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13. Gynecology and Obstetrics. Learning Objectives. Identify the structures of the female genital and reproductive system. Describe the processes of oogenesis, menstruation, conception, and labor and delivery. Describe normal and abnormal findings in the neonate. Learning Objectives.

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Gynecology and obstetrics

13

Gynecology and Obstetrics


Learning objectives
Learning Objectives

  • Identify the structures of the female genital and reproductive system.

  • Describe the processes of oogenesis, menstruation, conception, and labor and delivery.

  • Describe normal and abnormal findings in the neonate.


Learning objectives1
Learning Objectives

  • Describe common female genital and reproductive diseases and conditions, laboratory and diagnostic procedures, medical and surgical procedures, and drug categories.

  • Give the medical meaning of word parts related to the female genital and reproductive system.


Learning objectives2
Learning Objectives

  • Build female genital and reproductive words from word parts and divide and define words.

  • Spell and pronounce female genital and reproductive words.

  • Analyze the medical content and meaning of a gynecology report.


Learning objectives3
Learning Objectives

  • Dive deeper into gynecology and obstetrics by reviewing the activities at the end of this chapter and online at Medical Terminology Interactive.


Multimedia directory
Multimedia Directory

Slide 16 Female Reproductive System Animation

Slide 49 Childbirth and Delivery Video - First Stage

Slide 50 Childbirth and Delivery Video – Transition

Slide 51 Childbirth and Delivery Video – Second Stage

Slide 52 Childbirth and Delivery Video – Vacuum Extraction

Slide 53 Infant Apgar Scoring Video

Slide 54 Placenta Delivery Video

Slide 55 C-Section Delivery Video

Slide 100 Breast Cancer Video

Slide 112 Preeclampsia Video

Slide 184 Midwife Careers Video

Slide 185 Midwife and Education Video


Multimedia directory1
Multimedia Directory

Slide 186 Midwife On-Call Video

Slide 187 Ethical Situations as a Midwife Video


Gynecology
Gynecology

The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the female genital system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to treat female genital diseases.


Obstetrics
Obstetrics

The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system and uses diagnostic tests, medical and surgical procedures, and drugs to monitor normal pregnancy and childbirth and treat diseases.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-1 Female genital and reproductive system


Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy and Physiology

The female genital and reproductive system includes both internal and external genitalia or genital organs.


Anatomy and physiology1
Anatomy and Physiology

Internal Genitalia

Ovaries

Uterine tubes

Uterus

Vagina


Anatomy and physiology cont d
Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

External Genitalia

Area of the vulva includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vaginal introitus


Anatomy and physiology cont d1
Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

The breasts or mammary glands also play a role in the female reproductive system.

The female genital and reproductive system together with the urinary system is known as the genitourinary (GU) system or urogenital system.


Anatomy and physiology cont d2
Anatomy and Physiology (cont’d)

The function of the female genital and reproductive system is to display the female secondary sexual characteristics, produce ova (eggs), and, when appropriate, conceive and bear children.


Female reproductive system animation
Female Reproductive System Animation

Click on the screenshot to view an animation on the female reproductive system.

The animation may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-2 Abdominopelvic cavity.


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system
Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System

Ovaries

Small egg-shaped glands about 2 inches in length that are near the end of a uterine tube

Gonads or sex glands in a female


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d
Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)

Ovaries (cont’d)

Function as part of the female genital and reproductive system and the endocrine system

Contain follicles that rupture and release ova (eggs) during the menstrual cycle

Secrete hormones estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone that affect puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-3 (cont’d) Ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d1

Uterine Tubes (cont’d)

About 5 inches in length

Held in place by the broad ligament

Function is to transport an ovum from the ovary to the uterus

Also known as oviducts or fallopian tubes

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-4 (cont’d) Uterus


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d2

Uterus (cont’d)

An inverted pear-shaped organ about 3 inches in length

Held in place by the broad ligament, the round ligaments at the top of the uterus, and the uterosacral ligaments

Fundus is the rounded top of the uterus

The corpus, or body, of the uterus is its widest part

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d3

Uterus (cont’d) (cont’d)

The body narrows and becomes the cervix (neck of the uterus).

