conjugations of latin verbs n.
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Conjugations of Latin Verbs. Principle Parts. Almost every verb has 4 principle parts The 1 st principle part is the first person of the present tense The 2 nd principle part is the infinitive which is used for the present, imperfect, and future tenses

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principle parts
Principle Parts
  • Almost every verb has 4 principle parts
  • The 1stprinciple part is the first person of the present tense
  • The 2nd principle part is the infinitive which is used for the present, imperfect, and future tenses
  • The 3rd principle part is used for the perfect, pluperfect and future perfect tenses
  • The 4th principal part is used for the passive voice & participles
general rules for conjugating
General Rules for Conjugating
  • For the present, imperfect, and future tense you use the infinitive of the verb.
    • You take off the –re and add the specific ending for each tense.
  • For the perfect, pluperfect, & future perfect tenses you use the third principle part of the verb.
    • -You take off the –i & add the specific ending for each tense.
conjugations
Conjugations
  • There are 4 conjugations of Latin verbs

1st2nd 3rd 4th

-are -ēre -ere -ire

tenses
Tenses
  • There are 6 verb tenses in Latin:

-Present -Perfect

-Imperfect -Pluperfect

-Future -Future Perfect

  • Each tense has its own endings
present tense
Present Tense
  • The present tense is used to describe what is going on or what is happening now.
  • endings:

-o or m -mus

-s -tis

-t -nt

imperfect tense
Imperfect Tense
  • The imperfect tense is used to tell about an action that occurs in the past or went on for a long time.
  • The endings are:
    • bam -bamus
    • bas -batis
    • bat -bant
future tense
Future Tense
  • The future tense is used to tell what will or is going to happen.
  • The future tense also has two sets of ending.
  • The endings for 1st and 2nd conjugations are:
    • bo -bimus
    • bis -bitis
    • bit -bunt
future tense continued
Future Tense Continued
  • The other set of endings is used for the 3rd and 4th conjugations.
  • Those endings are:
    • am -emus
    • es -etis
    • et -ent
    • REMEMBER – BO, BI, BU for 1 & 2, A & E for 4 & 3
perfect tense
Perfect Tense
  • The perfect tense is used to tell about a completed action or what has happened.
  • The endings are:
    • i -imus
    • isti -istis
    • it -erunt
pluperfect tense
Pluperfect Tense
  • The pluperfect tense is used to tell about an action that occurred before the perfect tense or what had happened.
  • The endings are:
    • eram -eramus
    • eras -eratis
    • erat -erant
future perfect tense
Future Perfect Tense
  • The future perfect tense is used with conditional phrases, clauses with if, and tells what will have happened
  • The endings are:
    • ero -erimus
    • eris -eritis
    • erit -erint
1 st conjugation
1St Conjugation

Amo, amare, amavi, amatus = To love

Imperfect

amabam amabamus

amabas amabatis

amabat amabant

Present

amo amamus

amas amatis

amat amant

Future

amabo amabimus

amabis amabitis

amabit amabunt

1 st continued
1st Continued

Perfect

amavi amavimus

amavisti amavistis

amavit amaverunt

Pluperfect

amaveram amaveramus

amaveras amaveratis

amaverat amaverant

Future Perfect

amavero amaverimus

amaveris amaveritis

amaverit amaverint

2 nd conjugation
2nd Conjugation

Maneo, manēre, mansi, mansurus = To remain, stay, wait

Imperfect

manebam manebamus

manebas manebatis

manebat manebant

Present

maneo manemus

manes manetis

manet manent

Future

manebo manebimus

manebis manebitis

manebit manebunt

2 nd continued
2nd Continued

Perfect

mansi mansimus

mansisti mansistis

mansit manserunt

Pluperfect

manseram manseramus

manseras manseratis

manserat manserant

Future Perfect

mansero manserimus

manseris manseritis

manserit manserint

3 rd conjugation
3rd Conjugation
  • There are regular 3rd conjugation verbs and 3rd –io.
  • For all third conjugation verbs instead of only taking off the –re and adding the endings for the present tense you have to change the e to an i.
  • For the rest of the tenses the rules are the same but for the 3rd –io you put an i before the e in the imperfect and future tenses.
  • Also in the 3rd person plural form of the present tense the i changes to an u.
3 rd conjugation regular
3rd Conjugation (regular)

Cado, cadere, cecidi, casurus = To fall

Imperfect

cadebam cadebamus

cadebas cadebatis

cadebat cadebant

Present

cado cadimus

cadis caditis

cadit cadunt

Future

cadam cademus

cades cadetis

cadet cadent

3 rd conjugation regular1
3rd Conjugation (regular)…

Perfect

cecidi cecidimus

cecidisti cecidistis

cecidit ceciderunt

Pluperfect

cecideram cecideramus

cecideras cecideratis

ceciderat ceciderant

Future Perfect

cecidero ceciderimus

cecideris cecideritis

ceciderit ceciderint

3 rd conjugation io
3rd Conjugation (-io)

