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Figurative Language. Created By Colleen Maestas-Taylor For Palmdale School District. Palmdale School District Language Arts Content Standard: Reading - Vocabulary and Concept Development 1.1. Figurative Language in Poetry and Prose. Similes Metaphors Analogies. Similes.

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created by colleen maestas taylor for palmdale school district

Figurative Language

Created By

Colleen Maestas-Taylor

For Palmdale School District

Palmdale School District Language Arts Content Standard: Reading - Vocabulary and Concept Development 1.1

slide3

Similes

A comparison of two seemingly unlike objects using “like” or “as.”

…faces with smiles like a piano keyboard.

familiar similes
Familiar similes

Peter eats like a pig

My father is as strong as an ox

Jane is neat as a pin

Jamal is sly as a fox

does this expression sound familiar
Does this expression sound familiar?

When Jenny got all of her spelling words correct, she was as“proud as a peacock.”

slide7

Metaphors

A comparison of two seemingly unlike objectswithout a qualifying term such as “like” or “as.”

When Dad’s not home, my brother thinks he’s king of the jungle at my house.

slide8

Analogy

An analogy is just like a metaphor except it is longer.

Joey dreaded Sundays at Grandma’s house. It was a jungle of boa constrictors wanting hugs and vultures sneaking kisses and pinching his cheek.

why would i want to use a simile metaphor or analogy
Why would I want to use a simile, metaphor, or analogy?
  • Enliven your writing
  • Economize your use of language
  • Explore the use of powerful images
slide10

Metaphors enliven language.

  • A metaphor is just more fun.

School is a roller coaster ride.

slide11

Think about the last metaphor:

School is a roller coaster ride.

What is a roller coast ride like?

slide14

Thrilling

Scary

Exciting

Surprising

slide15
Can you think of a better comparison? What words could you think of to explain what school is like for you?
slide16

Economy of words

  • If you write, “School is like a roller coaster,”
  • you use only a few words
  • to tell someone a lot of
  • feelings you have about school.
a sign of genius

. . .A sign of genius

Or so says Aristotle in Poetics:

slide20

Now

Are you ready to give it try?

slide22

Here are some creative ways to use metaphors

as verbs

The news thatignited his face snuffed out her smile.

as adjectives and adverbs

Her carnivorouspencil carved up Susan's devotion.

as prepositional phrases

The doctor inspected the rash with a vulture's eye.

as appositives or modifiers

On the sidewalk was yesterday's paper, an ink-stained sponge.