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Corrective Reading

Corrective Reading

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Corrective Reading

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  1. Corrective Reading Decoding

  2. Direct Instruction Overview • Program Assumptions • All children can learn • All teachers can teach • Instructional Approach • Skills broken down into sub-skills • Each skill taught to mastery and continuously reviewed • Instructional Delivery • Teacher presentation skills • Follow script • Keep pacing brisk • Elicit, monitor, react • Classroom management Placement Scheduling Grouping Seating

  3. Corrective Reading Series Features • Cumulative skill development and review • Gradual increase in difficulty • Daily teacher-directed lessons of 40 – 45 minutes • Student performance data collected regularly • Management system involving the use of points • Scripted lessons • Placement tests designed to measure skills

  4. Teaching Techniques A sample of rules for group work S – Sit in learning position T – Track A – Answer on signal R – Respect others’ turns

  5. Techniques for All Levels • Teach to mastery • Provide frequent interactions • Use individual turns diagnostically • Monitor all oral and written work • Evaluate and monitor amount of time needed for each task • Give lots of specific praise • Review/practice lessons before teaching • Teach to mastery

  6. Decoding and Comprehension Decoding Decoding A Decoding B1 Decoding B2 Decoding C Note: Students who place in Decoding B1 may place in Comprehension A Comprehension Comprehension A Comprehension B1 (Comprehension B2)* Comprehension C * Comp. B2 is not an entry level program

  7. Decoding Overview Decoding A: Word Attack Basics • 65 Lessons • Grade level: Non – reader to 1.9 • 60 wpm 90% Accuracy About 10% of the population tests into this category Decoding B1 and B2: Decoding Strategies • B1 65 lessons Grade level: 2.0 – 3.5 90 wpm • B2 65 lessons Grade level: 3.5 – 5.0 120 wpm Decoding C: Skills Applications • 125 regular lessons • Grade level: 5.0 – 7.0 • 150 wpm and up About 10% of the population tests into this level

  8. Entry Behavior Virtually lacks decoding skills Exhibits vowel confusion, reversals and substitutions Poor sight word recognition Slow, laborious reading rate Frequent errors Oral comprehension Strategies Letter sounds Letter combinations Short vowels Blending Rhyming; tracking High utility sight words Rate and fluency Spelling Decoding A Word Attack Basics

  9. Decoding A Outcome Behavior Student will master the following sentence types, words and letter combinations: She was a master at planting trees. what, was , do, said, to, of, you many combinations such as: st, bl, sl, fl, pl, sw, cl, tr, dr nt, nd, st ------------------------------------------------- Student will be able to • identify and pronounce short vowels • sound out words as an aid to reading • spell simple, regular words • read common irregular words • read sentences and short selections 60 wpm; 90% accuracy

  10. Entry Behavior b-d reversals Unsure of vowel combinations Drops or adds endings Slow fluency Guesses from context Tends to confuse words with similar spellings Consistently inconsistent Decoding B1 and B2 Decoding Strategies • Strategies • All sound combinations taught • b-d and long/short vowel discriminations • Regular and irregular words • Stories increase in length, difficulty and interest • Comprehension questions, oral and written • Workbook exercises in decoding and comprehension

  11. Decoding B1 and B2 Outcome Behavior Student will master • Long and short vowel sounds of o, e, a, and i • Letter combinations: th, ee, sh, or, ol, ch, wh, ing, er, oo, ea, oa, ai, ou, ar, oul, igh, ir, ur, er, oi, ce, ci, tion, ge, gi, kn • Regular and irregular words, e.g., mat, trip, risks, was, league • Words with consonant blends, e.g., drop, splash, slip • Words with endings, e.g., dropping, rested • Pattern drills that demonstrate consistent phonic relationships, e.g., big, bag, beg; sigh, sight, night; loud, lead • Compound words, e.g., herself, anybody B1: 90 wpm B2: 115 wpm 90% accuracy

  12. Entry Behavior Fair reading skills, but not totally fluent Word identification errors Trouble with multisyllabic words Trouble with textbook material Limited knowledge of vocabulary Decoding CSkill Applications • Strategies • All letter combinations taught and reviewed • Over 500 vocabulary words taught • Factual and fictional selections • High percentage of new words in selections • Additional expository selections from other sources • Workbook exercises in comprehension

  13. Decoding C Outcome Behavior Student will master • Letter combinations such as th, ee, sh, or, ol, ch, wh, ing, ce, ci, tion, ge, gi, kn, ure, tial, cial • Affixes such as ex, ly, un, re, dis, pre, tri, sub, less, ness, able • Over 500 vocabulary words • Selections with a range of vocabulary, format, syntax and content • Additional selections from magazines, newspapers and other sources C: 150 wpm 90% accuracy