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Measure, Monitor, Minimise: Energising Travel Plans for Climate Change. Dr Debbie Walker JMP Consultants. Our Atmosphere. The GHGs. IPCC. 200+ scientists worldwide Most comprehensive review of all published works

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Measure monitor minimise energising travel plans for climate change

Measure, Monitor, Minimise: Energising Travel Plans for Climate Change

Dr Debbie Walker

JMP Consultants


  • 200+ scientists worldwide

  • Most comprehensive review of all published works

  • ‘Very likely’ – 90% certainty – increase in temperature is due to manmade CO2

  • >1oC locked in since Industrial Revolution

  • IPCC work defines all international frameworks

    • Kyoto Protocol

    • UN agreement to prevent ‘dangerous’ climate change

      • Below 2oC, includes China and the US

At 2 o c
At 2oC…

  • Kilimanjaro loses all snow, rendering Africa snow free for first time in 11,000 years

  • Most of Great Barrier Reef will be dead

  • Every summer will be like 2003 – when 30,000 died of heatstroke – what about extremes?

  • Greenland’s ice sheet will melt completely, a 1m rise in sea level for UK

  • Arctic sea ice will be negligible, polar bears facing extinction

  • Catastrophic collapse of agriculture in China, India, N. America

  • Non-linear feedback mechanisms…?

0 5 o c gloucestershire summer 2007
0.5OC, Gloucestershire, Summer 2007

Stern warnings
Stern Warnings

  • Climate Change is the greatest and widest-ranging market failure ever seen.

  • Our actions over the coming few decades could create risks of major disruption to economic and social activity, later in this century and in the next, on a scale similar to those associated with the great wars and the economic depression of the first half of the 20th century.

  • ‘The Economics of Climate Change’

  • Sir Nicolas Stern (October 2006)

And transport
And Transport?

  • Deep emissions cuts will be required in the transport sector. Large-scale uptake of a range of clean transport technologies is likely to be more difficult in the shorter term, but will ultimately be needed.

  • ‘The Economics of Climate Change’

  • Sir Nicolas Stern (October 2006)

Transport s share
Transport’s Share

  • 28% of total CO2e in 2006 (22% from road transport)

Not just co 2
Not just CO2…

  • >200 LAs have declared AQMAs

  • 95% due to NO2, PM10, i.e. road traffic

  • Most of TRN within AQMA

  • 40,000 premature deaths a year

  • Increases in childhood asthma

  • Pollution worst in deprived areas, poor Quality of Life

  • UK will not meet EU targets for NO2 set for 2010

  • Legal ramifications? Judicial review?

Transport policy
Transport Policy

  • DfT has four key policy areas:

    • Reduce fossil carbon content of fuel

    • Increase fuel efficiency

    • Encourage a move towards more environmentally sustainable forms of transport

    • Work towards inclusion of transport in the Emissions Trading Scheme

What is an organisation s carbon footprint
What is an organisation’s Carbon Footprint?

  • The WBCSD / WRI GHG Accounting Protocol:

    • a ‘basket’ of greenhouse gases

    • both direct and indirect scopes for reporting

Travel an important source
Travel – An Important Source!

  • Replacing a 60W bulb for energy efficient:

    • saves ~ 80 kgCO2 a year

  • Single flight EDI – LHR:

    • releases ~ 80 kgCO2 per passenger


Transport scotland travel plan
Transport Scotland Travel Plan

  • First carbon-focussed Travel Plan

  • Aspiration:

  • ‘To measure, monitor and minimise the greenhouse gas emissions arising from travel of TS employees’

  • Ethos:

  • ‘The greenest mile is the mile not travelled’

  • ‘Travel Carbon Footprint’ used to set targets and actions

  • Targets are purely carbon savings

  • Actions are defined to achieve the biggest carbon savings

    • 35,000 kgCO2 reduction over two years

Footprinting example the commute
Footprinting Example: The Commute

  • Undertook staff travel survey November 2006

  • Established journey details for each staff member

  • Established the carbon emission arising

  • Multiplied journeys to reflect annual impact

Mode Split

CO2 Split

The future
The Future

  • Monitoring Strategy: annual surveys and footprint

  • Evolution of Actions and Targets

  • Annual Reporting

  • Business unit carbon challenge?

  • Individual carbon challenge?

  • TS influence over TPs requested through development planning

Yearly Emissions from Travel Information

A new carbon footprinting tool for Travel Plans


  • Yearly Emissions from Travel Information

  • Freely available for anyone to use

  • Simple registration, with online toolkit or JMP support

  • Fully automates the carbon footprinting process

  • For commute, travel surveys are completed online

  • For business travel, data files uploaded

  • Reports show breakdown of CO2 (or £!) by:

    • Mode

    • Common journey

    • Individual

    • …?

  • Measure. Monitor. Minimise.

  • The new approach to Travel Plans.