Within the uterus is the hollow intrauterine cavity, which narrows into the cervical canal.

The wall of the uterus is composed of three layers: perimetrium, myometrium, and endometrium.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d4

Vagina (cont’d)

A short, tubelike structure about 3 inches in length

The fornix is the area of the vaginal canal that is behind and around the cervix.

Covering the inferior end of the vaginal canal is the hymen, although it is sometimes absent

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d5

Vagina (cont’d) (cont’d)

The vaginal introitus is the opening to the outside of the body.

During menstruation, it transports the shed endometrium to the outside of the body.

It holds the penis during sexual intercourse.

It is the part of the birth canal that takes the baby to the outside of the mother’s body.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d6

External Genitalia (cont’d)

Labia majora

Labia minora

Clitoris

Vaginal introitus

Glands that produce lubricating secretions

The vulva includes all of these structures as well as the urethral meatus and the mons pubis.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-5 (cont’d) External female genitalia


Anatomy of the female genital and reproductive system cont d7

Breasts (cont’d)

Composed of adipose (fatty) tissue and glands, the breasts (or mammary glands) are a part of the integumentary system.

Because of their function, they are also a part of the female reproductive system.

They develop at puberty.

They contain lactiferous lobules that produce milk to nourish the newborn after birth.

Anatomy of the Female Genital and Reproductive System (cont’d)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-6 (cont’d) Breast


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

The anterior pituitary gland begins to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) to stimulate the ovaries at the onset of puberty.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception1
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

FSH stimulates a follicle in the ovary to enlarge and produce a mature ovum and secrete estradiol, which causes the development of female sexual characteristics.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception2
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception:

LH stimulates a single follicle each month to rupture and release its mature ovum.

LH stimulates the ruptured follicle (corpus luteum) to secrete estradiol and progesterone.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-7 Conception: Hormones secreted by the ovaries


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

The Menstrual Cycle

With the onset of puberty, the female begins to ovulate and menstruate.

Menarche is the beginning of menstruation, which occurs with the first menstrual period, or menses.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d1
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

The Menstrual Cycle (cont’d)

Menstrual phase Days 1-6

Proliferative phase Days 7-13

Ovulation Day 14

Secretory phase Days 15-26

Ischemic phase Days 27-28


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-8 Conception (cont’d) The menstrual cycle


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d2
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception

Spermatozoa reach the ovum 24 to 48 hours after sexual intercourse.

Chemicals secreted by the ovum attract the spermatozoa.

Only one spermatozoa penetrates the ovum; this is the moment of fertilization, or conception.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d3
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

The resulting cell has 46 chromosomes and is known as a zygote.

Pregnancy begins at the moment of conception.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d4
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

A zygote immediately begins to divide as it moves through the fallopian tube.

The inner mass of cells of the zygote becomes the amnion and the embryo.

The developing embryo floats in and is cushioned by the amniotic fluid.


Physiology of sexual maturity oogenesis menstruation and conception cont d5
Physiology of Sexual Maturity, Oogenesis, Menstruation, and Conception (cont’d)

Conception (cont’d)

After 4 days of development, the zygote is known as an embryo.

After 8 weeks, it is known as a fetus.

Gestation is from the moment of conception to the moment of birth, approximately 38 to 42 weeks.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-9 Conception (cont’d) An ovum and spermatozoa

D. Philips / Photo Researchers, Inc.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-10 Conception (cont’d) A fetus at 9 weeks’ gestation

Photo Lennart Nilsson/Albert Bonniers Forlag


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-11 Conception (cont’d) Fetal footprint


Physiology of labor and delivery
Physiology of Labor and Delivery Conception (cont’d)

The process of labor and childbirth is known as parturition; it is divided into three stages.

First stage of labor―Cervical dilation, effacement, rupture of membranes

Second stage of labor―Crowning occurs, the baby is delivered, and the umbilical cord is clamped and cut

Third stage of labor―Delivery of placenta, suturing of the episiotomy if one was performed


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-12 Conception (cont’d) Labor and Delivery


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-13 Conception (cont’d) Crowning of the fetal head


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-14 Conception (cont’d) Cutting the umbilical cord


Childbirth and delivery video
Childbirth and Delivery Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of first-stage labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Childbirth and delivery video1
Childbirth and Delivery Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of transition in labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Childbirth and delivery video2
Childbirth and Delivery Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of second-stage labor.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Vacuum extraction video
Vacuum Extraction Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of vacuum extraction.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Infant apgar scoring video
Infant Apgar Scoring Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of infant Apgar assessment.

The video may take a moment before playing.

Back to Directory


Placenta delivery video
Placenta Delivery Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of placenta delivery.

Back to Directory


C section delivery video
C-Section Delivery Video Conception (cont’d)

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of C-section child delivery.

Back to Directory


The newborn
The Newborn Conception (cont’d)

A newborn who is between 38 and 42 weeks’ gestation is a term neonate.

A newborn between 28 and 37 weeks’ gestation is preterm, or premature.

The skin of the newborn is covered with vernix caseosa, a thick, white, cheesy substance that protects the skin from amniotic fluid in the uterus.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-15 Conception (cont’d) Term neonate


The newborn cont d
The Newborn (cont’d) Conception (cont’d)

On the top of the head, the anterior fontanel, or soft spot, is a soft area that bulges when the newborn cries.

There is also a smaller posterior fontanel at the back of the head that allows the brain to grow before the bones fuse together.

The first stool is meconium, a thick, greenish-black, sticky substance.


Gynecology and obstetrics

Classroom Response System Conception (cont’d)


The internal genitalia of the female include the
The internal genitalia of the female include the: Conception (cont’d)

  • Ovaries, vulva, uterine tubes, and uterus

  • Vulva, breasts, ovaries, and vagina

  • Breasts, vagina, cervix, and uterus

  • Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina


The internal genitalia of the female include the1
The internal genitalia of the female include the: Conception (cont’d)

  • Ovaries, vulva, uterine tubes, and uterus

  • Vulva, breasts, ovaries, and vagina

  • Breasts, vagina, cervix, and uterus

  • Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina


The ovaries are part of the endocrine system
The ovaries are part of the endocrine system. Conception (cont’d)

  • True

  • False


The ovaries are part of the endocrine system1
The ovaries are part of the endocrine system. Conception (cont’d)

  • True

  • False


The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary
The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary.

  • True

  • False


The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary1
The uterine tube is responsible for transporting an ovum from the uterus to the ovary.

  • True

  • False


The normal position of the uterus is
The normal position of the uterus is: from the uterus to the ovary.

  • Anteflexion

  • Retroflexion

  • Inferior to the bladder

  • Lateral to the bladder


The normal position of the uterus is1
The normal position of the uterus is: from the uterus to the ovary.

  • Anteflexion

  • Retroflexion

  • Inferior to the bladder

  • Lateral to the bladder


The narrow neck of the uterus is called the
The narrow neck of the uterus from the uterus to the ovary.is called the:

  • Fundus

  • Corpus

  • Cervix

  • Vagina


The narrow neck of the uterus is called the1
The narrow neck of the uterus from the uterus to the ovary.is called the:

  • Fundus

  • Corpus

  • Cervix

  • Vagina


The middle layer of the uterus is the
The middle layer of the uterus is the: from the uterus to the ovary.

  • Endometrium

  • Corpus

  • Myometrium

  • Infundibulum


The middle layer of the uterus is the1
The middle layer of the uterus is the: from the uterus to the ovary.

  • Endometrium

  • Corpus

  • Myometrium

  • Infundibulum


The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the
The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the:

  • Ovum

  • Oogenesis

  • Corpus luteum

  • Gamete


The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the1
The ruptured follicle that secretes estradiol and progesterone is the:

  • Ovum

  • Oogenesis

  • Corpus luteum

  • Gamete


The cephalic presentation means
The cephalic presentation means: progesterone is the:

  • The buttocks are going first through the birth canal.

  • The head is going first through the birth canal.

  • Labor is beginning.

  • Labor is not beginning.


The cephalic presentation means1
The cephalic presentation means: progesterone is the:

  • The buttocks are going first through the birth canal.

  • The head is going first through the birth canal.

  • Labor is beginning.

