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Mood & Stress. Shakhawan Salih . Shanyar Kadir . Shkar Dilshad. Introduction.

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mood stress

Mood & Stress

ShakhawanSalih . Shanyar Kadir . ShkarDilshad

introduction
Introduction
  • A mood is an emotional state. Moods differ from emotions in that they are less specific, less intense, and less likely to be triggered by a particular stimulus or event. Moods generally have either a positive or negative valence. In other words, people typically speak of being in a good mood or a bad mood.
introduction1
Introduction
  • Stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Symptoms may include a sense of:
    • Being overwhelmed
    • Feelings of anxiety
    • Overall irritability
    • Insecurity
    • Nervousness
    • Social withdrawal
    • Loss of appetite
    • Depression
    • Others
introduction2
Introduction
  • Two groups of mood disorders are broadly recognized:
  • 1) Depressive disorders
    • A) Major depressive disorder (MDD)
    • B) Dysthymia
    • C) Double depression
  • 2) Bipolar disorders
    • A) Bipolar I & II
    • B) Cyclothymia
introduction3
Introduction
  • Objectives:
    • To identify the level of stress among different stages of the medical school
    • To identify any gender differences related to stress
    • To identify if mood & stress are affected by studying or exam marks and vice versa.
methodology
Methodology
  • Study Design
    • Cross-sectional study (survey)
  • Questionnaire
    • Sociodemographic (7)
    • Mood and Stress Questions (48)
methodology1
Methodology
  • Study Population and Sample
    • Population = Students of Sulaymaniyah Medical School
    • Sample = All 6 Stages, Random Sampling, Evey 4th Student
  • Data Collection
    • Took 3 days
    • First 4 stages in a single day
    • 5th and 6th stages within 2 days
methodology2
Methodology
  • Data Processing
    • 162 complete questionnaires (9 ignored because incomplete)
    • Entered into IBM SPSS v21
    • Frequency tables for socio-demographic data and statistical measures of distribution for age, height, and weight
    • Chi-Squared and Fisher’s Exact tests used to find associations
    • If 20.0% or more of data cells in contingency table had expected count below 5, Fisher’s exact was used
    • p value of less than 0.05 taken as significant
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Females more prone to stress
    • Affected more by family problems
    • Affected more by other people’s pain
    • More likely to get nausea and reflux under stress
    • Get more stress out while studying for exams
    • Get more sleep-deprived by exams
    • Affected more by exam marks
  • Males
    • A higher tendency for addictions
conclusions1
Conclusions
  • By Stage
    • Mood gets better when hanging out with friends (increases with stage)
    • Suicidal ideation higher among the first two stages
  • By SES
    • High SES: increased sensitivity to pain
    • Low SES: lack stamina and tire more easily
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Classes to the medical students
    • About risk factors for stress
    • How to deal with stress
    • How to detect serious suicidal ideations in others