Fitness 104 Goals • To increase muscular strength through a variety of new, full body exercises • To explain the development of weightlifting as an Olympic Sport • To understand Olympic Weightlifting and identify a variety Olympic lifts used in competition
History of Weightlifting in the Olympics • The first Olympics were held in 1896. • Weightlifting was part of the “Field” events categorized under “Track and Field”, meaning it was not it’s own event. • There were 2 categories: One-handed lifts and Two-handed lifts.
1896 Gold Medal Winners… One-Handed Two-Handed Launceston Elliot 71 Kg (156.5 lbs) Viggo Jensen 111.5 Kg (246 lbs)
History continued… • In 1920, in Antwerp, Belgium, Weightlifting became an official Olympic Event • Events: • ‘One-Hand’ Snatch • ‘One-Hand’ Clean and Jerk • ‘Two-Hands’ Clean and Jerk Only 14 Total Nations Competed
History continued… • In 1928, Weightlifting dropped one-hand exercises altogether, leaving only: • The Clean and Press • The Snatch • The Clean and Jerk By 1972, the Clean and Press was eliminated, and what was left is what is still used in today’s Olympics: The Snatch , Clean and Jerk, and the Hang Cleans
Weight Classes… • Before 1932, athletes of all sizes and weights competed in just one single weight class. But for the 1932 Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, 5 weight classes were added. • Today, 7 weight classes exist for Olympic competition.
Gender in Competition • In 2000, at the Olympic Games in Sydney Australia, Women were first allowed to compete.
Women’s Gold Winner, London 2012 Olympics Wang Mingjuan 48 Kg Class (105lbs) Snatch: 91Kg (200lbs) Clean and Jerk: 114Kg (251 lbs) Total: 205Kg (451 lbs) China
Women’s Gold Winner, London 2012 Olympics Zhou Lulu 75+ Kg Class (286lbs) Snatch: 146Kg (322lbs) Clean and Jerk: 187Kg (412lbs) Total: 333Kg (734lbs) China
Men’s Gold Winner, London 2012 Olympics Om Yun-Chol 56 Kg Class (123lbs) Snatch: 125Kg (276lbs) Clean and Jerk: 168Kg (370lbs) Total: 293Kg (646lbs) North Korea
Men’s Gold Winner, London 2012 Olympics BehdadSalimi 105+ Kg Class (370lbs) Snatch: 208Kg (459lbs) Clean and Jerk: 247Kg (545lbs) Total: 455Kg (1,003lbs) Iran
Snatch • The first lift of an Olympic Competition and must be performed first to qualify for scoring • The essence of the event is to lift a barbell from the platform to locked arms overhead in a smooth continuous movement • Learn how to • correctly perform…
The Clean and Jerk • The second of the Olympic lifts and must be performed second in order to qualify for scoring • The clean portion consists of the lifter moving a weighted barbell from the floor to a racked position across deltoids and clavicles. The jerk portion involves lifting the weight above the head until the arms are straight and the bar is stationary. • Learn how to perform correctly…
Hang Cleans • A variant of the Clean and Jerk, it begins with the barbell off the ground and arms hanging down, then, the bar is lifted to the clean position • Let’s see how to correctly demonstrate… 2 Types: Static(stationary, still) Dynamic(rocking motion)
Power Cleans • Refers to any variant of the clean in which the lifter does not catch the bar in a full squat position • Power originates from the floor as the lifter generates power by jumping • Let’s view a correct demonstration…
Similarities and Differences • What similarities did you observe between the Hang Cleans and the Power Cleans? • What is different between the Hang Cleans and the Clean and Jerk? • Why might someone who is lifting just for fitness use these lifts?
2012 London Coverage • Let’s view some of the Women’s coverage Let’s view some Men’s coverage Questions: • What exercise were the women performing? • What exercise were the men performing? • How can you tell the difference? • What similarities are there in the two? • The first movement in an Olympic lift is? • Where is the bar located for the squat portion of these lifts?
Fitness 104 Testing • You will be asked to correctly execute one of the following for a grade: -Snatch -Power Clean -Hang Clean -Clean and Jerk You will have a written test on this information at the end of the week