African Religions. YORUBA CULTURE. WHO ARE YORUBA PEOPLE?. There are over 10 million Yoruba-speaking people in Nigeria and over 10 million Yoruba and Yoruba-descended people who have migrated throughout the world—about 25 million Yoruba people in 2006.
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25 million Yoruba people in 2006.
Bronze Statue of Ooni of Ife
in full regalia at Ife Museum
1) snail filled with earth
2) 5-toed chicken
3) palm nuts
When Obatala saw firm ground, he dropped a palm nut on the land, which sprouted into a palm tree.
Palm Trees in Abeokuta, NI
movements since early 1900’s
Greatness, transcendence, superiority, all-knowing, omnipotence, father-like, BUT no temples, priests, annual festivals, images
abilities of supreme being (creation), aspects of nature (water), historical humans (leaders), human activities (agriculture)
celebrate through myth, song, prayer, sacrifice, possession, gendered, character, food, color, altars, images, priests, rituals, daily relationships
“living dead” influence the living
Senior community members (respect & gifts)
Maintain moral & social order
Body & “soul/s” (emi=spirit, ori=destiny)
Integral parts of religious cosmos
--mediums are called, inspired, or forced to serve
--ability to tell future, divine, heal
--learned profession, can be inherited
Healers = posit cause of dis-ease; diagnose; prescribe treatment to remove cause of illness
(i.e. Yoruba Ifa diviners & Orunmila & Odu,
16 palm nuts, x8 times, 256 chapters)
Creating, maintaining, modifying the
quality of your relationships
with 3 dimensions of the religious cosmos:
super-human, human, and natural forces
If these relationships are flawed,
you experience illness, suffering, misfortune