An assessment of crisis pregnancy center websites helping or hurting women kelly baker
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An Assessment of Crisis Pregnancy Center Websites: Helping or Hurting Women? Kelly Baker. Within the Unites States there are approximately 6 million pregnancies a year, half of which are unintended 1 Of those that are unintended nearly half will end in abortion 1

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An assessment of crisis pregnancy center websites helping or hurting women kelly baker l.jpg

An Assessment of Crisis Pregnancy Center Websites:Helping or Hurting Women?Kelly Baker


Introduction l.jpg

Within the Unites States there are approximately 6 million pregnancies a year, half of which are unintended1

Of those that are unintended nearly half will end in abortion1

Within the state of Maryland, 131,720 of the 1,190,940 women of childbearing age become pregnant each year2

29% of these pregnancies end in abortion2

There is a significant lack of access to abortion care in the United States:

87% of counties do not have an abortion provider3

One-third of women ages 15-44 live in these counties3

One in four women travel more than 50 miles to a provider4

8% travel more than 100 miles4

There are approximately 2,000 clinics that perform the procedure3

However there are more than 4,000 Crisis Pregnancy Centers (CPCs)3

Introduction

1-Finer & Henshaw, 2006 3-Finer & Henshaw, 2003

2-Guttmacher Institute, 2006 4-Henshaw & Finer, 2003


Crisis pregnancy centers cpcs l.jpg

CPCs are centers run by those who oppose abortion pregnancies a year, half of which are unintended

They define their mission as targeting those women at-risk for abortion in order to prevent them from choosing abortion1

CPCs also claim that those pregnant women coming to the centers actually looking for pregnancy support are essentially threatening this primary mission, which is to reach those women at-risk for abortion2

Crisis Pregnancy Centers (CPCs)

1-National Abortion Federation, 2006

2- Jacobson, 2004


Cpc tactics l.jpg

Design appearance to look like a medical facility when they have no medical staff on hand1

Locate themselves in close proximity to clinics to lure in patients or for legitimacy2

They target a low-income population and women of different ethnicities3

They offer free services including pregnancy tests, ultrasounds, baby clothes, and other baby supplies4

Several give out misinformation on contraception, condom use, emergency contraception1,3

They use graphic pictures, videos, pamphlets, and posters as fear tactics1

They state an increased risk of breast cancer and claim Post-Abortion Stress is a result of abortion3

CPC Tactics

1-NARAL Pro-Choice Maryland, 2002 3-National Abortion Federation, 2006

2- Kaiser Daily Reproductive Health Report, 2002 4-Hauptman & Kaplan, 2001


Prior research l.jpg

NARAL Pro-Choice Maryland (2002) have no medical staff on hand

70% of centers gave misinformation about contraception and condom use

In 65% of all CPCs visited, participants were provided with misleading information about the risks of the abortion procedure

29% of centers gave inaccurate information about the procedure itself

National Abortion Federation (2006)

Exposed the mission of CPCs

Worked with Patient Partnership Project on personal experiences with CPCs

Supported NARAL Study

Showed how CPCs receive funding through both state and federal funding

Prior Research


Research questions l.jpg

Do Crisis Pregnancy have no medical staff on handCenter websites present all options information to the public?

Do Crisis Pregnancy Center websites provide accurate and unbiased information to the public?

Do Crisis Pregnancy Center websites tailor their information to the demographics of the area they serve?

Research Questions


Methods l.jpg

In researching CPCs in the U.S., it was found that several have websites that include much of this misinformation and these deceptive tactics

Decided upon a sample of CPCs in the state of Maryland

Representative sample demographically

Divided by county

Comprehensive search using the Verizon Yellow Pages, Google, Instant Messenger, links from other websites, etc.

Found a total of 74 CPCs in the state of Maryland

Close to the approximation of 65 made by NARAL in 20021

46 CPCs were linked to a website

Three CPCs were linked to two websites

Several websites were repeated

A total of 33 websites were studied

Methods

1-NARAL Pro-Choice Maryland, 2002


Limitation l.jpg

CPCs were not found in Caroline or Somerset County have websites that include much of this misinformation and these deceptive tactics

CPC websites were also not found in Allegheny, Carroll, Kent, Queen Anne’s, Talbot, or Worcester Counties

These 8 counties make up 8% of the population in the state of Maryland

Limitation


Methods9 l.jpg

Designed an instrument to look at five major variables: have websites that include much of this misinformation and these deceptive tactics

Homepage

Person, age, gender, race/ethnicity

Name, slogan, interactivity

Website Content

Options counseling, parenting, adoption, abortion, abortion risks, post-abortion counseling, emergency contraception, religion, abstinence education, free services

Language

Medical language and descriptions of abortion procedures

Statistics

Condom use, abortion

Extraneous Information

Ran frequency analyses on all data

Methods


Results l.jpg

Do Crisis Pregnancy have websites that include much of this misinformation and these deceptive tacticsCenter websites present all options information to the public?

Looked at whether or not they offered options counseling, what these options were, abstinence education, safer sex education, post-abortion counseling, and other services

Results support the NARAL and NAF study

advertise options but do not discuss options in detail

each option not fully supported

do not make abortion referrals

do not provide safer sex education

Results


Results11 l.jpg

Do Crisis Pregnancy Center websites provide accurate and unbiased information to the public?

Looked at options, medical language and descriptions, risks and complications of abortion procedure, emergency contraception (EC), services, details, religion, and statistics

Results support NARAL and NAF study

biased options

inaccurate and misleading information on the procedure including language, descriptions, risks, and complications

almost all list EC as an abortifacient

services supporting parenting alone

several claim to be a medical facility

lack of full reproductive health care and options

cite religious passages

inaccurate and misleading statistics on abortion procedures and condom effectiveness

Results


Results12 l.jpg

Do Crisis Pregnancy Center websites tailor their information to the demographics of the area they serve?

Considered results by county

Looked at person(s) on the homepage (by age, gender, and race/ethnicity), religion, and statistics

some tailor their homepage to their demographics

almost all mention religion

statistics are not guided towards demographics

Results


Conclusions l.jpg

Many Crisis Pregnancy to the demographics of the area they serve?Center websites state they present all options information to the public, but not equally

These options are biased towards parenting

Crisis Pregnancy Center websites provide inaccurate and biased information to the public.

Crisis Pregnancy Center websites tailor some of their information to the demographics of the area they serve.

Could be considered inconclusive and needs to be researched further

Conclusions


Limitations l.jpg

Not all counties had CPCs to the demographics of the area they serve?

Not all counties had websites

Not all websites were the same size

Time

Websites took an hour or so to go through

Not all data was used and analyzed

Not enough!

Limitations


Future studies l.jpg

Compare information within counties to the demographics of the area they serve?

Look at remaining information not analyzed

Look at website information in more detail

Correlations among websites

Further relationships within demographics

Future Studies


Questions l.jpg

Questions? to the demographics of the area they serve?


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