  • Labor is not beginning.




A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a an
A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a/an: colostrum.

  • Acrocyanosis

  • Fontanel

  • Meconium

  • Oocyte


A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a an1
A soft spot found on the head of a newborn is called a/an: colostrum.

  • Acrocyanosis

  • Fontanel

  • Meconium

  • Oocyte


Gynecology and obstetrics
Fraternal twins are produced when the ovary releases two ova that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • True

  • False


Gynecology and obstetrics
Fraternal twins are produced when the ovary releases two ova that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • True

  • False


The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as
The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as: that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • Vertex presentation

  • Estradiol

  • Ovulation

  • Menarche


The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as1
The beginning of menstruation at puberty is known as: that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • Vertex presentation

  • Estradiol

  • Ovulation

  • Menarche


Diseases and conditions
Diseases and Conditions that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Ovaries and Uterine Tubes

Anovulation

Ovarian cancer


Diseases and conditions cont d
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Ovaries and Uterine Tubes (cont’d)

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Salpingitis


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-16 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Polycystic ovary syndrome


Diseases and conditions cont d1
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Uterus

Endometrial cancer

Endometriosis


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-17 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Endometriosis

Z. Binor/Custom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d2
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Uterus (cont’d)

Leiomyoma

Leiomyosarcoma

Myometritis

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-18 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Leiomyoma

CNRI/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d3
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Uterus (cont’d)

Retroflexion of the uterus

Uterine fibroids

Uterine prolapse


Diseases and conditions cont d4
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Menstrual Disorders

Amenorrhea

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)

Dysmenorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d5
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Menstrual Disorders (cont’d)

Menopause

Menorrhagia

Oligomenorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d6
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Menstrual Disorders (cont’d)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)


Diseases and conditions cont d7
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Cervix

Cervical cancer

Cervical dysplasia

Incompetent cervix


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-19 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Cervical dysplasia

SPL/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d8
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Vagina and Perineum

Bacterial vaginosis

Candidiasis

Cystocele


Diseases and conditions cont d9
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Vagina and Perineum (cont’d)

Dyspareunia

Rectocele

Vaginitis


Diseases and conditions cont d10
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Breasts

Breast cancer


Breast cancer video
Breast Cancer Video that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of breast cancer.

Back to Directory


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-20 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Breast with cancer and cysts


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-21 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Peau d’orange

CNRI/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Diseases and conditions cont d11
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Breasts (cont’d)

Failure of lactation

Fibrocystic disease

Galactorrhea


Diseases and conditions cont d12
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery

Abnormal presentation

Abruptio placentae


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-22 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Breech position

Vince Michaels/Getty Images Inc. – Stone Allstock


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-23 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Malpresentation of fraternal twins


Diseases and conditions cont d13
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

Dystocia

Ectopic pregnancy


Diseases and conditions cont d14
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Gestational diabetes mellitus

Hydatidiform mole

Mastitis

Morning sickness


Diseases and conditions cont d15
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Oligohydramnios

Placenta previa


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-24 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Placenta previa


Diseases and conditions cont d16
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Polyhydramnios

Postpartum hemorrhage

Preeclampsia


Preeclampsia video
Preeclampsia Video that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of preeclampsia.

Back to Directory


Diseases and conditions cont d17
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Premature labor

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM)


Diseases and conditions cont d18
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Labor and Delivery (cont’d)

Prolapsed cord

Spontaneous abortion (SAB)

Uterine inertia


Diseases and conditions cont d19
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Fetus and Neonate

Apnea

Fetal distress

Growth abnormalities


Diseases and conditions cont d20
Diseases and Conditions (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Fetus and Neonate (cont’d)

Jaundice

Meconium aspiration

Nuchal cord

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures
Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Gynecologic Diagnostic Procedures

Acid phosphatase

BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene

Biopsy


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d
Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Gynecologic Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)

Estrogen receptor assay

Pap smear

Wet mount


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-25 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Taking a Pap smear


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-26 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Reading a Pap smear

Neuromedical Systems, Inc.


