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Zambia National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) . Prof Prem Jain Technical coordinator, Climate Change Facilitation Unit World Bank Seminar on Climate Change, Hilton Hotel, Windhoek, Namibia,10-15 th October 2011 . Drivers of Climate Change Agenda in Zambia .
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Zambia National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) Prof Prem Jain Technical coordinator, Climate Change Facilitation Unit World Bank Seminar on Climate Change, Hilton Hotel, Windhoek, Namibia,10-15th October 2011
Drivers of Climate Change Agenda in Zambia • The Ministry of Tourism Environment and Natural Resources (MTENR) • Recognized the need for a coordinated and harmonized response to climate change issues in the country in order to: (i) avoid duplication, and (ii) enable more effective use of resources • To government also needed guidance on policy and legal issues
Setting up of Climate Change Facilitation Unit (CCFU) • A dedicated Unit with adequate resources and capacity was required • CCFU was set up in April 2009 in MTENR under the ENRMD to facilitate the development of the NCCRS and undertake immediate initiatives in climate change • Support from Norwegian Government and UNDP • An interim arrangement for 2009 – 2010 to accelerate climate change activities
Vision of the NCCRS A Prosperous Climate Change – resilient Economy Objective of the NCCRS Overall objective of the strategy is to establish a coordinated national response to climate change
Methodology/Approach for NCCRS • An analysis of risks climate poses to development and linking it with appropriate response measures • A review of evidence of climate change by examining past trends of climate such as temperature and rainfall and for future trends based on existing models • Extensive literature review • A participatory approach involving use of questionnaires,interviews, FGDs, case studies and workshops • Specific actions and priorities relating to adaptation and mitigation were identified in consultation with stakeholders • The aim was to try and incorporate climate change tools into development planning and implementation
Some Key Principles to Guide NCCRS Development • The strategy is consistent with national development priorities • The strategy complies with international and domestic obligations • Encouraging participatory approaches • Focusing on those areas that promote sustainable development • Recognizing and building on existing traditional knowledge • Recognizing that Climate Change is a cross-cutting issue that demands integration across the work programmes of several government departments and stakeholders including industry, private sector and communities. • Taking advantage of the benefits from global and regional initiatives to complement national efforts • Promoting programmes that build capacities for addressing climate change
How NCCRS Proceeded? • Started in second quarter 2010 • Six (6) national and regional stake-holder workshops were held • Finalized February 2011 • Full report too bulky and not in appropriate strategy format • An abridged version undertaken in consultation with Cabinet Office earlier this year. • Final draft is just ready for submission to the various ministries and CO for adoption
Key Elements of NCCRS • Implementation Framework: Concrete programs and projects covering all aspects of climate change • Investment Framework: Financing needs for some key programs/projects and how to procure it • Institutional Framework: Who to implement?
Priority Sectors under NCCRS • Land Use (Agriculture and Forestry): To develop sustainable land use systems to enhance agricultural production and ensure food security under the changing climate; • Water: To ensure sustainable management and resilience of water resources under the changing climate; • Health and Social Infrastructure: To protect people and health from climate change and climate variability; • Physical Infrastructure: To climate-proof infrastructure; • Transport: To develop a less carbon-intensive and climate change-resilient transport system; • Energy: To develop a less carbon-intensive and climate change-resilient energy infrastructure and grow using low carbon path; and • Mining: To develop a less carbon-intensive and climate change-resilient mining industry
Five Pillars of NCCRS • Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction: The aim is to ensure that the most climate-sensitive sectors are protected from the impacts of climate change by putting in place climate-resilient adaptation actions and ensuring that Disaster Risk Reduction is mainstreamed in all sectors of the economy. • Mitigation and Low Carbon Development: To ensure that mitigation actions are implemented in the most GHG-intensive sectors of land-use (agriculture and forestry), energy, transport and mining, and development proceeds using low carbon pathways. • Crosscutting Issues: Here, four items are addressed: capacity building; research and development; technology development and transfer; climate change communication, education and awareness. • Governance of Climate Change: The Governance pillar creates a dedicated semi-autonomous coordinating institution called a National Climate Change and Development Council (NCCDC) which shall be overseen by a Inter-ministerial committee on Climate Change and administered by a committee of Permanent Secretaries . • Finance and Investment Framework: Achieving the Strategy’s vision requires substantial and additional financial resources to implement the proposed actions. An extensive list of programmes and projects are annexed to the strategy.