Caesar in Gaul 58-50 BC
Overview • Caesar’s exploits in Gaul gave him particular advantages • Cisalpine Gaul • Good recruiting ground for troops • Future source of strength • Close proximity to Rome allowed Caesar to maintain close contact with the capital • Transalpine Gaul • Military glory and extend Rome’s influence • Acquire great wealth – needed for future career
Map of Caesar’s Campaigns in Gaul • 58-56 BC – Defeat of the Helvetti and Suebi • 55-54 BC – Crossing of the Rhine and invasion of Britain • 54-51 BC – Eburones’ attack and cause issues for Caesar.Roman victory at the battle of Alesiaagainst Arveni tribes.
Why success? • Lack of unity, discipline and determination among the Gauls; • German cavalry employed by Caesar during the great revolt led by Vercingetorix • Caesar’s genius in military tactics and strategy, swift action and superb leadership • Leniency shown by Caesar in his organisation of Gaul