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Eating Disorders & Healthy Body Image

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  1. Eating Disorders & Healthy Body Image

  2. Eating Disorders • not just an adolescent phase • A variety of reasons lead young people to develop unhealthy eating behaviours/disorders

  3. Eating Disorders • A way to cope with change, stress, low self-esteem, depression, family/relationship problems and other anxieties • Fear of being fat • Unrealistic body image (models & celebrities) • Pressure from parents/family/peers/coaches

  4. Eating Disorders • Very real and life-threatening illnesses that require medical attention • Obsessed with weight and physical appearance

  5. Types of Disorders • Anorexia Nervosa- starving yourself • Bulimia Nervosa- binge and purge • Binge Eating Disorder- eating large amounts of food in a short period of time • Anorexia Athletica-excessive exercising to lose weight

  6. Anorexia Nervosa • A person starves themselves in an attempt to become thinner • See themselves as overweight while being extremely thin

  7. Anorexia Nervosa-Physical Changes • Weight loss, loss of muscle tissue and body fat, hair loss, growth of fuzzy body hair, dry scaly skin, yellowish skin tone, sensitivity to cold temperatures, kidney and liver damage, brittle bones, weakened heart, fatigue, dehydration, death

  8. Bulimia Nervosa • A person repeats a cycle of eating large quantities of food, followed by purging it from their system • Binging is usually accompanied by feelings of guilt • Intense fear of gaining weight

  9. Bulimia Nervosa-Physical Changes • Weight fluctuations, puffy face due to swollen salivary glands, bulging eyes, broken blood vessels in face and eyes, blurred vision, tooth decay, internal bleeding, kidney and liver damage, death

  10. Binge Eating Disorder • A person eats large amounts of food and are unable to stop eating when they are full • A person with this disorder feels guilty, depressed and out of control Physical Changes: • Excessive weight gain, slowed metabolism, bone and joint problems, circulatory problems

  11. Over-Exercising • A person exercises frequently, intensely for long periods of time to compensate for food eaten or food that will be eaten Warning Signs: • Exercises more than is required for good health or competitions, gives up time from: work, school, family and relationships • Often exercises alone • Exercises despite illness or injury

  12. Media Messages • Normalizes and glamorizes abnormal or unhealthy body types • Creates a false impression of what is natural • Sends the message that one must continually improve- never good enough • Falsely presents ‘perfect’ body shape or size

  13. Media Images

  14. Healthy Body Image • Accepts the fact that healthy bodies come in a variety of shapes and sizes • Can appreciate their strengths and weaknesses • Relaxes and enjoys their unique characteristics • Is critical of messages that focus on the ‘ideal’ body