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What is Word Study?. Professional Development Study Group PS 48 Summer Planning July 20th --25th. What is Word Study?. Teaching students to use word analysis strategies in reading and writing. Word Analysis -examining the parts of words and patterns.

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What is word study
What is Word Study?

Professional Development Study Group

PS 48 Summer Planning

July 20th --25th


What is word study1

What is Word Study?

Teaching students to use word analysis strategies in reading and writing.

Word Analysis -examining the parts of words and patterns.

Analogizing – recalling words already learned (or parts of words) to read/write new words. ( If you can spell “wait”, you can spell…)


To be effective word study must have these components
To be effective, Word Study must have these components:

  • Teaching students spelling strategies

  • Helping students memorize high frequency words

  • Teaching students to generalize spelling patterns

  • Creating conditions that develop students’ spelling

  • consciousness

  • Communicating with parents about your methods.


How is it different from a traditional spelling program

Traditional

Teacher provides the rule to be learned.

Student learn specific sounds/words

Students learn sets of words and sounds

Grade level spelling lists

Word Study

Student discovers the rule

Students look for patterns and exceptions

Students learn habits and strategies

Developmental stages, assessment driven

How is it different from a traditional spelling program?


Developmental stages
Developmental Stages

  • Emergent

  • Letter Name-Alphabetic Stage

  • Within-Word Pattern Stage

  • The Syllables and Affixes Stage

  • Derivational Relations Stage.


Emergent spellers age 1 7 grades pre k to mid 1
Emergent SpellersAge 1-7 Grades: pre-K to mid-1

  • Writing looks like this:

  • Activities

    • Talking and reading to children

    • concept sorts develop vocabulary

    • picture sorts develop phonological awareness

    • alphabet games and activities develop letter recognition

    • font sorts and matching games establish upper- and lower-case equivalence

    • beginning consonant picture sorts secure initial phonemic awareness.


Letter name alphabetic stage ages 4 8 grades k to early 3
Letter Name-Alphabetic StageAges: 4--8 Grades: K to early 3

  • Students spell this way:

    M MN MIN = mine

    J JV JRF DRIV = drive

    T TP TEP = tip

    BK BAK = back

  • Activities:

    • comparing and contrasting initial and final consonant sounds through picture sorts

    • word banks develop sight-word vocabulary

    • hunt for words that begin or end the same

    • sort pictures and words to contrast single consonant sounds with consonant blends.


Within word pattern stage ages 6 12 grades 1 to mid 4
Within Word Pattern StageAges: 6 -12 Grades: 1 to mid-4

  • Students spell this way:

    Seet sete Crie cry

    Nale nail Fownd found

    Roap rope Bote bought

    Activities:

  • Sort pictures to contrast long and short vowels

  • Use teacher-made word sorts to examine long vowel patterns

  • Collect words in word study notebooks

  • Sort words by grammatical and semantic features

  • Conduct word hunts for specific long and complex vowel patterns

  • Play card games such as Homophone Rummy


Syllables and affixes stage ages 8 15 grades 3 to 8
Syllables and Affixes StageAges: 8 - 15 Grades: 3 to 8

students spell this way:

hopping confussun

atend plesur

capchur disposul

Activities:

  • Study consonant doubling, common suffixes, and past tense endings in sorts and word hunts

  • study common prefixes and suffixes

  • interrelate spelling and meaning in word study groups


How do we assess spelling
How do we assess spelling?

  • What rules and what sight words is the child using?

  • What is the child “using but confusing?”

  • What is absent?




The staple of word study sorting
The Staple of Word Study: Sorting

Why? Leads to discovery,and…

  • What we discover on our own is more

    enduring.

  • Concept Formation:

    • You give some words, children come up with the categories.

    • Children find words, come up with the rule.

  • Concept Attainment:

    • You demonstrate the categories, children infer

      from your categories what the rule is.



  • Questions
    Questions

    • When do we do Word Study?

    • What assessment/s will we use?

    • Do we want our word wall public or personal?

    • What structures & supplies will support us? Notebooks, folders

    • What dictionary skills are necessary?-- online and in hand

    • How can we differentiate?

    • What about Spanish word study?


    The diane snowball approach to word study
    The “Diane Snowball Approach to Word Study”

    :

    • Look At The Word(so hard that when you close your eyes you can still see the word

    • Say The Word

    • Spell The Word(Close Your Eyes – Let’s Spell Together)

    • Cover the Word (spell the word over and over again)

    • Write the Word (Get the White Boards, Markers – Open your eyes and write the word)

    • Check the word with your partner



    Teacher resources for word study

    Teacher Resources for Word Study

    http://www.wordcentral.com/ (links and activities)

    http://www.spellingtools.com/ (links, articles and activities)

    http://wwwfp.education.tas.gov.au/english/wordstudy.htm (links, articles and activities)

    http://www.theschoolbell.com/Links/word_walls/words.html (word wall ideas)

    http://davis.dadecountyschools.org/wordstudy/davis.htm (downloadable sorts)

    http://teachers.santee.k12.ca.us/Carl/word_way.htm (all kinds of word work, including downloadable sorts. Some great, some ok)

    http://www.canteach.ca/elementary/songspoems1.html

    http://www.poetry4kids.com/poem-60.html : Great selection of poems!!


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