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The management of asbestos dust control in China. Yuan Chunxian. Labor Protection Magazine China Academy for Safety Science and Technology (CASST). Contents. The asbestos resources of China Production of asbestos mineral in China Production of asbestos products in China

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the management of asbestos dust control in china
The management of

asbestos dust control in China

Yuan Chunxian

Labor Protection Magazine

China Academy for Safety Science and Technology (CASST)

contents
Contents
  • The asbestos resources of China
  • Production of asbestos mineral in China
  • Production of asbestos products in China
  • Laws and regulations related with

asbestos control in china

  • The measures of limit use asbestos in China
the asbestos resources of china
The asbestos resources of China
  • There is abundant asbestos mineral in China. 90 million tons mineral resources have been proven up in China.
  • About 90% asbestos resources centralize in the western areas.
the asbestos resources of china1
The asbestos resources of China
  • At present, there are about 28 mining areas have been exploiting all over the country, and 13 areas are large scale mines, which means there is abundant mineral resources in these mines.
  • these 28 mining areas hold the reserves 64 million tons at least, and there is 43 million tons reserves can be exploited.
production of asbestos mineral
Production of asbestos mineral

In the 1950s, the output of asbestos increased

Highly

During the earlier stage in the 1990s,the

output grows rapidly because of the great

market demand.

The output in 1996 is 440 000 tons.

About 350 000 tons in 2005.

In 2006,market supply is intending to be

the same with last year.

production of asbestos products
Production of asbestos products

Since the 1980s, the asbestos products

industry has been growing fast in China,

the scale of the enterprises and the output

are expanded rapidly.

At present ,there are nearly 1000 enter-

prises, and there are more than 1 million

people engaged in asbestos mining and pro-

ducts.

occupationl safety and health regulations in plant
Occupationl Safety and Health Regulations in Plant
  • Early in 1956,Chinese government promulgated the “Occupationl Safety and Health Regulations in Plant ".
occupationl safety and health regulations in plant1
Occupationl safety and Health Regulations in Plant
  • equipment which sends out dust, harmful steam and gas must be strictly closed, if necessary, it should install the ventilation equipment , the dust collector and the purification equipment.
  • If the technology condition permits , the dust work should operate under the wettish condition.
occupationl safety and health regulations in plant2
Occupationl safety and Health Regulations in Plant
  • The factory must offer the applicable dust proof mouth mask, protective glasses and gas mask to workers who engaged in dust, harmful steam and gas work.
diagnosis standard of asbestos lung
Diagnosis standard of asbestos lung
  • Chinese government issued the " diagnosis standard of asbestos lung " in 1960
  • This standard is the basic regulation according to which doctors can judge the asbestos lung.
the prevention and cure regulations on pneumoconiosis
The Prevention and Cure Regulations on Pneumoconiosis
  • in 1987, The Chinese State Council issued " The Prevention and Cure Regulations on Pneumoconiosis" .
  • The article 7 stipulated: all the enterprises with dust work should take measures to make the dust density not exceed the national sanitary standard.
the prevention and cure regulations on pneumoconiosis1
The Prevention and Cure Regulations on Pneumoconiosis

Enterprises must supply the individual protective articles for workers, set up strict management system, tell workers wear and use correctly

when Newly build , reconstruct , extend the engineering project, the equipment must be designed at the same time, constructed at the same time and gone into operation at the same time with the major project.

the prevention and cure regulations on pneumoconiosis2
The Prevention and Cure Regulations on Pneumoconiosis

workers have the right to refuse operating when the dust density exceeds the national sanitary standard

the law on prevention and cure of occupational disease
The law on prevention and cure of occupational disease
  • on October 27 , 2001, Chinese government issued" the Law on Prevention and Cure of Occupational Disease "
  • The asbestos pneumoconiosis is included in the legal occupational disease list.
the law on prevention and cure of occupational disease1
The law on prevention and cure of occupational disease

the occupational disease patients including pneumoconiosis patients can receive free medical treatment . the expenses are paid by the insurance fund of the occupational injury.

national standard of occupational sanitary gbz2 2002
National Standard of Occupational Sanitary (GBZ2-2002 )
  • In the asbestos mine and asbestos products enterprises, the dust density can't exceed 0.8f/ml in the workplace.
insurance regulations of the occupational injury
Insurance Regulations of the Occupational Injury
  • On April 16 , 2003, the State Council issued the " Insurance Regulations of the Occupational Injury ".
  • the regulation stipulates various treatment and various rights and interests enjoyed by occupational disease patients
the occupational hygiene regulation on asbestos work
the Occupational Hygiene Regulation on Asbestos Work
  • The enterprises must gradually reduce the output of asbestos and asbestos products
  • To encourage enterprises to substitute the asbestos materials and the asbestos products with the new technique and new materials 。
the occupational hygiene regulation on asbestos work1
the Occupational Hygiene Regulation on Asbestos Work
  • Completely forbid exploiting , processing and using crocidolite and its products
  • Chrysotile must be utilized safe and rationally;
  • The enterprises must process the asbestos waste in the assigned location, and should bury under the depth of 20 to 25cm.
the measures of limit use asbestos in china
The Measures of Limit Use Asbestos in China
  • The state limit enterprises use not advanced technology, harmful raw materials, and encourage using the harmless materials and non-toxic materials.
  • The government take measures gradually to close the small scale asbestos mines.
the measures of limit use asbestos in china1
The measures of limit use asbestos in china
  • the State announced the stop-producing products catalogue in 2001 for the sake of safety and environment, the asbestos products are listed.
  • Since October, 2003, the automobile-used friction materials already forbidden to use asbestos.
the measures of limit use asbestos in china2
The measures of limit use asbestos in china
  • since January of 2004, asbestos products have been forbidden in all construction enterprises in Beijing.
slide24

Labor Protection Magazine

China Academy for Safety Sciences & Technologies

Yuan Chunxian

phone: 8610-6496-1757fax: 8610-6496-1757email: yuanchx@sina.comwebsite: www. esafety. cn