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Chapter 4 Making Pictures: Non-verbal Communication

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Chapter 4 Making Pictures: Non-verbal Communication. Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net. Main Topics. Definition of non-verbal communication Potential benefits of non-verbal communication Potential problems with visual data Graphs and charts. Definition.

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main topics
Main Topics
  • Definition of non-verbal communication
  • Potential benefits of non-verbal communication
  • Potential problems with visual data
  • Graphs and charts
definition
Definition
  • Non-verbal forms of communication is a term that refers to any way in which we communicate our ideas, opinions and feelings with each other that does not involve the use of written or spoken words.
  • For example, what would an interview panel think of
    • a smiling, smartly dressed candidate?
    • a candidate who has an untidy appearance and does not make eye contact?
examples of visual images in the workplace
Examples of visual images in the workplace
  • A finance director giving a presentation to City analysts usesbar graphs and pie charts to display the raw data from a complex profit forecast.
  • A brochure-designersearches photographic libraries to find a suitable image to support the central messages that appear in the text of an organisation’s annual report.
potential benefits of non verbal communication
Potential benefits of non-verbal communication
  • Rapid communication of messages
  • Simplification of complex messages
  • Securing audience attention
  • Making messages memorable (visual hook)
  • Persuading and motivating (to be discussed in Chapter 5)
1 rapid communication of messages
1. Rapid communication of messages
  • Signs used on roads and motorways

Winding road ahead, begins with a curve to the right

The road ahead, curves sharply left, then right

Danger! Vicinity of school, kindergarten, or playground. Children are likely to run into traffic lanes.

2 simplification of complex messages
2. Simplification of complex messages
  • Showing conceptual or spatial relationships
3 securing audience attention
3. Securing audience attention
  • Dramatic or unexpected images in advertisements

Link to

1st Movie

Link to

2nd Movie

4 making messages memorable visual hook
4. Making messages memorable (visual hook)

The Nike "Swoosh" is a design created in 1971 by Carolyn Davidson, a graphic design student at Portland State University.

Nike Ultimate Slide Men's Sandal

Slippers provided by a hotel in Xiamen, China

potential problems with visual media
Potential problems with visual media
  • Inconsistency – a particular ‘picture’ may not be consistent with other aspects of the message that is being sent (e.g. contradictory text and images).
  • Inherentunsuitability – it may not be suitable for the receiver that the sender is trying to reach (e.g. offensive images).
  • Context-related meaning – its meaning may be altered according to the context in which it is being received (cultural variation).
presenting data visually
Presenting data visually
  • tables
  • pie charts
  • bar charts
  • line graphs
  • maps
  • flowcharts
table
Table

To present individual, exact values

pie chart
Pie chart

To show frequency or distribution of parts of a whole

Figure 4.6 Pie chart with exploded segment

line graph and bar chart
Line graph and bar chart
  • To show relationships between variables over time
  • To compare two or more sets of data
slide17
Map

To show geographic relationships or comparisons

Figure 4.11 A map illustrating regional data

flowchart
Flowchart

To illustrate processes or procedures

extract from a financial statement
Extract from a financial statement

Figure 4.12 Extract from a financial statement

selecting the right visual 1
Selecting the Right Visual (1)

You are preparing the annual report for your company.

What is the appropriate visual (a table, a pie chart, a bar chart, a line graph, a map, or a flowchart) to illustrate each of the following types of information?

1. Data on annual sales for the past 20 years.

 a table or a line graph

2. Comparison of the sales, product by product (there are four different products), for this year and last year.

 a bar chart

slide21
Selecting the Right Visual (2)

What is the appropriate visual (a table, a pie chart, a bar chart, a line graph, a map, or a flowchart) to illustrate each of the following types of information?

3. Explanation of how your company markets the products.

 a flowchart

4. Data on sales of the products in each of ten countries.

 a map

5. Comparison of your company’s sales figures with sales figures of three competing companies over the past five years

 a table or a line chart

slide22
Summary
  • Organisations make use of a wide range of non-verbal signals, including visual images.
  • There are many potential advantages of non-verbal encoding: messages are quickly assimilated; complex content can be simplified; the attention of an audience can be caught and messages can be more memorable. In addition, images are often powerful persuaders and motivators.
slide23
Summary (continued)
  • The most common problems arise when pictures of all kinds are used carelessly (i.e. images are either inconsistent, inherently unsuitable or inappropriate in a particular context).
  • Graphs and charts can be used to present data in more informative and appealing ways. However, it is important to use the most appropriate type and format, ensuring that you communicate a clear and undistorted impression of the underlying figures.
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