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Corrective Reading. Decoding. Direct Instruction Overview. Program Assumptions All children can learn All teachers can teach Instructional Approach Skills broken down into sub-skills Each skill taught to mastery and continuously reviewed Instructional Delivery Teacher presentation skills

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Presentation Transcript
direct instruction overview
Direct Instruction Overview
  • Program Assumptions
    • All children can learn
    • All teachers can teach
  • Instructional Approach
    • Skills broken down into sub-skills
    • Each skill taught to mastery and continuously reviewed
  • Instructional Delivery
    • Teacher presentation skills
      • Follow script
      • Keep pacing brisk
      • Elicit, monitor, react
  • Classroom management

Placement Scheduling

Grouping Seating

corrective reading series features
Corrective Reading Series Features
  • Cumulative skill development and review
  • Gradual increase in difficulty
  • Daily teacher-directed lessons of 40 – 45 minutes
  • Student performance data collected regularly
  • Management system involving the use of points
  • Scripted lessons
  • Placement tests designed to measure skills
teaching techniques
Teaching Techniques

A sample of rules for group work

S – Sit in learning position

T – Track

A – Answer on signal

R – Respect others’ turns

techniques for all levels
Techniques for All Levels
  • Teach to mastery
  • Provide frequent interactions
  • Use individual turns diagnostically
  • Monitor all oral and written work
  • Evaluate and monitor amount of time needed for each task
  • Give lots of specific praise
  • Review/practice lessons before teaching
  • Teach to mastery
decoding and comprehension
Decoding and Comprehension


Decoding A

Decoding B1

Decoding B2

Decoding C

Note: Students who place in Decoding B1 may place in Comprehension A


Comprehension A

Comprehension B1

(Comprehension B2)*

Comprehension C

* Comp. B2 is not an entry level program

decoding overview
Decoding Overview

Decoding A: Word Attack Basics

  • 65 Lessons
  • Grade level: Non – reader to 1.9
  • 60 wpm 90% Accuracy

About 10% of the population tests into this category

Decoding B1 and B2: Decoding Strategies

  • B1 65 lessons

Grade level: 2.0 – 3.5

90 wpm

  • B2 65 lessons

Grade level: 3.5 – 5.0

120 wpm

Decoding C: Skills Applications

  • 125 regular lessons
  • Grade level: 5.0 – 7.0
  • 150 wpm and up

About 10% of the population tests into this level

decoding a word attack basics
Entry Behavior

Virtually lacks decoding skills

Exhibits vowel confusion, reversals and substitutions

Poor sight word recognition

Slow, laborious reading rate

Frequent errors

Oral comprehension


Letter sounds

Letter combinations

Short vowels


Rhyming; tracking

High utility sight words

Rate and fluency


Decoding A Word Attack Basics
decoding a outcome behavior
Decoding A Outcome Behavior

Student will master the following sentence types, words and letter combinations:

She was a master at planting trees.

what, was , do, said, to, of, you

many combinations such as: st, bl, sl, fl, pl, sw, cl, tr, dr nt, nd, st


Student will be able to

  • identify and pronounce short vowels
  • sound out words as an aid to reading
  • spell simple, regular words
  • read common irregular words
  • read sentences and short selections

60 wpm; 90% accuracy

decoding b1 and b2 decoding strategies
Entry Behavior

b-d reversals

Unsure of vowel combinations

Drops or adds endings

Slow fluency

Guesses from context

Tends to confuse words with similar spellings

Consistently inconsistent

Decoding B1 and B2 Decoding Strategies
  • Strategies
  • All sound combinations taught
  • b-d and long/short vowel discriminations
  • Regular and irregular words
  • Stories increase in length, difficulty and interest
  • Comprehension questions, oral and written
  • Workbook exercises in decoding and comprehension
decoding b1 and b2 outcome behavior
Decoding B1 and B2 Outcome Behavior

Student will master

  • Long and short vowel sounds of o, e, a, and i
  • Letter combinations: th, ee, sh, or, ol, ch, wh, ing, er, oo, ea, oa, ai, ou, ar, oul, igh, ir, ur, er, oi, ce, ci, tion, ge, gi, kn
  • Regular and irregular words, e.g., mat, trip, risks, was, league
  • Words with consonant blends, e.g., drop, splash, slip
  • Words with endings, e.g., dropping, rested
  • Pattern drills that demonstrate consistent phonic relationships, e.g., big, bag, beg; sigh, sight, night; loud, lead
  • Compound words, e.g., herself, anybody

B1: 90 wpm

B2: 115 wpm

90% accuracy

decoding c skill applications
Entry Behavior

Fair reading skills, but not totally fluent

Word identification errors

Trouble with multisyllabic words

Trouble with textbook material

Limited knowledge of vocabulary

Decoding CSkill Applications
  • Strategies
  • All letter combinations taught and reviewed
  • Over 500 vocabulary words taught
  • Factual and fictional selections
  • High percentage of new words in selections
  • Additional expository selections from other sources
  • Workbook exercises in comprehension
decoding c outcome behavior
Decoding C Outcome Behavior

Student will master

  • Letter combinations such as th, ee, sh, or, ol, ch, wh, ing, ce, ci, tion, ge, gi, kn, ure, tial, cial
  • Affixes such as ex, ly, un, re, dis, pre, tri, sub, less, ness, able
  • Over 500 vocabulary words
  • Selections with a range of vocabulary, format, syntax and content
  • Additional selections from magazines, newspapers and other sources

C: 150 wpm

90% accuracy