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POETRY TERMS. PLEASE TAKE NOTES AS YOU FOLLOW ALONG. ACROSTIC. VISUAL POEM THAT SHOWS A WORD GOING VERTICALLY DOWN, THE PHRASES OR SENTENCES COMING OUT OF THE LETTER ARE HORIZONTAL. ALLITERATION. REPETITION OF THE SAME SOUNDS WITHIN WORDS THAT ARE CLOSE TOGETHER. ASSONANCE.

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poetry terms
POETRY TERMS
  • PLEASE TAKE NOTES AS YOU FOLLOW ALONG.
acrostic

ACROSTIC

VISUAL POEM THAT SHOWS A WORD GOING VERTICALLY DOWN, THE PHRASES OR SENTENCES COMING OUT OF THE LETTER ARE HORIZONTAL

alliteration
ALLITERATION

REPETITION OF THE SAME SOUNDS WITHIN WORDS THAT ARE CLOSE TOGETHER

assonance
ASSONANCE

REPETITION OF VOWEL SOUNDS WITHIN WORDS

ballad
BALLAD

A SONG LIKE POEM THAT TELLS A STORY, OFTEN ONE DEALING WITH ADVENTURE AND ROMANCE

cinquain
CINQUAIN

POEM WITH 5 LINES

concrete
CONCRETE

A POEM WHOSE SHAPE RESEMBLES THE OBJECT IT DESCRIBES

couplet
COUPLET

A POEM WITH 2 RHYMING LINES

diamonte
DIAMONTE

A POEM THAT TAKES A “DIAMOND” SHAPE, USES A PARTICULAR LENGTH OF WORDS

elegy
ELEGY

A SOLEMN AND FORMAL LYRIC POEM ABOUT DEATH

end rhyme
END RHYME

WORDS THAT RHYME AT THE END OF A LINE OF POETRY

slide12
EPIC

A LONG NARRATIVE POEM

epithet
EPITHET

A PHRASE THAT POINTS OUT A NOTABLE CHARACTERISTIC OF A PERSON OR OBJECT

figurative language
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

WORDS OR PHRASES USED IN SUCH A WAY AS TO SUGGEST MORE THAN THEIR USUAL MEANING

free verse
FREE VERSE

POETRY THAT IS “FREE” OF TRADITIONAL STRUCTURE

haiku
HAIKU

3 LINE JAPANESE POEM WITH 17 SYLLABLES, WRITTEN MOSTLY ABOUT NATURE

heptastich
HEPTASTICH

7 LINED POEM

hyperbole
HYPERBOLE

FIGURE OF SPEECH THAT EXAGGERATES THE TRUTH TO EMPHASIZE AN IDEA OR FEELING

imagery
IMAGERY

WORDS OR PHRASES THAT APPEAL TO ONE OR MORE OF THE FIVE SENSES

limerick
LIMERICK

A SHORT HUMOROUS POEM FROM IRELAND WITH 5 LINES RHYMED (AABBA)

lyric
LYRIC

A POEM THAT HAS A SINGLE SPEAKER AND EXPRESSES A DEEP EMOTION, OFTEN HAVING A MUSICAL QUALITY

metaphor
METAPHOR

A FIGURE OF SPEECH IN WHICH ONE THING IS SPOKEN ABOUT AS IF IT WERE ANOTHER, UNLIKE THING

slide23
MOOD

FEELINGS OR MEANING CONVEYED IN THE POEM

narrative poem
NARRATIVE POEM

TELLS A STORY

octet
OCTET

8 LINED POEM

slide26
ODE

A SINGLE UNIFIED VERSE THAT HAS A SINGLE PURPOSE AND A SINGLE THEME

onomatopoeia
ONOMATOPOEIA

THE USE OF WORDS WHOSE SOUNDS IMITATE OR SUGGEST THEIR MEANING (CRASH, BUZZ, HISS)

personification
PERSONIFICATION

A FIGURE OF SPEECH IN WHICH AN ANIMAL OR AN OBJECT IS GIVEN HUMAN QUALITIES

quatrain
QUATRAIN

4 LINED POEM

refrain
REFRAIN

ONE OR MORE LINES THAT ARE REPEATED IN A POEM OR SONG

repetition
REPETITION

THE USE OF A SOUND, WORD, PHRASE, LINE OR STANZA THAT IS REPEATED TWO OR MORE TIMES IN A POEM

rhyme scheme
RHYME SCHEME

THE PATTERN OF END RHYME IN A POEM

rhythm
RHYTHM

THE PATTERN OF STRESSED AND UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES IN A POEM

sensory language
SENSORY LANGUAGE

DESCRIBES SIGHTS, SOUNDS, SMELLS, TASTES, AND TOUCH

sestet
SESTET

6 LINED POEM

simile
SIMILE

COMPARES TWO UNLIKE THINGS, USING THE WORDS

(LIKE, AS, APPEAR, SEEM)

sonnet
SONNET

14 LINE POEM WITH A FIXED PATTERN OF RHYTHM AND FOLLOWS A RHYME SCHEME

speaker
SPEAKER

CHARACTER OR VOICE ASSUMED BY THE WRITER

stanza
STANZA

A GROUP OF LINES IN A POEM

symbol
SYMBOL

A PERSON, PLACE, OR THING THAT STANDS FOR SOMETHING ELSE

tercet
TERCET

3 LINED POEM

theme
THEME

MESSAGE THAT THE AUTHOR CONVEYS IN A POEM

slide43
TONE

WRITER’S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE SUBJECT AND/OR AUDIENCE