Writing Boot Camp Grammar – Revision - Editing
Name:________________________ Student Log
Narrative or Expository? Narrative – An essay that tells a story. A Personal Narrative relates a personal story.. Something that the writer has experienced. Expository – Written to explain. Uses facts.. May compare and contrast.
Assignments Writing Coach Book: Page 45 – Read “Jobs for Kids” – Answer questions 1 & 2 Pages 174 & 175 – Read “Looking for a Pet? Look No Further Than Maiden Point Shelter” Complete questions 1-5 on the sides of the pages. Pages 82-83 Read “The Pigman & Me” & all information on page 82. Complete the grammar Mini-Lesson: Consistent Tenses
Assignments Writing Coach Book: Pages 40 & 41 – Read “End Game Fails to Thrill” – Both copies. Make notes of changes and Improvements. Pages 78 & 79 – Read “Alone in the Spotlight” – Both copies. Make notes of changes and Improvements. Practice rewriting the sample passage: “Plumbers”
( Practice Plumbers (1) “Glub, glub!” (2) Uh oh, what does that sound mean? (3) No, it’s not the sound of your pet telling you it’s hungry. (4) It means it is time to call a plumber. (5) The pipe is stop up and water is unable to pass through. (6) What will a plumber do to help? (7) With the right tools, a plumber will clean out the pipe and get the water to run through free and clear. (8) A plumber can do that and so much more in a new or current house. (9) A plumber puts plumbing in it. (10) This includes putting in pipes to bring in and take out water. (11) A plumber also puts in bathtubs, sinks, faucets, water heaters, air conditioners, and room heaters. (12) There are many parts of a house that a plumber handles as part of the job. (13) A plumber’s day was full of many different tasks. (14) A plumber needs to be able to solve problems. (15) A plumber gets to explain what is needed to take care of any problem. (16) Plumbers also have to be able to lift and move heavy objects. (17) Pianos are especially heavy and hard to move. (18) Plumbers use a lot of different kinds of tools. (19) They need to know about these to do their job well. (20) They also have to know what kinds of plumbing work needs to be done in buildings. (21) The work of a plumber takes a long time to learn. (22) Someone who wants to be a new plumber starts out working with an experienced plumber. (23) This person is called a master plumber. • 24) An learning plumber usually works about five years with a master plumber. (25) The • new plumber learns right on the job. (26) The new plumber learns the skills to be a good • plumber. (27) They earn money as they learn. (28) Many take classes to learn about plumbing. • (29) The new plumber must take a test. (30) Then the new plumber is able to start a • business. (31) The new plumber may go to work for a plumbing company. • (32) Plumbers have tools that they use in their job. (33) One of their busyest tools is the • adjustable wrench. (34) Its jaws can be made bigger or smaller to fit different sizes of pipes. • (35) Plumbers need to cut pipes so they use a pipe cutter. (36) Pipes are joined together with a • propane torch. (37) Drains are cleared with a long coiled wire called a snake. (38) Some • plumbers use a small video camera that can be lowered or pushed into drains or pipes to see what • is causing a problem inside. (39) Then the plumber can decide the best way to take care of the • problem. • (40) Plumbers work on homes, stores, apartment buildings, factories, tall skyscrapers, and • construction sites. (41) They help keep the water supply safe and healthy. (42) Plumbers have • many tools.
Spelling Commonly Misspelled Words
Activity #1 Choose 15 of the words on the list and write a sentence with each word. The word MUST be used correctly!
Activity #2 Complete each sentence with the correct word: _______________ mom called my mom this morning. I know that you are going to Florida for vacation next summer, and I want to go ___________. ______________ dog is a German Shepard. ______________ going to be very hot today. Since our television is broken, we will need to ______________ a new one. I am an only child; I have ______________ siblings. There are _____________ people who live in Texas. _____________ you going to the dance next weekend? I do not ______________ who to talk to about this. The cabin is in the woods ____________ the lake. ____________ mother is my cat. ____________ going to have a hard time when Mom is out of town. I love to eat _______________. When your dad gets home, ______________ going to be in so much trouble! ______________house is on the corner of my street.
Answers for Activity #2 Complete each sentence with the correct word: _Your______________ mom called my mom this morning. I know that you are going to Florida for vacation next summer, and I want to go _too__________. _Our_____________ dog is a German Shepard. __It’s____________ going to be very hot today. Since our television is broken, we will need to _____buy_________ a new one. I am an only child; I have __no____________ siblings. There are ___a lot__________ of people who live in Texas. ___Are__________ you going to the dance next weekend? I do not __know____________ who to talk to about this. The cabin is in the woods ___by_________ the lake. __Its__________ mother is my cat. ___They’re_____ going to have a hard time when Mom is out of town. I love to eat __there_____________. When your dad gets home, _you’re__ going to be in so much trouble! __Their____________house is on the corner of my street.
