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Annual Safety Performance Report 2009/10. Marcus Dacre, Senior Safety Intelligence Analyst, RSSB. Headlines. Overall, safety levels were maintained, consolidating improvements made in previous years. Some areas saw small improvements: Workforce injuries Train accident risk

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annual safety performance report 2009 10

Annual Safety Performance Report 2009/10

Marcus Dacre, Senior Safety Intelligence Analyst, RSSB

  • Overall, safety levels were maintained, consolidating improvements made in previous years.
  • Some areas saw small improvements:
    • Workforce injuries
    • Train accident risk
  • Increases in some other areas:
    • Trespass and suicide
railway risk in context
Railway risk in context

Rail is one of the safest modes of transport

railway risk in context4
Railway risk in context

Significant long-term reduction in train accident risk

No fatal train accident

since February 2007

Current rate less than one per year

(ten-year average)

aspr scope and data sources
ASPR scope and data sources
  • Information relates to incidents and accidents:
    • In stations
    • On or affecting trains on running lines
    • Elsewhere on Network Rail managed infrastructure
    • Includes all workforce fatalities on duty if in connection with work on the operational railway
  • SMIS is the source of most safety performance data
    • Supplemented by BTP, Network Rail, ORR, UIC, DfT
  • Risk information from Safety Risk Model version 6
aspr production
ASPR production

Risk and harm are measured in terms of fatalities and weighted injuries (FWI).

review of performance in 2009 10
Review of performance in 2009/10
  • Risk from train accidents
  • Passenger safety
  • Workforce safety
  • Public safety
    • Level crossings
    • Trespass
    • Suicide
  • Progress against trajectories and targets
    • Strategic Safety Plan
    • HLOS metrics
    • European targets
train accident risk profile
Train accident risk: profile

Train accident risk is 7.7 FWI per year (out of a total of 141.3 FWI)

Potentially higher-risk train accidents account for 93% of train accident risk.

train accident risk trends
Train accident risk: trends

Lowest recorded number of potentially higher-risk train accidents

Performance fairly steady for last five years

train accident risk precursor indicator model
Train accident risk: precursor indicator model

Reduction in PIM measure of train accident risk during 2009/10

Large reduction in SPAD risk – largely due to TPWS.

Significant reduction in contribution from trains and rolling stock.

Reduction in infrastructure failures post Hatfield.

Little change in public behaviour at level crossings.

Overall reduction in 2009/10.

train accident risk spads
Train accident risk: SPADs

SPAD numbers and SPAD risk fell in 2009/10

SPAD numbers at record low.

Increase in 2007/08 due to two high-risk SPADs

SPAD risk less than 10% of March 2001 baseline.

passenger safety fatalities
Passenger safety: fatalities

Five passenger fatalities: equals lowest total on record

Four fatalities at the platform-train interface

An elderly person died from fall on escalator.

passenger safety major injuries
Passenger safety: major injuries

Little change in passenger major injuries

Little change in numbers over past six years.

Most major injuries are from slips, trips and falls in stations.

passenger safety total harm
Passenger safety: total harm

Small increase in passenger FWI

5% increase in FWI per passenger journey.

Around 5,500 passenger injuries reported in 2009/10

passenger safety assaults
Passenger safety: assaults

BTP record fall in assaults on passengers and public

Improving perceptions of personal security.

Lowest assault rate on record.

GBH and other serious assaults are relatively rare

workforce safety fatalities
Workforce safety: fatalities

Three workforce fatalities: all track workers

Most fatal accidents have involved track workers.

workforce safety major injuries
Workforce safety: major injuries

Lowest recorded number of workforce major injuries

Slips, trips and falls are biggest cause.

workforce safety fwi
Workforce safety: FWI

Workforce harm maintained at historically low level

Reduction in number of minor injuries.

More than 500 minor injuries resulting in >3 days lost time.

workforce safety assault and abuse
Workforce safety: assault and abuse

Harm from assaults and abuse at historical low

Industry has made efforts to address assault risk and improve data collection.

level crossings fatalities
Level crossings: fatalities

Twelve fatalities at level crossings: no change

level crossings collisions with road vehicles
Level crossings: collisions with road vehicles

Fewer collisions at level crossings than last year

Three fatal accidents resulted in five fatalities.

One fatal accident due to causes entirely under railway control.


Relatively high number of trespass fatalities

Last three years have seen high numbers of trespass fatalities.

Around 80% are struck by trains, 15% electrocuted.

child fatalities
Child fatalities

Three children died in accidents during the year

Two fourteen-year-old boys killed in separate incidents while trespassing

A two-year-old struck by train on level crossing


High number of railway suicides

targets and trajectories ssp
Targets and trajectories: SSP
  • The 2009-14 Strategic Safety Plan sets out 15 safety trajectories.
  • These reflect expected improvements over the five-year period.

One year into the SSP, performance is in line with 13 of the 15 trajectories.

  • The remaining two are:
  • Passenger accidents at the platform-train interface
  • Train accidents due to rolling stock failure
trajectories and targets hlos safety metrics
Trajectories and targets: HLOS safety metrics

The government is targeting a 3% reduction in passenger and workforce risk during Control Period 4

Performance is in line to meet both targets by March 2014.

trajectories and targets common safety targets
Trajectories and targets: Common Safety Targets
  • European Rail Agency set National Reference Values in 2009
  • Ensure that current levels of safety are at least maintained
  • Based on performance in 2004-2007

RSSB calculations show that UK performance was acceptable in all areas in 2008 and 2009

european benchmarking largest 10 railways
European benchmarking: largest 10 railways

GB safety compares well with other European countries.


Overall, safety performance is in line with the commitment to maintain safety and, where reasonably practicable, seek improvements.

  • In areas under direct industry control, the story was mostly one of consolidating recent improvements.
  • Risk resulting from public behaviour remains a challenge.

Rail safety in GB compares well with other modes of transport and other countries.

The industry appears to be generally on track to meet SSP trajectories, HLOS safety targets, and European safety targets.

aspr 2009 10
ASPR 2009/10

Questions and comments