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d1
Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Infertility Diagnostic Tests

Antisperm antibody test

Hormone testing


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d2
Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Pregnancy and Neonatal Diagnostic Tests

Amniocentesis

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

Pregnancy test


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-27 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Amniocentesis

Yoav Levy / Phototake NYC


Laboratory and diagnostic procedures cont d3
Laboratory and Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Radiologic Procedures

Hysterosalpingography

Mammography

Ultrasonography


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-28 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Mammography

Getty Images – Photodisc-Royalty Free


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-29 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Three-dimensional ultrasonography

GE Medical Systems / Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures
Medical and Surgical Procedures that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures of the Internal Genitalia

Colposcopy

Cryosurgery

Gynecologic examination


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-30 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Bimanual examination


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-31 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Speculum

Simon Fraser/Science Photo Library/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures cont d
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures of the Breast

Breast self-examination (BSE)

Tanner staging


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-32 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Breast self-examination

Keith Brofsky/PhotoDisc/Getty Images


Medical and surgical procedures cont d1
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics

Amniotomy

Apgar score

Assisted delivery


Medical and surgical procedures cont d2
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Epidural anesthesia

Fundal height


Medical and surgical procedures cont d3
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Induction of labor

Nägele’s rule

Nonstress test (NST)


Medical and surgical procedures cont d4
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Obstetrical history

Therapeutic abortion

Version


Medical and surgical procedures cont d5
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Medical Procedures for Obstetrics (cont’d)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-33 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

Zephyr/Photo Researchers, Inc.


Medical and surgical procedures cont d6
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Endometrial ablation

Hysterectomy

Laparoscopy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-34 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Laparoscopic surgery

(b) David M. Grossman / Phototake NYC


Medical and surgical procedures cont d7
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries (cont’d)

Myomectomy

Oophorectomy

Salpingectomy


Medical and surgical procedures cont d8
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures of the Uterus, Uterine Tubes, and Ovaries (cont’d)

Tubal ligation

Uterine artery embolization

Uterine suspension


Medical and surgical procedures cont d9
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures of the Cervix and Vagina

Colporrhaphy

Conization

Culdoscopy


Medical and surgical procedures cont d10
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures of the Breast

Lumpectomy

Mammaplasty

Mastectomy

Reconstructive breast surgery


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-35 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. Breast implant

Getty Images – Photodisc-Royalty Free


Gynecology and obstetrics

Figure 13-39 that are fertilized by different spermatozoa. TRAM flap reconstruction


Medical and surgical procedures cont d11
Medical and Surgical Procedures (cont’d) that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

Surgical Procedures in Obstetrics

Cerclage

Cesarean section

Episiotomy


Gynecology and obstetrics

Classroom Response System that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.


A leiomyoma is a an
A leiomyoma is a/an: that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • Type of uterine cancer

  • Tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus

  • Absence of menstrual periods

  • Type of cervical dysplasia


A leiomyoma is a an1
A leiomyoma is a/an: that are fertilized by different spermatozoa.

  • Type of uterine cancer

  • Tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus

  • Absence of menstrual periods

  • Type of cervical dysplasia


Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying lighted scope
Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope?

  • Mammography

  • Colposcopy

  • Pap smear

  • D&C


Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying lighted scope1
Which test involves looking at the cervix with a magnifying, lighted scope?

  • Mammography

  • Colposcopy

  • Pap smear

  • D&C


A pap smear is used to detect
A Pap smear is used to detect: lighted scope?

  • Cervical dysplasia

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Amenorrhea

  • Uterine fibroids


A pap smear is used to detect1
A Pap smear is used to detect: lighted scope?

  • Cervical dysplasia

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

  • Amenorrhea

  • Uterine fibroids


A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as
A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as:

  • Reduction mammoplasty

  • Mastectomy

  • Mammography

  • Augmentation mammoplasty


A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as1
A plastic surgery procedure to enlarge small breasts is known as:

  • Reduction mammoplasty

  • Mastectomy

  • Mammography

  • Augmentation mammoplasty


The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a
The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a:

  • Mammography

  • X-ray

  • MRI

  • Ultrasonography


The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a1
The test that uses sound waves to form an image of a body part is known as a:

