bio serv n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
BIO-SERV PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
BIO-SERV

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

BIO-SERV - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 154 Views
  • Uploaded on

LAWTE MEETING 2009. BIO-SERV. ANIMAL RESEARCH DIETS. RODENT BEHAVIOR AND BREEDING TECHNIQUES. ENRICHMENT PRODUCTS. MEDICATED PRODUCTS. WHY ENRICHMENT?. ENRICHMENT. Fosters the expression of species specific behavior Improves animal welfare

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BIO-SERV' - azia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
bio serv

LAWTE MEETING 2009

BIO-SERV
  • ANIMAL RESEARCH DIETS
  • RODENT BEHAVIOR AND BREEDING TECHNIQUES
  • ENRICHMENT PRODUCTS
  • MEDICATED PRODUCTS
slide2
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

WHY ENRICHMENT?

enrichment
ENRICHMENT
  • Fosters the expression of species specific behavior
  • Improves animal welfare
  • Enhances psychological well being of animals in studies
  • CAN BE DONE WITHOUT PERTURBING RESEARCH
slide4

BROADENING YOUR EE

PROGRAM:

  • METHODS TO ALLEVIATE STRESS DURING DOSING
  • SOLUTIONS TO HELP THOSE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
  • ENRICHMENT DEVICES AS MORE THAN TOYS
  • EDIBLE TREATS AND THEIR BENEFITS

THINKING OUTSIDE THE CAGE

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide5

AN IDEAL EE PROGRAM:

  • Enhances physiological and
  • psychological well being of animals
  • Does not perturb research
  • Enrichment tools must be affordable, reusable and easy to sanitize

But why?

Less stress, Less stereo-typical behavior, Less variables.

A BETTER RESEARCH MODEL!

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

when considering enrichment devices what do we want to promote in the species
WHEN CONSIDERING ENRICHMENT DEVICES, WHAT DO WE WANT TO PROMOTE IN THE SPECIES?

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

species specific behavior
SPECIES SPECIFIC BEHAVIOR

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

why enrichment treats
WHY ENRICHMENT TREATS?

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

enrichment treats are used for
ENRICHMENT TREATS ARE USED FOR:
  • Behavioral studies
  • Picking/foraging
  • Positive reward for less desirable procedures
  • Stimulate appetite

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide10

ACCORDING TO NIH WHAT “FLAVOR” IS

DEEMED A RODENT’S

FAVORITE FLAVOR?

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide11

BACON

WHERE'S THE BACON??

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide12

WHAT IS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON POST SURGICAL

PROBLEM THE ANIMAL CARE

STAFF NEEDS TO BE AWARE OF ?

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide13

DEHYDRATION

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide14

Special Diets

  • NUTRA GEL
  • BACON SOFTIES
  • TRANSGENIC DOUGH
  • LIQUID RODENT DIETS

GENERALIZED ILLNESS

DENTAL PROBLEMS

PHYSICAL OR NEUROLOGICAL IMPAIRMENTS

STIMULATE APPETITE

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide16

Environmental Enrichment for Laboratory Animals (2-Apr-2004)

K. L. Stewart1 and K. Bayne2

1Freimann Life Science Center, University of Notre Dame, 400 Freimann Life Science Center, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

2AAALAC International, Rockville, MD, USA.

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

what is stereotypic behavior
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

What is Stereotypic Behavior?
  • Defined as any ritualized, repetitive, idiosyncratic, behavior that appears to serve no function.

(Berkson, 1968)

rodents
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

RODENTS

Normal vs. Stereotypical Behavior

our challenge when caring for rodents
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

OUR CHALLENGE WHEN CARING FOR RODENTS

The Wild Mouse--naturally lives in a 80,000 sq. meter area

= 3.4 million shoe box cages*

*J Gardner May 2008 EE Extravaganza

Are territorial--enhanced when crowded

Are thigmotaxic--hug walls and are stressed in open spaces

64-68 degrees--mice are thermally distressed--huddle*

*Moberg 2000

Live in kin groups

Do best when they can choose a mate

*Drickamer 2003

slide20

WHAT DO RODENTS NEED?

SHELTER

OPPORTUNITY FOR NEST BUILDING

GNAWING

FORAGING

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

slide21
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

NAME SOME NEST BUILDING

ACTIVITIES*

*J GARNER MAY 2008 EE EXTRAVAGANZA

DIG/HOLLOW

HEAT MATERIAL

HOLLOW BURROW

SORT MATERIALS

EXPAND

WEAVE MATERIAL

rodent stereotypical behavior
BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

Rodent Stereotypical Behavior
  • Bar- Mouthing
  • Jumping
  • Back-flipping
  • Barbering
  • Twirling

Wurbel and Garner, 2002

rodent articles
Rodent Articles

Social Housing-

Whenever possible rodents should be housed socially in compatible groups- usually one male with several females is the most successful. Females can be kept with mice consisting of familiar animals (Woflensohn and Lloyd, 1998)

Singly housed animals show signs of impaired welfare and cause social isolation (Wurbel 2002)

Nesting Material

Mice use different types of nesting material depending upon the strain- shredded paper, paper towels, paper strips, commercial nesting fibers, wood shavings ect. (Olsson and Dahlborn, 2002)

rodent articles1
Rodent Articles

Cage Structures-

More controversial than nesting material.

Canadian Council on Animal Care (1993)- using cage structures for mice yielded equivocal results.

Leach (2000) found that providing structural enrichment to rats= increased exploratory behavior, less bar gnawing, less drinking behavior.

Shelters and complex cages may benefit some mice, can induce territoriality and become issues for others (Ollson and Dahlborn , 2002)

Providing shelters to mice showed positive effects on animal welfare and allow for mice easier

handling (Moons et al (2004)

hints for successful rodent breeding
HINTS FOR SUCCESSFUL RODENT BREEDING
  • Love Mash

Supreme Mini Treats

Sheltering--Igloos

Transitioning Diets--Bacon Softies

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

fertility
Fertility
  • LOVE MASH

-high fat diet -simple formula- cod liver oil base

-increases lactation/size of dam/size of pups up to 40%.

- give as supplement at cage level-not sole diet

-1-2 pieces per day from breeding through weaning

cannibalism
Cannibalism
  • CHOCOLATE MINI TREATS

-Dissuades dam from ingesting pups

after giving birth

-Once dam drops pups, give 1 treat

few times daily for few days

-9 times out of 10 dam eats

chocolate mini instead of pup

sheltering
Sheltering
  • Several sheltering options provided by Bio-Serv
  • -Bio-Huts-paper huts
  • -Pup Tents
  • -Igloos
igloo study
Igloo Study
  • •Study at Mass General
  • -performed on over 2000 breeder cages
  • -igloos and nestlets in each cage
  • -Results: 50% of dams kept pups in nestlets, 50% in igloos. Regardless, if igloo was present in the cage- 76% increase in pup survival rate.
  • -Found that if dams kept pups in nestlets, positioned igloos to move airflow away from pups= decrease in physiologic stress. If used igloos, decreased stress of the dam by using igloo floors and decreasing contamination and stress of the dam.
there is none
THERE IS NONE!
  • WE HAVE COME A LONG WAY
  • MORE RESEARCH NEEDED
  • NO ONE SIZE FITS ALL
  • KNOW YOUR ANIMAL(S)
  • KEEP THE SPECIES IN MIND VERSUS HUMAN CONVENIENCES

BIO-SERV

“YOUR ONE SOURCE”

questions discussion
QUESTIONS/DISCUSSION

ANY QUESTIONS??