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Bell Work. Come in and pick up “What is a Flapper” sheet on the back table. You have 15 minutes to complete it. The Postwar World. The Roaring 20’s. Changing Patterns. Warren Harding – elected Pres. 1920 “Return to Normalcy” But there was no going back

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bell work
Bell Work
  • Come in and pick up “What is a Flapper” sheet on the back table.
  • You have 15 minutes to complete it.
the postwar world

The Postwar World

The Roaring 20’s

changing patterns
Changing Patterns
  • Warren Harding – elected Pres. 1920
    • “Return to Normalcy”
  • But therewas no going back
  • Ppl in N. Amer. And Europe experimented w/ new customs and ways of life.
what s trending
What’s Trending?
  • Women gained a new level of independence
    • 19th Amendment
  • Women known as “flappers” created a revolution in manners and morals.
  • Ppl in general wanted larger than life heroes.
    • Babe Ruth – baseball
    • Big Bill Tilden – Tennis
    • Gertrude Ederle – Swimming
    • Charles Lindbergh – Pilot
what s trending1
What’s Trending?
  • WW1 opened a lot of doors for economic development.
  • Pres. Calvin Coolidge summed up the U.S. in the 20’s.
    • “The business of America is business”
  • Decade following WW1 witnessed a revo. In transportation and communication.
  • Automobiles had the biggest impact in the world.
    • U.S. became very mobile
  • Radios produced a homogenous culture.
  • The demand for consumer goods increased.
    • Vacuum cleaners, packaged foods, electric irons
  • Ppl had more leisure time.
  • Many spent their free time enjoying another new product: The Movies
  • 1905 – German physicist Albert Einstein introduced his Theory of Relativity.
    • No absolutes in time and space
  • Time and space depend on the relative motion of bodies and space.
  • Speed of light is constant and all matter has energy.
  • 1945 - Einstein’s E=MC^2 was supported w/ the first atomic bomb.
  • “There are no absolutes in any field of knowledge or moral values.”
  • Austrian physician, Sigmund Freud, revolutionized ideas about how the mind works.
    • Unconscious mind plays a major role in shaping behavior.
  • Led to new approaches w/ mental illnesses and education.
the arts
The Arts
  • Biggest gap btwnold and new after WW1 was in art.
    • Painting, literature, music, dance, etc.
    • New styles introduced
  • Poets like T. S. Eliot used a complex style to present a sense of despair about life.
    • No hope
  • Ernest Hemingway & F. Scott Fitzgerald developed different styles.
  • 1922 – Irish Novelist James Joyce published Ulysses
    • Style known as “stream of consciousness”
  • Harlem Renaissance – African American Literary movement.
    • Focused on African American experience in U.S.
  • John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath described the Oklahoma farmers who abandoned their fields.
    • Moved to Cali.
  • Radical new styles in painting.
  • 1907 – Pablo Picasso introduced cubism w/ Les Demoiselles d’Avignon.
  • Dada stressed absurdity and the unpredictability of life.
  • Dada’sreliance on imagination led to surrealism
    • Dream-like images
  • Salvador Dali – known for his impossible images. (Spanish painter)
  • Social realist painters showed the human suffering caused by the Depression (1930’s).
    • Dorothea Lange, Ben Shahn, etc.
music dance
Music / Dance
  • Several composers and musicians changed their styles after WW1.
  • Europeans conducted music w/o traditional harmonies.
  • U.S. – 1920’s were known as the “jazz age.”
    • Combination of American, West African, and European classical music.
music dance1
Music / Dance
  • Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham – changed dance into an art form in U.S.
  • Russian sponsor, Sergey Diaghilev, developed modern ballet.
  • George Balanchine expanded Sergey’s work – brought it to the U.S.
  • 20’s and 30’s saw new designs in buildings and furnishings.
  • Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus school of design
  • Frank Lloyd Wright blended architecture w/ surrounding nature.
pop culture
Pop. Culture
  • Hollywood productions dominated movie theaters around the world.
  • The creative use of cameras elevated silent films into an art form.
  • 1927 – The Jazz Singer was the first non-silent film.
  • October 1929 – Tragedy struck w/ deadly consequences