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SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS FOR BASIC SERVICE DELIVERY TO MARGINALIZED AND VULNERABLE GROUPS. Presented to the 4 th Women Congress of Rural Women-Durban 23-25 th April 2007 Dr. Roland Msiska UNDP Regional Service Centre, Johannesburg. Introduction.

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sustainable solutions for basic service delivery to marginalized and vulnerable groups

SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS FOR BASIC SERVICE DELIVERY TO MARGINALIZED AND VULNERABLE GROUPS

Presented to the 4th Women Congress of Rural Women-Durban 23-25th April 2007

Dr. Roland Msiska

UNDP Regional Service Centre, Johannesburg

introduction
Introduction
  • What should be the starting point for provision of sustainable solutions for basic service delivery to marginalized and vulnerable groups?
  • What are the drivers for sustainable solutions for basic delivery to marginalized and vulnerable groups in rural areas?
  • How can we ensure sustainability of basic services to vulnerable and marginalized groups?
slide3

What should be the starting point for provision of sustainable solutions for basic service delivery to marginalized and vulnerable groups in rural areas?

slide4
Begins with Leadership that has the political

will and mindset to transform its nation, in practical

terms this means e.g.

  • Facilitates the development and implementation of Economic frameworks and development strategies that “do no harm” but are rather structured to empower every individual, especially those who are marginalized and vulnerable to participate and benefit.
  • Attracts foreign direct investments in such way that citizens rights are not jeopardized, especially the vulnerable and marginalized groups.
  • Develop cost recovery mechanisms for services that do not disadvantage rural consumers (Water provision infrastructure).
slide5
Leadership that recognizes and acts on the understanding that the provision of Basic services is a Fundamental Human right
  • This will require:
    • Increase in budgetary allocations to basic services.
    • Public-private partnership to ensure outreach “to all” without government absconding its fundamental mandate to its citizenry.
    • Ensure that basic services are not commoditized or sold for profit in a way that makes it difficult for the vulnerable and marginalized groups to have access to those services, especially those in rural areas.
slide6
Leadership that understands how Public and private services providers can empower vulnerable and marginalized groups through the:
  • Provision of Basic services (water, sanitation, health, and education) taking into account the rural women dimensions (social costs, economic costs, distance)
  • Ensuring access to productive resources and extension services taking into account the impact of the socially constructed roles of females and males in rural areas.
  • Facilitating Investment in and rural social development process (through social mobilization) that will enable vulnerable and marginalized groups to better organize, pool resources and address both socio-economic and strategic concerns as relates provision of basic services.
slide7

What are the drivers for sustainable solutions for basic delivery to marginalized and vulnerable groups in rural areas?

slide8

POLICY FRAMEWORK

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

LEADERSHIP

THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT(Enabling and Inhibiting factors)

OUTCOME

OUTPUT

INPUT

CONVERSION

ACHIEVING:

NEEDS MET FOR VULNERABLE & MAGINALIZED GROUPS

HUMAN CAPABILITY

BASIC SERVICE DELIVERY

PROCESSES

STRATEGY and MISSION

CULTURE

FINANCIAL RESOURCES

I NFRA-STRUCTURE

THE ENTITY LEVEL

ACCOUNTA-BILITY

OWNERSHIP

ICT as ENABLER

ACCOUNTABILITY FEEDBACK LOOP

slide9

How can we ensure sustainability of basic services to the vulnerable and marginalized groups in rural areas?

slide10

Providers

The State

Citizens

Services

Relationships Of Accountability For Sustainable Basic Service Delivery

Politicians

Policy makers

Compact

Voice

Long route of Accountability

Short Route

Citizen Power Facilitated by

Leaders

Management

Coalitions/Inclusions

Public

Private

Non poor

Poor

Source: Adapted from World Development Report 2004 Making Services Work for the Poor

in conclusion a leadership that recognizes and acts on
In conclusion A Leadership that recognizes and acts on
  • Basic services as a fundamental human right and as such all economic and social development strategies are designed to do no harm especially to the vulnerable and marginalized groups taking into account gender, rural-urban differentials.
  • Understand the role of the public and private sector in increasing or decreasing vulnerability and marginalization of certain groups in society which in turn influence access to basic services.
  • Facilitates the accountability of services (both private and public) providers to citizens.
references
References
  • World Development Report (1994) Making Services Work for the Poor Authored by A team led by Shanta Deveragan and Ritva Reinikka
  • UNDP (2003) Readings in Human Development Edited by Sakiko Fukuda-Parr and A.K Shiva Kumar
  • Oxford University Press (2001) Challenging Inequities in Health From Ethics to Actions Edited by Timothy Evans et al
  • Human Development Report (2006) Beyond Scarcity: Power, poverty and the global crisis.
  • UNDP (2006) SACI Methodology: Capacity Transformation for Effective Service Delivery.
  • John Mc Murthy (1998) Unequal Freedoms—The Global Market as an Ethical System.
  • Unicef study (1994) edited by Giovannia Andrea Cornia and Gerald K. Helleiner—From Adjustment to Development in Africa –Conflict, Convergence, Consesus?
  • Cornell University (1999) Developmental State edited by Meredith Woo-Cummings
  • Princeton University (1995) Peter Evans—Embedded Autonomy-State & Industrial Transformation
  • Dean Anderson and Linda Ackerman Anderson (2001) Beyond Change Management—Advanced Strategies for Today’s Transformational Leadership
  • Oxford (2004) Inequality, Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberlization and Globalization Edited Giovanni Andrea Cornia, UNU-WIDER Studies in Development Economics
  • Beacon Press Boston (1944, 1957, 2001) Karl Polanyi- The Great Transformation-The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time