Facio, facere, feci, factus = To make, do

Imperfect

faciebam faciebamus

faciebas faciebatis

faciebat faciebant

Present

facio facimus

facis facitis

facit faciunt

Future

faciam faciemus

facies facietis

faciet facient

3 rd conjugation io1
3rd Conjugation (-io)…

Perfect

feci fecimus

fecisti fecistis

fecit fecerunt

Pluperfect

feceram feceramus

feceras feceratis

fecerat fecerant

Future Perfect

fecero fecerimus

feceris feceritis

fecerit fecerint

4 th conjugation
4th Conjugation

Dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormiturus= To sleep

Imperfect

dormiebam dormiebamus

dormiebas dormiebatis

dormiebat dormiebant

Present

dormio dormimus

dormis dormitis

dormit dormiunt

Future

dormiam dormiemus

dormies dormietis

dormiet dormient

4 th conjugation continued
4th Conjugation Continued

Perfect

dormivi dormivimus

dormivisti dormivistis

dormivit dormiverunt

Pluperfect

dormiveram dormiveramus

dormiveras dormiveratis

dormiverat dormiverant

Future Perfect

dormivero dormiverimus

dormiveris dormniveritis

dormiverit dormiverint

irregular verbs
Irregular Verbs
  • Along with regular verbs there are also irregular verbs in Latin.
  • They have their own endings and have a special ways of being conjugated.
  • The six verbs that will be conjugated are esse, posse, velle, nolle, ferre, and ire.
sum esse fui futurus to be
Sum, esse, fui, futurus-to be

Imperfect

eram eramus

eras eratis

erat erant

Future

ero erimus

eris eritis

erit erunt

Present

sum sumus

es estis

est sunt

Perfect

fui fuimus

fuisti fuistis

fuit fuerunt

Future Perfect

fuero fuerimus

fueris fueritis

fuerit fuerint

Pluperfect

fueram fueramus

fueras fueratis

fuerat fuerant

possum posse potui to be able
Possum, posse, potui- to be able

This verb is just like esse only there must be a pot before the e and pos before the s.

Present

possum possumus

potes potestis

potest possunt

Imperfect

poteram poteramus

poteras poteratis

poterat poterant

Future

potero poterimus

poteris poteritis

poterit poterunt

possum posse potui to be able1
Possum, posse, potui- to be able…

Pluperfect

potueram potueramus potueras potueratis

potuerat potuerant

Perfect

potui potuimus

potuisti potuistis

potuit potuerunt

Future Perfect

potuero potuerimus

potueris potueritis

potuerit potuerint

volo velle volui to want nolo nolle nolui to not want
Volo, velle, volui- to want Nolo, nolle, nolui- to not want

Imperfect

volebam volebamus

volebas volebatis

volebat volebant

Present

volo volumus

vis vultis

vult volunt

  • These two verbs conjugated the same way.

Future

volam volemus

voles voletis

volet volent

Imperfect

nolebam nolebamus

nolebas nolebatis

nolebat nolebant

Present

nolo nolumus

non vis non vultis

non vult nolunt

Future

nolam nolemus

noles noletis

nolet nolent

volo velle volui to want nolo nolle nolui to not want1
Volo, velle, volui- to want Nolo, nolle, nolui- to not want…

Future Perfect

voluero voluerimus

volueris volueritis

voluerit voluerint

Pluperfect

volueram volueramus volueras volueratis

voluerat volueratis

Perfect

volui voluimus

voluisti voluistis

voluit voluerunt

Perfect

nolui noluimus

noluisti noluistis

noluit noluerunt

Pluperfect

nolueram nolueramus nolueras nolueratis

noluerat nolueratis

Future Perfect

noluero noluerimus

nolueris nolueritis

noluerit noluerint

fero ferre tuli latus to bring carry
Fero, ferre, tuli, latus- to bring, carry

Present

fero ferimus

fers fertis

fert ferunt

Imperfect

ferebam ferebamus

ferebas ferebatis

ferebat ferebant

Future

feram feremus

feres feretis

feret ferent

fero ferre tuli latus
Fero, ferre, tuli, latus…

Perfect

tuli tulimus

tulisti tulistis

tulit tulerunt

Pluperfect

tuleram tuleramus tuleras tuleratis

tulerat tulerant

Future Perfect

tulero tulerimus

tuleris tuleritis

tulerit tulerint

eo ire ivi iturus to go
Eo, ire, ivi, iturusTo go

Present

eo imus

is itis

it eunt

Imperfect

ibam ibamus

ibas ibatis

ibat ibant

Future

ibo ibimus

ibis ibitis

ibit ibunt

eo ire ivi iturus
Eo, ire, ivi, iturus…

Perfect

ivi ivimus

ivisti ivistis

ivit iverunt

Pluperfect

iveram iveramus iveras iveratis

iverat iverant

Future Perfect

ivero iverimus

iveris iveritis

iverit iverint