • IOOS Tropical Moored Buoys
  • Ecosystems
  • Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)*
  • Coral Reef Ecosystem Integrated Observing System (CREIOS)
  • Commercial Fisheries-Dependent Data
  • Economic/ Sociocultural Observing System*
  • Ecosystem Surveys
  • Fish Surveys
  • National Observer Program
  • Protected Resource Surveys
  • Recreational Fisheries-Dependent Data
  • System-Wide Monitoring Program (SwiM) for Marine Sanctuaries*
  • System-Wide Monitoring Program (SWMP) for National Estuarine Research Reserves
  • Passive Acoustics Observing System*
  • National Status and Trends Program*
  • Weather & Water
  • Coastal Marine Automated Network (C-MAN)
  • DART
  • Voluntary Observing Ships
  • Weather Buoys
  • SEAWIFS*
  • Mission Support
  • NOAA Ships
  • NOAA Aircraft*
  • NOAA Satellite (managed outside of IOOS)

* - NOAA is working to update Interagency IOOS documentation

ioos observing subsystem global component
IOOS Observing Subsystem: Global Component
  • Designed to meet climate requirements but also supports:
    • Weather prediction
    • Global and coastal ocean prediction
    • Marine hazards warning
    • Transportation
    • Marine environment and ecosystem monitoring
    • Naval applications
    • Homeland security
  • Objectives are well defined with GPRA performance measures.
  • Well coordinated nationally and internationally.
  • System 55% complete.
  • NOAA capacities:
    • $43.5 million
    • 19 centers of expertise
    • 151 people
    • Office of Climate Observation - a demonstration project directly applicable to the IOOS Project.
    • NOAA contributes 53% of the present international effort.
  • IOOS Tide gauge stations
  • IOOS Drifting Buoys
  • IOOS Tropical Moored Buoys
  • IOOS Argo Profiling Floats
  • IOOS Ships of Opportunity
  • IOOS Ocean Reference Stations
  • IOOS Ocean Carbon Networks
  • IOOS Arctic Observing System
  • Dedicated Ship Support
  • Data & Assimilation Subsystems
  • Management and Product Delivery
  • Satellites (managed outside of IOOS)
slide24

IOOS Observing Subsystem Components: Coastal Component- National Backbone

  • Designed to meet IOOS societal goals and all 5 NOAA Mission Goals
    • Also supports other agency and partner efforts to manage our Nation’s oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes
  • Coordinated nationally and regionally focusing on partnerships.
  • System 25 – 35% complete.
  • Better defining objectives and working on developing strong GPRA measures.
  • NOAA capacities:
    • ~$600M - $700M support IOOS
    • ~$55M/year is for integration efforts
    • 24 programs contribute, 8-9 major contributors
    • Project Office in NOS AA’s office coordinates NOAA-wide activities
    • NOAA contributes 55 -65% of the present national effort.
ioos data management and communications subsystem dmac definition
IOOS Data Management and Communications Subsystem:DMAC Definition

The IOOS is a coordinated national and international network of observations and data transmission, data management and communications (DMAC), and data analyses and modeling that systematically and efficiently acquires and disseminates data and information on past, present and future states of the oceans and U.S. coastal waters to the head of tide.

- From the IOOS Development Plan

[Adopted by ICOSRMI]

The DMAC is: Information technology infrastructure such as national backbone data systems, regional data centers, and archive centers connected by the Internet, and using shared standards and protocols.

- From the DMAC Plan (March 2005)

ioos dmac subsystem

DMAC

IOOS

IOOS DMAC Subsystem

Observation/Measurement Collection

Data Transmission

Primary data assembly, real-time quality control

Interoperable real-time distribution

Delayed mode (ecosystems, climate) data

assembly, quality control

Archive & access

Creating information products

Users: requirements & feedback

current capability production
Experimental elements:

QPF

Snow Amount

Sky Cover

Significant Wave Height

Operational elements:

Maximum Temperature

Minimum Temperature

Temperature

Dew Point

Probability of Precipitation

Weather

Wind Direction

Wind Speed

Apparent Temperature *

Relative Humidity *

* as of 3/15/06

Current CapabilityProduction

Operational & experimental elements available for CONUS, Puerto Rico/ Virgin Islands, Hawaii, Guam

planned enhancements
Planned Enhancements

Add as experimental elements during the next 12 months:

  • Tropical Cyclone Surface Wind Speed Probabilities from the Tropical Prediction Center
  • National Convective Outlooks for Days 1 and 2 from the Storm Prediction Center
  • Fire Weather Forecast Parameters
  • Elements for Alaska
planned enhancements1
Planned Enhancements

Improve over the next 12 months:

  • Accuracy
    • Expand Guidance

e.g., Gridded MOS, Downscaled GFS

    • Produce Gridded Verification
    • Generate Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis fields
  • Resolution
    • Provide NDFD forecast elements in 1-hour resolution for Days 1-3
    • Separate files for Days 1-3 and Days 4-7
planned enhancements2
Planned Enhancements

Improve over the next 12 months:

  • Availability (reliability)
    • Transition to operational status XML web service
    • Support operational status of NWS websites (99.9% uptime)
  • Consistency
    • Improve and standardize forecasters’ grid-editing tools
    • Modify collaboration thresholds and better procedures
nws budget
NWS Budget
  • FY06 – NWS has a $51M deficit in a base operations budget of $610M (labor is $480M or 79%)

- Mitigation measures include:

- 10-15% labor reduction at NWS HQ

- 3% labor reduction in field

- Defer new technology improvements and IT refresh

(e.g.,TDWR access)

- Reductions in contracts/grants/travel/supplies/outreach

  • FY07 - PB Base operations $655M (labor is $491M or 75%)

- Increases directed for buoys, tsunamis, facilities

- Deficit projected at $30M in President’s budget

- Expected deficit is at $40-$50M range due to unfunded pay raises, earmarks, rescissions