Verb Tenses Simple Present: They walk Present Perfect: They have walked Simple Past: They walked Past Perfect: They had walked Future: They will walk Future Perfect: They will have walked Present Perfect The present perfect consists of a past participle (the third principal part) with "has" or "have." It designates action which began in the past but which continues into the present or the effect of which still continues. 1. Betty taught for ten years. (simple past) 2. Betty has taught for ten years. (present perfect) Past Perfect The past perfect tense designates action in the past just as simple past does, but the action of the past perfect is action completed in the past before another action. 1. John raised vegetables and later sold them. (past) 2. John sold vegetables that he had raised. (past perfect) Future Perfect The future perfect tense designates action that will have been completed at a specified time in the future. 1. Saturday I will finish my housework. (simple future) 2. By Saturday noon, I will have finished my housework. (future perfect) Review 1. Judy saved thirty dollars. (past) 2. Judy will save thirty dollars. (future) 3. Judy has saved thirty dollars. (present perfect) 4. Judy had saved thirty dollars by the end of last month. (past perfect) 5. Judy will have saved thirty dollars by the end of this month. (future perfect)
Exercises Writing Coach Book: Page 466 – Read and review “Using Consistent Tenses” Page 467 – Practice 20.4Q 1-10 Practice 20.4 R Even
Types of Punctuation Use your Writing Coach book: pages 552-553
Thesis / Controlling Idea Thesis is used in a narrative. Controlling Idea is used in an expository.
Exercises Choose 2 of the writing prompts below. One of your choices must be Narrative and the other will be Expository. With each prompt: Determine if it is narrative or expository Brainstorm Create an outline Develop 1 Thesis and 1 Controlling Idea
Lead Starters In a narrative essay, this is called a hook. In an expository, it is a lead
Exercises: Using the chart of leads, create one of each type for the following prompt: (You will have a total of 5) Describe your favorite or least favorite meal. Using the chart of hooks, create one of each type for the following prompt: (You will have a total of 8) Write about an hour that you would like to live over again.
Body Paragraph Body paragraphs are the meat of your essay, and as such are the most important component of your essay. In the body paragraphs, you will expand upon and provide support for the theme you introduced in the first paragraph and will provide the details that move that theme forward. A two page essay will typically contain 2-4 body paragraphs. Each paragraph contains: A topic sentence that expands your theme and makes a transition from the previous paragraph Development of ideas that support your essay's theme An ending sentence that wraps up the paragraph and helps to transition into the next paragraph
Exercise Create a body paragraph about each of the following topics: Living in Texas Being a Willow Wood Junior High Student Playing a sport (you choose which one) or taking part in an elective class
Exercises Use the appropriate rubric to rate each of the essays. You must score for each trait and get an overall score. Record these scores on paper.
Exercises Complete each of the practice STAAR passages. Take your time. Read carefully. Make sure that you understand what each question is asking. Prove any answer that can be proven.
Commas vs. Semicolons Hyphens, clauses, commas after introductory phrases.
Comma Rules • Comma (,) • Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. For example: • I am going home, and I intend to stay there. • It rained heavily during the afternoon, but we managed to have our picnic anyway. • They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark, so they decided to camp for the night.
Semicolon Rules • Semicolon (;) • Use a semicolon when you link two independent clauses with no connecting words. For example: • I am going home; I intend to stay there. • It rained heavily during the afternoon; we managed to have our picnic anyway. • They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark; they decided to camp for the night. • You can also use a semicolon when you join two independent clauses together with one of the following conjunctive adverbs (adverbs that join independent clauses): however, moreover, therefore, consequently, otherwise, nevertheless, thus, etc. For example: • I am going home; moreover, I intend to stay there. • It rained heavily during the afternoon; however, we managed to have our picnic anyway. • They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark; therefore, they decided to camp for the night.
Exercises Writing Coach Book – Page 563 – Read & Review Page 558 – Read & Review, Page 559 – Practice 25.2 A (Evens), Practice 25.2B (Odds) Page 560 – 25.2 C (1-5), 25.2 D (16-20) Page 274 – Read & Review Page 285 – Read & Review Pages 556-558 – Read & Review Pages 571-573 – Read & Review Page 574 – Practice 25.3A & 25.3B (Evens) Page 575 – Practice 25.3C & 25.3D (Odds)
Stations Continued…. Set 2: 1-8
Word Choice #1 Dictionary & Thesaurus Use
Word Choice Original ParagraphWhen I started thinking about getting a new job, I was completely clueless. I knew I wanted to do something really cool, but I was lost about what might fit the bill. Revised ParagraphWhen I started thinking about getting a new job, I was overwhelmed by my options and unsure of what to choose. While I knew I wanted to do something interesting, I was uncertain of what that might be.
Activity #1 Improve the following sentences by choosing clearer, more vivid words: You may want to use a dictionary or thesaurus…. She likes it a lot. He was going to the game at the center and wanted to take her with him. My favorite food is pizza because it is super yummy. Take me there when you go. The dog is funny when he begs for food. Students in high school are more free than students in junior high. It is really weird to love things that scare you. People are funny! I like to ride my bike to his house sometimes. Why are you mad?
Activity #2 Connotation is the emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word. Denotation is the strict dictionary meaning of a word. Example: The word "snake" simple denotes a reptile. But it has the connotation of someone who can not be trusted, someone... Think of the word MOTHER: Connotation: Denotation: