Spelling changes in certain er verbs
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Spelling changes in certain - er verbs. -cer Verbs. Verbs ending in –cer change c to ç before a or o to retain the soft c sound . . Quelques exemples…. Annoncer to announce Commencer to begin Effacer to erase Lancer to throw Menacer to threaten

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Cer verbs
-cer Verbs

  • Verbs ending in –cer change c to ç before a or o to retain the soft c sound.


Quelques exemples
Quelques exemples…

  • Annoncer to announce

  • Commencer to begin

  • Effacer to erase

  • Lancer to throw

  • Menacer to threaten

  • Placer to put, place

  • Prononcer to pronounce

  • Remplacer to replace

  • Renoncer à to give up


Ger verbs
-ger Verbs

  • Verbs ending in -ger insert a silent e between g and a, and between g and o, to keep the soft g sound.


Quelques exemples1
Quelques exemples

  • Arranger to arrange

  • Bouger to move

  • Changer to change

  • Corriger to correct

  • Déménager to move

  • Déranger to disturb

  • Diriger to direct

  • Manger to eat

  • Mélanger to mix


Spelling changes in certain er verbs

  • Neiger to snow

  • Obliger to force, impose

  • Partager to share, divide

  • Plonger to plunge, dive

  • Ranger to put away, put in order

  • Songer (à) to think about, consider

  • Voyager to travel


Yer verbs
-yer Verbs

  • Verbs ending in –yer change y to i before silent e.


Quelques exemples2
Quelques exemples….

  • Employer to use

  • Ennuyer to bore, bother

  • Essuyer to dry, wipe

  • Nettoyer to clean

  • Renvoyer to dismiss, send back


Spelling changes in certain er verbs
Note….

  • Verbs ending in –ayer may or may not change the y to i in all present tense forms except nous and vous.



E consonant er verbs
-E+ Consonant + -ER Verbs

  • Verbs with silent e in the syllable before the infinitive ending change silent e to è when the next syllable contains another silent e.


Quelques exemples3
Quelques exemples…

  • Acheter to buy

  • Achever to complete, finish

  • Amener to bring, lead to

  • Elever to raise, bring up

  • Emmener to take (with you)

  • Geler to freeze

  • Lever to raise, lift

  • Mener to lead

  • Peser to weigh

  • Promener to walk (the dog)


Appeler and jeter
Appeler and Jeter

  • Some ‘shoe’ verbs with silent e, like appeler and jeter, double the consonant instead of changing e to è.


Quelques exemples4
Quelques exemples…

  • Epeler to spell

  • Epousseter to dust


E consonant er verbs1
E + Consonant + -ER Verbs

  • Verbs with é in the syllable before the infinitive ending change é to è only before the silent endings -e, -es, -ent.


Quelques exemples5
Quelques exemples …

  • Espérer to nope

  • Posséder to possess, own

  • Préférer to prefer

  • Protéger to protect

  • Répéter to repeat, rehearse