Seasonal Affective Disorder - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Seasonal Affective Disorder

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  1. Seasonal Affective Disorder By Candace Jenkins

  2. Form of bipolar affective or recurrent depressive disorder with episodes varying in degrees and severity What is it? • Tend to recur at specific times of the year

  3. Circadian rhythm What causes it? • Melatonin levels • Serotonin levels

  4. Mild to severe bouts of depression during certain times of the year Diagnosis • Usually accompanies other disorders • Patient and family history

  5. Increased sleep • Weight gain • Carb cravings • Fatigue and overall tiredness • Sadness Signs & Symptoms

  6. Women Who does it affect? • Climates • Family History

  7. Depends on severity and patient behavior Treatments • Medication • Cognitive Behavior Therapy • Light Therapy

  8. Brighten your life! Home Treatments • Get out! • Exercise

  9. Take care of yourself • Socialize • Stress management • Take a trip Coping

  10. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/seasonal-affective-disorder/DS00195 - Seasonal Affective Disorder • Glickman, G., Byrne, B., Pineda, C., Hauck, W.W. & Brainard, G.C. (2006). Light Therapy for Seasonal Affective Disorder with Blue Narrow-Band Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Biol Psychiatry, 59, 502-507. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.07.006 • http://www.aafp.org. Lurie, S.J., Gawinskin, B., Pierce, D., & Rousseau, S.J. (Nov 2006) Seasonal Affective Disorder. American Family Physician, 74 (9), 1521-1524 • Magnusson, Andres & Partonen, Timo (Aug 2005). The Diagnosis, Symptomatology, and Epidemiology of Seasonal Affective Disorder. CNS Spectrums, 10 (8), 625-634 • Pjrek, E., Winkler, D., Stastny, J., Konstantinidis. A., Heiden, A. & Kasper, S. (2004). Bright light therapy in seasonal affective disorder – does it suffice? European Neuropsychopharmacology, 14, 347-351. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2003.11.003 • Shirani, Afshin & St. Lousis, Erik K. (2009) Illuminating Rationale and Uses for Light Therapy. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 5 (2), 155-163 • Strong, R.E., Marchant, B.K., Reimherr, F.W., Williams, E., Soni, P. & Mestas, R. (2009) Narrow-Band Blue-Light Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder in Adults and the Influence of Additional Nonseasonal Symptoms. Depression and Anxiety, 26, 273-278. doi: 10.1002/da.20538 • Terman, Michael & Terman, Jiuan Su (August 2005). Light Therapy for Seasonal and Nonseasonal Depression: Efficcacy, Protocol, Safety, and Side Effects, CNS Spectrums, 10 (8), 647-663 References