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What’s the difference? Plant, animal, and bacterial cells. Dana Ethridge Anna Milstead Ashley Myers Ashlee Palermo. Objectives. Identify elements of eukaryotic cells Identify elements of prokaryotic cells. Compare plant cells to animal cells.

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what s the difference plant animal and bacterial cells
What’s the difference?Plant, animal, and bacterial cells

Dana Ethridge

Anna Milstead

Ashley Myers

Ashlee Palermo

objectives
Objectives
  • Identify elements of eukaryotic cells
  • Identify elements of prokaryotic cells.
  • Compare plant cells to animal cells.
  • Investigate the components of bacterial cells.
what s the difference
What’s the difference?
  • Living cells are divided into two types:
    • Eukaryotic (Plant & Animal cells)
    • Prokaryotic (Bacteria)
eukaryotic
Eukaryotic
  • Eukaryotic
    • These cells tend to be larger than the cells of bacteria (prokaryotic)
    • Have a defined nucleus
    • Found in organisms made up of many cells
        • Example: Plant and Animal cells
  • Structure:
  • Cell Membrane
  • Cell Wall (plant cells only)
  • Centrosome
  • Centriole (animal cells only)
  • Chloroplast (plant cells only)
  • Cytoplasm
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Cytosol
  • Golgi
  • Lysosome
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Nucleolus
  • Peroxisome
  • Reticulum
  • Ribosomes
  • Rough Endoplasmic Secretory Vesicle
  • Smooth Endoplasmic
  • Vacuole
plant cell eukaryotic
Plant cell(eukaryotic)
  • Unique parts of the plant cell
    • Cell wall – a feature of plants cells that functions like stiff lattice-like wall which helps plant cells maintain their structure and shape
    • Chloroplast – a feature of plant cells that allows plants to do photosynthesis and make their own glucose from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide
animal cell eukaryotic
Animal cell(eukaryotic)
  • Unique parts of the animal cell
    • Centriole – a feature of animal cells important for coordinating cell division
prokaryotic
Prokaryotic
  • Prokaryotic
    • These cells are simple in structure
    • No structured nucleus
    • Exist as single-celled organisms
    • Bacteria is both helpful and harmful to us and the environment.
        • Example: Bacterial cells
  • Structure:
  • Capsule (bacterial cells only)
  • Cell wall
  • Chromosomes
  • Cytoplasm
  • Flagellum (bacterial cells only)
  • Inner membrane
  • Outer membrane
  • Pili (bacterial cells only)
  • Ribosomes
bacterial cell prokaryotic
Bacterial cell(prokaryotic)
  • Unique parts of the bacterial cell
    • Capsule - Protects the bacterial cell and serves as a barrier against phagocytosis by white blood cells.
    • Flagellum – “Mobility”. Flagella are long appendages which rotate by means of a "motor" located just under the cytoplasmic membrane. Bacteria may have one, a few, or many flagella in different positions on the cell.
    • Pili - These hollow, hair-like structures allow bacteria to attach to other cells.
objectives1
Objectives
  • Identify elements of eukaryotic cells
  • Identify elements of prokaryotic cells.
  • Compare plant cells to animal cells.
  • Investigate the components of bacterial cells.