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Introducing M usic to NooJ. Kristina Kocijan Sara Librenjak Zdravko Dovedan Han University of Zagreb Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Information and Communication Sciences {krkocijan, slibrenj, zdovedan}@ffzg.hr. Introduction.

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Introducing Music to NooJ

Kristina Kocijan

Sara Librenjak

Zdravko Dovedan Han

University of Zagreb

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

Department of Information and Communication Sciences

{krkocijan, slibrenj,zdovedan}@ffzg.hr

International NooJ Conference 2013


Introduction

This is what happens when you spend

months working in NooJ

so it becomes almost the part of you

and everything you do is

think how to make a NooJ grammar

that would describe

this and that and everything...

And than you spend days singing to your

little daughter and question just pops out:

hmmm – how about

NooJ and music?

International NooJ Conference 2013


More questions
More questions!

  • Could NooJ read notes?

  • How can we make NooJ read notes?

  • So what if we make NooJ read notes! What do we do with that?

    • Can we check what notes single composer uses the most?

    • What octave does s/he prefere?

    • Could we compare the music by different composers?

    • Could we discover the musical period the composition is from?

    • ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?


So... Let me procceed with another question

Have you ever seen this?

b’4

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Don’t go away!

There are more questions coming up after this slide...

And how

aboutthis?

c’4 d’8

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And now something a bit more challenging...

g8_"1/8"[ g g g] s16

g16_"1/16"[ g g g] s

g32_"1/32"[ s g s g s g] s16

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Hmm, does this look familiar?

c4-( d e-)

c4-- d-- e--

c4-.-( d-. e-.-)

c4-. d-. e-.

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How about this one?

<g b d>1

<g bes d>

<g bes des>

<g b dis>

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And for the final challenge...

bes16 aes8_"notation" aes16 bes aes8 g |

{ aes16[( bes] } <c aes>4)

{ aes16[( bes] } <c aes>4)

bes16 aes8_"performance" aes16 bes aes8 g

aes32 bes c8. aes32 bes c8.

aes16 ~ aes8. aes16 ~ aes8.

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Nooj does not read notes
NooJ does NOT “read” notes!

We code the notes using:

letters

numbers

symbols

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Instead of these codes
Instead of these codes

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We get these codes:

\new Staff = "down" {

\clef bass

\key f \minor

\time 4/4

\repeat volta 2 { \partial 4 r4 R1 r4 <f aes c'>4\staccato <f aes c'>\staccato <f aes c'>\staccato <e g bes c'>4\staccato r4 r2 r4 <e g bes c'>\staccato <e g bes c'>\staccato <e g bes c'>\staccato r4 <f aes c'>\staccato <f aes c'>\staccato <f aes c'>\staccato r <g bes e'>\staccato <g bes e'>\staccato <g bes e'>\staccato r4 <aes c' f'>\staccato r <bes des' g'>\staccato r4 <c' g'>4\staccato r4^\fermata g,4\staccato^\p c\staccato ees!\staccato g\staccato c'\staccato

ees'!4.( \times 2/3 { d'16[ c' b] } c'4\staccato) c'4\staccato <c' f'>1 <bes! f'>1 <bes ees'>1 <aes ees'>1 des'2 d' ees'4 r r << { ees'4 f'2 f' ees'4 } \\ { c'4 des'2 d' ees'4 } >> r4 r << { ees4 f2 f2 } \\ { c4 des2 d2 } >>...}

>>

...

}

...

\header {

title = "Piano Sonate Opus 2 No 1 (1st Movement)"

composer = "Ludwig Van Beethoven“...}

\score {

\new GrandStaff <<

\new Staff = "up" {

\clef treble

\key f \minor

\time 4/4

\tempo 4 = 190

\repeat volta 2 { \partial 4 c'4\p\staccato^\markup { \large \bold "Allegro." } f'\staccato aes'\staccato c''\staccato f''\staccato aes''4.( \times 2/3 { g''16[ f'' e''] } f''4\staccato) r4 g'\staccato c''\staccato e''\staccato g''\staccato bes''4.( \times 2/3 { aes''16[ g'' f''] } g''4\staccato) r4 \acciaccatura c''16 aes''4.\sf( \times 2/3 { g''16[ f'' e''] } f''4\staccato) r4 \acciaccatura c''16 bes''4....}

International NooJ Conference 2013


A bit of code cleaning
A bit of code cleaning

  • Replaced the notation that presented

    • additional instructions for the layout design (paper-height, paper-width, line-width, padding, font-size, color etc)

    • information about the person preparing the notation for the Mutopia site

    • Information that is printed at the bottom of the page

    • Lyrics

  • With descriptive tags like <MARKUP> <INFO> <FOOTER> <LYRICS> ...


