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RESILIENT CITIES 2012 3 RD GLOBAL FORUM ON URBAN RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION. URBAN RISK FORUM MAKATI CITY: FACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCE ATTY. VIOLETA SOMERA SEVA Senior Advisor City Government of Makati, Philippines 16 May 2012 Bonn, Germany. EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION

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RESILIENT CITIES 2012 3 RD GLOBAL FORUM ON URBAN RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION


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    1. RESILIENT CITIES 2012 3RD GLOBAL FORUM ON URBAN RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION URBAN RISK FORUMMAKATI CITY: FACING RISKSAND INCREASING RESILIENCEATTY. VIOLETA SOMERA SEVASenior AdvisorCity Government of Makati, Philippines16 May 2012Bonn, Germany

    2. EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION • Unmanaged Development • Urban Sprawl • Unsustainable Population Growth • PULL-FACTOR OF CITIES • Employment Opportunities • Better Services Delivery • Fast-paced Urban Lifestyle CITIESROLE OF CITIES

    3. RISKSCATEGORIES OF RISKS Source: Global Risk Report 2012

    4. RISKSCENTRES OF GRAVITY Source: Global Risk Report 2012

    5. WEAK GOVERNANCE LEADS TO: • Poor service delivery • Mismanagement of land and water resources • Food and water supply shortage • Lack of coherence between policy and planning • Inadequate investments • Failure to address the effects of climate change GOVERNANCEINFLUENCING ALL OTHER RISKS

    6. Land Area: 27.36 sq. kms. • Population: • Night time: 510,383 • Day time: 3.7 million • 2 Congressional Districts • 33 Barangays (Communities) • One out of 17 LGUs in Metro Manila (National Capital Region) MAKATI CITYTHE FINANCIAL CAPITAL OF THE PHILIPPINES

    7. 40% of the Top 1,000 Highest Earning, Most Profitable & Largest Corporations • 60,551 Business Establishments • 56 Embassies • 34 Consulates MAKATI CITYTHE FINANCIAL CAPITAL OF THE PHILIPPINES

    8. EARTHQUAKE PRONE • Presence of the West Valley Fault • FLOOD PRONE • Low-lying areas near the Pasig River • LANDSLIDE PRONE • LIQUEFACTION PRONE MAKATI CITYRISK PROFILE MAKATI CITY ORTHOPHOTO Source: MMEIRS 2004

    9. MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    10. STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY • Special Bodies For Environment And Disaster Risk Management: • Makati Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council • Makati City Environmental Protection Council • Clean and Green Committee • Clean Cities Makati Coalition • Makati Solid Waste Management Board • Makati Health Council • Child Protection Council • Peace and Order Council • Makati Business Development Council • Makati Rescue • Makati Command, Control and Communication Center MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    11. STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY • Established the Makati DRRM Council, religiously complying with its provision on the Local DRRM Fund allocation and utilization pursuant to RA 10121. MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    12. STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM AND CAPACITY • Partnering with different local and international agencies who provide technical assistance and promote DRR-CCA advocacies through capacity-building programs and various media • Funded by the World Bank Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, Makati engages in a City-to-City Sharing Initiative with Quito, Ecuador and Kathmandu, Nepal with the goal of exchanging sound practices on emergency management, risk-sensitive land use planning and public awareness strategies for DRR MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    13. MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS • Updating of the comprehensive land use plan and comprehensive development plan to include climate change and disaster-risk considerations • Converting the City’s Environment Managemement Plan into a Climate Change Action Plan MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    14. MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS • Programs and Activities: • City-Wide tree Planting • Revenue-generating waste recovery initiatives under the city’s Solid Waste Management Program • Accounting of GHG emission with USAID • Dreamland Relocation Project with GawadKalinga MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    15. MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS • Programs and Activities: • Makati Transport Strategies • E-Jeepneys • Pedestrianization of the CBD • Makati Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System • LED Traffic Lights • Makati Waterways Management Plan • cleaning up of creeks and waterways to prevent flooding MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY Elevated Walkways

    16. MAINSTREAMING DRR AND CCA IN OUR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS • Programs and Activities: • MAKATI RISK-SENSITIVE URBAN REDEVELOPMENT PROJECT • aims at transforming a highly vulnerable barangay into a disaster-resilient community. • CREATION OF THE GREEN URBAN DESIGN CENTER • Aims to bring the concepts of green building and sustainable urban governance at the grassroots level as it targets barangays, the smallest unit of government in the country Fault Zone Development MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    17. INTENSIFYING OUR SOFTSCAPE ACTIVITIES, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND BASE INFORMATION COLLECTION, FOR PLANNING PURPOSES • MRSURP had enabled the City to gather basic physical risk and socio-economic vulnerability information of the pilot barangay through town-watching activities and survey administration • Localized hazard maps at the city level using the Geographic Information System of the city. • Developing a GIS Atlas of risks and hazards MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    18. INTENSIFYING OUR SOFTSCAPE ACTIVITIES, VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND BASE INFORMATION COLLECTION, FOR PLANNING PURPOSES • Assessment of the City’s resiliency on climate-induced disasters in terms of its physical, natural, economic, social and institutional capacities and capabilities, as the identified 5-dimensional framework of the Climate and Disaster Resilience Initiative. • Conducted together with Kyoto University and Citynet MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    19. COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IS ESSENTIAL • Community participation in planning and implementation of programmes and projects • Capacity building activities at the commuinity level • IEC on DRM and social/economic /cultural projects MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    20. MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    21. ISSUES AND CHALLENGES • Social and economic challenges • Job creation • Poverty alleviation • Environmental • Regulation and enforcement issues • Building codes, environment codes, structural codes, fire safety codes, etc. • Limitations to capacity • Human and technical resources • Funding • ISSUES NEEDING INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION AND DISCUSSION IN THE AREA OF URBAN RISK • Some of the risks (i.e. terrorism, increase in energy prices, unmanageable inflation and cyber attacks) are beyond the scope of cities and will need the intervention at the national and international level. • Further knowledge on new risks, particularly on those that are categorized as technological, are needed to be able to determine how they can be addressed by cities and concerned organizations. MAKATI CITYFACING RISKS AND INCREASING RESILIENCY

    22. Understanding and communicating the risks to decision-makers and the community should still be the priority, by effectively cascading the knowledge and tools. • Radical reforms in planning are required. Participatory planning, with more good balance of input by experts and communities and engagement with multilevel actors, will ensure that the vision of all stakeholders are considered. • There is a need to create and strengthen linkages between local, national, regional and global levels for cities to be able to receive the necessary support they need to carry out their resiliency initiatives. • Cities may be seen as vulnerable to risks or as the perpetrators of risks, but if cities are well-managed through a risk-based approach, they have the potential to be strong drivers of positive change. CONCLUSIONCITIES AT RISK…CITIES AS RISKS

    23. RISK BASED GOOD URBAN GOVERNANCE IS THE CENTERPIECE FOR MAKING CITIES RESILIENT Thank you