  • Mammography

  • X-ray

  • MRI

  • Ultrasonography


A woman with anovulation has
A woman with anovulation has: part is known as a:

  • Uterine prolapse

  • Infertility

  • Excessive menstruation

  • Mastitis


A woman with anovulation has1
A woman with anovulation has: part is known as a:

  • Uterine prolapse

  • Infertility

  • Excessive menstruation

  • Mastitis


Infection of the uterine tubes is known as
Infection of the uterine tubes is known as: part is known as a:

  • Salpingitis

  • Myometritis

  • Cervical cancer

  • Mastitis


Infection of the uterine tubes is known as1
Infection of the uterine tubes is known as: part is known as a:

  • Salpingitis

  • Myometritis

  • Cervical cancer

  • Mastitis


Infection of the breast is known as
Infection of the breast is known as: part is known as a:

  • Endometriosis

  • Mammitis

  • Preeclampsia

  • Mastitis


Infection of the breast is known as1
Infection of the breast is known as: part is known as a:

  • Endometriosis

  • Mammitis

  • Preeclampsia

  • Mastitis


The biparietal diameter is
The biparietal diameter is: part is known as a:

  • The distance from the placenta to the fetus

  • Used to measure breast cysts on mammography

  • Checked often during labor and delivery

  • Used to calculate gestational age


The biparietal diameter is1
The biparietal diameter is: part is known as a:

  • The distance from the placenta to the fetus

  • Used to measure breast cysts on mammography

  • Checked often during labor and delivery

  • Used to calculate gestational age


A woman who has never been pregnant is
A woman who has never been pregnant is: part is known as a:

  • Multiparous

  • Nulligravida

  • Infertile

  • All of the above


A woman who has never been pregnant is1
A woman who has never been pregnant is: part is known as a:

  • Multiparous

  • Nulligravida

  • Infertile

  • All of the above




Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by candida albicans
Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans.

  • True

  • False


Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by candida albicans1
Leukorrhea describes a symptom of vaginal yeast infection caused by Candida albicans.

  • True

  • False


Which combining form means ovary
Which combining form means ovary? caused by

  • Oophor/o-

  • Uter/o-

  • O/o-

  • Nat/o-


Which combining form means ovary1
Which combining form means ovary? caused by

  • Oophor/o-

  • Uter/o-

  • O/o-

  • Nat/o-


All of the following combining forms mean uterus except
All of the following combining forms mean uterus EXCEPT: caused by

  • Uter/o-

  • Hyster/o-

  • Metri/o-

  • Lact/o-


All of the following combining forms mean uterus except1
All of the following combining forms mean uterus EXCEPT: caused by

  • Uter/o-

  • Hyster/o-

  • Metri/o-

  • Lact/o-


The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of
The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of:

  • Prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Prefix, prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, suffix, and suffix


The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of1
The medical word amenorrhea can be divided into the component word parts of:

  • Prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Prefix, prefix, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, combining form, and suffix

  • Combining form, suffix, and suffix


Drug categories
Drug Categories component word parts of:

These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

Drugs for amenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding

Drugs for contraception

Drugs for dysmenorrhea

Drugs for endometriosis

Drugs for premature labor


Drug categories cont d
Drug Categories (cont’d) component word parts of:

These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

Drugs for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

Drugs for vaginal yeast infections

Drugs used to dilate the cervix

Drugs used to induce labor


Drug categories cont d1
Drug Categories (cont’d) component word parts of:

  • These categories of drugs are used to treat female genital and reproductive Diseases and Conditions:

    • HRT drugs

    • Ovulation-stimulating drugs


Abbreviations
Abbreviations component word parts of:


Abbreviations1
Abbreviations component word parts of:


Abbreviations2
Abbreviations component word parts of:


Midwife careers video
Midwife Careers Video component word parts of:

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of midwife careers.

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Midwife and education video
Midwife and Education Video component word parts of:

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of education and careers as a midwife.

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Midwife on call video
Midwife On-Call Video component word parts of:

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of being a midwife on call.

Back to Directory


Ethical situations as a midwife video
Ethical Situations as a Midwife Video component word parts of:

Click on the screenshot to view a video on the topic of ethical situations in midwife careers.

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