Building the dictionary
Building the dictionary

  • #use muzicke_note.nof

  • # N= NOTES

  • c,N+Octave=0+FLX=TRAJANJENE+LANG=Nederlands

  • d,N+Octave=0+FLX=TRAJANJENE+LANG=Nederlands

  • e,N+Octave=0+FLX=TRAJANJENE+LANG=Nederlands

  • #PA =Pauza

  • r,PA+Length=U

  • key,GL+Value=Key+UNAMB

  • time,GL+Value=Time+UNAMB

  • # ORN = ornaments above the notes

  • staccato,ORN+UNAMB

  • # GN = grace notes –printed much smaller – not counted inside the bar

  • grace,GN+UNAMB

  • acciaccatura,GN+UNAMB

  • # DYN=changes in dynamics

  • cr,DYN+Value=crescendo+UNAMB

  • decr,DYN+Value=decrescendo+UNAMB

  • p,DYN+Value=piano+UNAMB

  • f,DYN+Value=forte

Description of music

<N> notes

<PA> pause

<GL>global information

<ORN> ornaments

<DYN> dynamics

International NooJ Conference 2013


Building the dictionary1
Building the dictionary

  • #inside the header

  • header,HEADER+UNAMB

  • title,HEAD+Value=Title+DRV=HEADER

  • composer,HEAD+Value=Composer+DRV=HEADER

  • #NB=note blocks - place where to put the notes

  • score,NB+Level=0+UNAMB

  • new GrandStaff,NB+Level=1+UNAMB

  • new StaffGroup,NB+Level=2+UNAMB

  • new Staff,NB+Level=3+UNAMB

  • #PL= page layout

  • <comment>,PL+comment+UNAMB

  • <footer>,PL+footer+UNAMB

  • markup,MARK+UNAMB

  • large,FONT+Value=markup

Description of page /instructions

<HEAD>

<NB> note blocks

<PL> page layout

<MARK>

<FONT>

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Forming the nof file
Forming the nof file

  • c,N+Octave=0+FLX=TRAJANJENE

  • TRAJANJENE = <E>/Length=U

  • + is/Length=U+sharp

  • + es/Length=U+flat

  • + isis/Length=U+dblsharp

  • + eses/Length=U+dblflat;

Description of:

FLX =

DRV =

title,HEAD+Value=Title+DRV=HEADER

HEADER = <LW>mutopia/HEAD;

International NooJ Conference 2013


Building the syntactic grammars
Building the syntactic grammars

Description of:

dynamics

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Building the syntactic grammars1
Building the syntactic grammars

Description of:

Key

Time

Tempo

Clef

Markup

override

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Building the syntactic grammars2
Building the syntactic grammars

Description of:

Accidental

! – (back to natural)

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Building the syntactic grammars3
Building the syntactic grammars

Description of:

Single notes

c

c’’’

c’2

c’2\staccato

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Building the syntactic grammars4
Building the syntactic grammars

Determining the length:

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What magic can nooj do now
What magic can NooJ do now?

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Show me all the notes in 1st octave
Show me all the notes in 1st octave!

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Show me all the notes in 2nd octave
Show me all the notes in 2nd octave!

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Show me all the notes in 3rd octave
Show me all the notes in 3rd octave!

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Show me all the chords
Show me all the chords!

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Show me all the beams
Show me all the beams!

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Show me all the slurs
Show me all the slurs!

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Show me the chords with all equal notes
Show me the chords with all equal notes!

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Show me the chords with 1st and last equal notes
Show me the chords with 1st and last equal notes!

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In conclusion

paragraph

sentence

word

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Questions?

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