April 25 – AP Comp Gov – Fang Shou Agenda: • Notes: • Fang Shou • Chinese Political Structure • The Chinese Dream Take out: • Pen/Pencil • Notebook Homework: • Read and annotate the “Special Report: China” articles
Policymaking Cycle: The effects of a changing economy FANG-SHOU (letting go, tightening up cycle)
DENG XIAOPING’s MODERNIZATIONS (1978-1997) Stability through economic success… not through a personality cult • “Beijing Spring” – Criticism of cultural revolution • “Reform and Opening” • Open door trade policy • Trade with everyone, even capitalists • Reforms in Economy and Education
Breakdown of authority of CCP • Market Socialism • Household Responsibility System • Township and Village Enterprises • Special Economic Zones Economic Decentralization Free flow of labor (breakdown of danwei) Rational-legal regime for workers Education/Foreign Contact CHANGES EFFECTS Loosening • Industrial • Unemployment • WAY up, factories firing excess people • Corruption • Individuals are still in charge of vast store-houses of materials • Environment
The Fang-Shou (Chinese Political) Enigma: • Can the government balance liberal economic policies with political authoritarianism? • Why is it so important for the CCP to maintain the system of democratic centralism?
DUAL RULE in a parallel system • Dual Rule • Multiple channels of control and information • Agencies are partly under the administration of another body of the same level • Each government body has a parallel CCP body which exerts influence over it • Many parallel offices are held by the same people
For Example: Xi Jinping • General Secretary of the Communist Party of China • Ex officio member of the Politburo Standing Committee • President of the People's Republic of China • Chairman of the Central Military Commission
The Communist Party • 73 million members – add 2-3 million per year • Joining brings significant privileges • Jobs, connections, education, information, power • Joining is difficult • Exams, backing of existing members, probationary period, background checks • Promotion within the system is based on experience, influence and loyalty • To a member of the CCP, loyalty goes to the party first, and everything else second
Politburo • The nexus of Chinese power • Controlled by the SEVEN MEMBER standing committee • All members are bound by formally made decisions • Members of the standing committee also hold/control the following posts: • party general secretary • premier • chairman of the National People's Congress • head of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission
National People’s Congress • 1982 constitution designed it as the center of power for the Chinese State • In reality it’s a rubber stamp for the Politburo • Over 70% of reps (and 95% of senior leadership) are CCP members • 3000 delegate from across China meet once a year • Unwieldy/cumbersome • Real influence comes from the 150 member standing committee
The Chinese Dream • As of 2013, the slogan of the CCP is “The Chinese Dream” • Xi described the dream as "national rejuvenation, improvement of people’s livelihoods, prosperity, construction of a better society and military strengthening." He has stated that young people should "dare to dream, work assiduously to fulfill the dreams and contribute to the revitalization of the nation.” Read the “Special Report” articles Annotate for the following themes: • Relationship between the people and the government • Repression • Effects of urbanization and migration • Political and social cleavages Write a two paragraph response to the following question: • Is the “Chinese Dream” attainable under the existing system?