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LUCERNE -ALFALFA. (Medicago sativa L.) Leguminosae family Originated in Iran from where it traveled to Arab countries where it was called alfalfa …. Meaning the best fodder Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called lucerne.

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lucerne alfalfa
LUCERNE -ALFALFA
  • (Medicago sativa L.)
  • Leguminosae family
  • Originated in Iran from where it traveled to Arab countries where it was called alfalfa ….
  • Meaning the best fodder
  • Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called lucerne
slide2
Then it speard in 1650 A.D. from england to North America and new Zealand
  • And then in next 100 years it become a popular fodder through out the world.
  • Lucerne is multicut , perennial ,legume forage crop
  • Known as queen of fodders
  • Proteins 18 percent
  • Carbohydrates 11percent
  • Fat 8 percent
slide3
Provides green fodder throughout the year especially during the fodder scarcity
  • May – june and oct- nov
slide4
CLIMATE AND SOIL
  • Well adapted to wide range of climatic and soil conditions
  • Best under low rainfall and high sunshine
  • Grows well in dry climate on deep well drained loamy soil
  • pH 6.5-7.0
  • Can tolerate extreme heat and cold
slide5
SEEDBED PREPARTION AND MANURING
  • Very good seed bed is required
  • 20-30 tonnes of FYM
  • Otherwise 2.5 bags of DAP per hectare are sufficient.
  • Every year after the monsoon season 2.5 bags of potash should be added
seed rate and sowing method
SEED RATE AND SOWING METHOD
  • Drill 15-20 kg per hectare seed in lines 45cm apart in good watter
slide7
SOWING TIME
  • Crop was sown between Oct 15 to Nov 15
  • IRRIGATION
  • Needs first irrigation 3 weeks after sowing
  • 15-20 days interval in winter
  • 10-15 days interval in summer
harvesting
Harvesting
  • Frist cutting should be taken three months after sowing
  • Later cuts may be taken after an interval of 5-6 weeks
  • Best time for cutting is when 10-20 percent flowers have emerged
  • On average six cuts per year, 100-120 tonnes green fodder obtained from one hectare
slide9
SEED PRODUCTION
  • Stop cutting after Feb.
  • At full blooming no irrigation should be done,
  • Other wise over growth may adversely affect seed yield
  • Crop is ready for harvest by the end of MAY and early JUNE
  • VARIETIES
  • Type-8
  • Type-9
  • Type 8x9 is a varietal mixture