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Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies. Active ageing in vital villages. Frans Thissen. Outline. My contribution: Opinions about active ageing and vital villages Concepts about: Ageing Villages Diversity of older people

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Active ageing in vital villages

Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies

Active ageing in vital villages

Frans Thissen


Outline
Outline Development Studies

My contribution:

  • Opinions about active ageing and vital villages

  • Concepts about:

    • Ageing

    • Villages

  • Diversity of older people

  • Relevant characteristics of villages

  • Possible contributions of older inhabitants

Your contribution:

  • Your personal opinion

  • Diversity of older people in your country

  • Relevant characteristics of villages in your country

  • Possible contributions of older inhabitants in your country

Active ageing in Vital villages


Introduction

Human Geographer Development Studies

Relation Man - Environment

Main topics

Villages

Older people

Research projects about older people

The experience of being old myself

Young Adults have not ‘been there’.

‘Being old’ creates the potential of empathy, recognition, sharing and understanding.

.

Introduction

Active ageing in Vital villages


Active ageing

Growing Old: Loss Development Studies

Loss of health (biological)

Loss of social roles (social-cultural)

Loss of social capital (functional social resources)

Active ageing

The ability to cope with loss

Older people as active agents

Active ageing

Active ageing in Vital villages


Vital villages
Vital villages Development Studies

Wulvergem

Loil

Active ageing in Vital villages

5


What are your personal opinions about
What are your personal opinions about: Development Studies

Active ageing?

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Vital villages?

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Active ageing in Vital villages


Concepts
Concepts Development Studies

  • Vulnerability

  • Environment (village)

    • Demanding (environmental stress)

    • Supporting (community care)

  • Person-environment fit of older people

  • Social vitality of villages

Active ageing in Vital villages


Vulnerability 1
Vulnerability (1) Development Studies

  • Definition: “aggregate of all factors that negatively affect independent functioning in daily life”

  • Balance between burden vs. bearing capacity

  • Multidimensional concept with cumulative effects

Active ageing in Vital villages


Vulnerability 2
Vulnerability (2) Development Studies

Three dimensions:

  • Individual: personal functional dependency

    • Personal health status

    • Behavioural consequences

    • (Instrumental) activities of daily living: (I)ADL, measures of independent functioning

  • Household: resources

    • Presence of other people

    • Adequacy of household income

  • Environment

    • Demanding vs. supportive character of the environment

    • Older people are active agents

Active ageing in Vital villages


Village as a demanding environment environmental stress
Village as a demanding environment: environmental stress Development Studies

  • Environmental stress: process in which people experience emotional distress in relationship to environmental exposures

  • Measuring environmental stress

    • Dissatisfaction with the neighbourhood

    • Feelings of safety

  • Dependent older adults with few household resources experience high levels of environmental stress in demanding villages, while feeling satisfied and safe in less demanding villages

Active ageing in Vital villages


Village as a supportive environment
Village as a supportive environment Development Studies

Vulnerable older people in demanding villages receiving informal care experience less environmental stress than older people receiving formal care (community care)

Older people contribute also to the local quality of life (social support networks, reciprocity)

Meaning of ‘community’ is changed

Active ageing in Vital villages


Receiving care and or giving care
Receiving care and/or giving care Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


Person environment fit
Person-environment Development Studiesfit

  • Dimensions of person-environment fit for older people

    • Housing and care: quality dwellings, public domain and access to services: Self reliance

    • Wellbeing : Feelings of belonging and identity

  • Opinions about person-environment fit and the own contribution:

    • Opinions about housing, care and well being

    • Own contribution with respect to housing, care and wellbeing

Active ageing in Vital villages


Social vitality of villages 1 definition and images
Social vitality of villages (1) Development Studiesdefinition and images

  • A social vital village is a village where residents put themselves out for each other and their environment, where new residents feel they belong and where people know how to find their way so that new initiatives can get off the ground

  • Stereotypical and contradictory images about (older) people in rural areas

    • Positive: active as volunteers, in clubs, vivid cultural traditions

    • Negative: closed conservative attitude

Active ageing in Vital villages


Social vitality of villages 2 what is needed
Social vitality of villages (2) Development StudiesWhat is needed ?

  • Sufficient quality of the residential function (dwellings and residential environment)

  • Meeting places ‘open’ to all residents (‘third places’)

  • Social capital (to bond and to bridge): characteristics of social relations (inhabitants with large networks) that result in valuable things for the village

  • Active orientation of inhabitants on a changing identity: ‘storytelling’

Active ageing in Vital villages


Active ageing in Vital villages Development Studies


Older people a growing diversity
Older people: a growing diversity Development Studies

  • Age / Cohort or date of birth

    • Young old and old old

    • Older people born till 1945, born after 1945

  • Migration history

  • Social support network

  • Geographical differences

    • National (culture and institutional)

    • Rural / urban

    • Regional (wealth and culture)

Active ageing in Vital villages


Age Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


Cohort
Cohort Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


Diversity in villages in your country
Diversity in villages in your country? Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


National differences opera 1989
National differences (OPERA, 1989) Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


Social support networks
Social-support networks Development Studies

Active ageing in Vital villages


Important characteristics of villages for the person environment fit of older people
Important characteristics of villages for the person-environment fit of older people?

Active ageing in Vital villages


What is important for person environment fit of older people in villages
What is important for person-environment fit of older people in villages?

Active ageing in Vital villages


Eastern gelderland
Eastern in villages?Gelderland

Active ageing in Vital villages


Possible contributions of older inhabitants to the person-environment fit of older people in villages?

Active ageing in Vital villages


Four situations of person environment fit
Four situations of person-environment fit person-environment fit of older people in villages?

Active ageing in Vital villages


Traditional successful nel
Traditional successful: Nel person-environment fit of older people in villages?

  • 75 years

  • Lives 50 years in small village M.

  • Married with farmer

  • Active in community life (choir, noaberschap, dialect)

  • Feels perfectly at home

  • Feels safe

    “I leave the keys in my car and everybody could take the car and I let all the doors open and there is always coffee for anybody who drops in”

Active ageing in Vital villages


Traditional vulnerable corrie
Traditional vulnerable: Corrie person-environment fit of older people in villages?

  • 86 years

  • Wheelchair

  • 45 years in industrial village B.

  • Low involvement in community life

  • Knows less and less people

  • Feels unsafe

    “The tight community is still there but has gone underground”

Active ageing in Vital villages


Modern vulnerable anna
Modern vulnerable: Anna person-environment fit of older people in villages?

  • 68 years

  • 34 years in small village L.

  • Active in social activities outside village (tennis, classical music)

  • Few contacts in village

  • Feels not at home

  • Feels unsafe

    “L. does not feel as ‘my’ village”

Active ageing in Vital villages


Modern successful marjan
Modern successful: Marjan person-environment fit of older people in villages?

  • 68 years

  • Born in large village K., but lived longtime outside village

  • Active in aqua fitness, badminton and voluntary work (Third World shop, Red Cross, local crafts) in village

  • Helps people, knows many people in village

  • Feels at home

  • Feels safe

  • Actively anticipates on later life in village

    “I have spotted my future house in the village”

Active ageing in Vital villages


Active ageing in Vital villages person-environment fit of older people in villages?


Active ageing in vital villages1

Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies

Active ageing in vital villages

Frans Thissen