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An Intro to Word Roots

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  1. An Intro to Word Roots Getting to the ROOT of vocabulary comprehension

  2. Taking Notes: How to Organize Side 1 Side 2

  3. The English Language Is…

  4. So, What is your first step?

  5. The same strategy works with words…

  6. Instead of Colors You Use… • Word Roots: • Greek and Latin Roots • Prefixes • Suffixes

  7. Your results • You can figure out hundreds of words at a time by learning one root. Root FAC-

  8. Let’s Try It: Word Tower • TRANSPORT

  9. How do they connect? TRANS PORT

  10. Write a sentence with at least two of the words that shows the meaning of both words.

  11. Quick Review What do you know about word roots? What do the roots “trans” and “port” mean.

  12. TERR- Word Tower!

  13. Territory • Means: land or water under a state’s control • Part of my word tower: Interred Terrace Terrier Mediterranean The root “Terr-” means:____________________

  14. For each of the following slides: • 1. Come up with a definition based on what you know about the root and the picture. • 2. Explain why you think this definition makes sense.

  15. Terrace

  16. Mediterranean

  17. Terrier

  18. Interred

  19. Biology • Biology means: ___________________ • Contains 2 roots: • 1. __________ and 2. ____________ • 1 means: • 2 means:

  20. Word Tower (List) • What other words contain bio?

  21. Word Tower: What other words contain “logy”? (list)

  22. How about GEOLOGYMeans: The study of ________ • Geo- • Logy-

  23. Word Tower • GEO

  24. How do you measure the brightness of a star?

  25. Magnitude—3 definitions • Measurement system invented by Greeks around 150 B.C. used to measure brightness of stars. • A star that is one magnitude number lower than another star is about two-and-a-half times brighter. 1 is the brightest, 6 the dimmest. • The full moon is a magnitude of -12.6!

  26. Why ‘Magnitude’?Root: Magn- • The word is from Latin magnusmeaning ‘great/big’! • We usually use it to refer to large or very important things. • Magnitude 2. You can’t say something is “magnitude.” It is of great magnitude, has magnitude, or someone can have magnitude.”

  27. What About Geology? • Magnitude: Def #3: What geological event is also referred to as measured in magnitude?

  28. Word Tower: MAGN-

  29. Other words with the root “magn-”: • Magnificent: • Magnify: • Magnate: • Magna Carta:

  30. ONCE AND FOR ALL! • The difference between: • AFFECT and • EFFECT

  31. HOW CAN WE FIX THIS!? • Simply complete the following simple steps and you will be on your way to perfecting your affect/effect usage!

  32. 1. Collect one piece of paper from the closest recycling bin.

  33. 2. Crumple the paper into a tight ball.

  34. THROW THE PAPER! • SCREAM “Action!” as you do so.

  35. How did you AFFECT the world around you?

  36. What were the EFFECTS of this Action?

  37. AFFECT • A • ACTION • The action you take to CHANGE something. • You can often replace the word ‘affect’ with ‘change’ in a sentence.

  38. EFFECT • Note the ‘E’ • THE RESULT—the end product of what has been done. • What the results of the action were. • You can often replace ‘effect’ with the word ‘result’ in a sentence.

  39. In Summary: • Is it an action (verb)? Use an A. • Is it a noun? Or can you describe it as the result of an action? Use an E.

  40. Try it: • Were you _ffected by the full moon last night? • She really likes motorcycling except for how the wind _ffects her hair. • Yeah, the _ffects of the wind look a bit like a giant cat licked her head. • I really like the special _ffects in the Lord of the Rings movies. • Do you think lavishing Mrs. Wicklund with compliments would _ffect my grade? • No, but I think the _ffects of you doing so would be nice anyway.