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Philippine Intermodal Logistics System and Policies. Hussein S. LIDASAN, Ph.D. Professor. Jun T. CASTRO, Dr. Eng. Associate Professor. SCHOOL OF URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING University of the Philippines-Diliman. Logistics Conference February 5, 2009 Dusit Hotel, Makati, Metro Manila.

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Philippine Intermodal Logistics System and Policies


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philippine intermodal logistics system and policies
Philippine Intermodal Logistics System and Policies

Hussein S. LIDASAN, Ph.D.

Professor

Jun T. CASTRO, Dr. Eng.

Associate Professor

SCHOOL OF URBAN & REGIONAL PLANNING

University of the Philippines-Diliman

Logistics Conference

February 5, 2009

Dusit Hotel, Makati, Metro Manila

outline of presentation
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION:
  • Characteristics of Philippine Intermodal Logistics System
  • Brief Overview of Logistics and Policy Measures
  • Issues, Concerns and Weaknesses of Philippine Logistics System
  • Philippine Logistics Policy Measures
slide4

Being an archipelagic country, the Philippines’ intermodal logistics system is anchored on its maritime transport system, supported by:

    • a road network linking the ports to production areas, markets and logistics terminals
    • an air transport system with strategic regional and local airports
comparative logistics costs in the philippines
Comparative Logistics Costs in the Philippines

Source: Global Competitiveness Ranking (World Bank, 2006-07)

Source: Cash Crop Distribution Systems in the Philippines (JBIC, 2002)

slide13

Total number of days to process a container (Export and Import)

Source: World Bank – Doing Business (2009)

slide14

Source: World Bank – Doing Business (2009)

Customs Clearance Fee per Container

Ports and Terminal Handling Fee per Container

slide15
Example of Impact of Logistics Infra Efficiency(Comparing RoRo with Containerized Transport, PhP/Kilo)

Transporting tomatoes from Cagayan de Oro to Manila

Source: UNDP Seed to Shelf Study (2005)

slide17

Actors

want the least possible time to market their goods while minimizing storage levels resulting in frequent deliveries

aim for minimum cost while optimizing quality of their services

Transport

Service

Providers

Shippers

interested in the availability of goods anywhere anytime, and improved quality of life

Regulates freight environment, balances market forces & plays a major role in resolving conflicts among actors

Consumer

Government

slide19

Grouping of logistics objectives

1

To contribute towards economic performance

To increase productivity in transport operation

3

Economic

Efficiency

2

To reduce environ-mental externalities

To reduce number and severity of accidents

Environmental

Safety

To supply and manage adequate public infra

To contribute to preferred urban structure

Infrastructure

Urban structure

slide20

Transport

Function

Goods Handling

Function

Information

Function

1

Node

3

  • Freight terminals (Distribution centers)
  • Off-street loading and parking facilities

Link

·

·

·

4

  • Road traffic info system
  • Parking guidance info

2

  • Road construction
  • On-street loading and parking bays

Mode

·

  • Low emission vehicles, Electric vehicles, etc.
  • Vehicle tracking system

Operation

·

  • Vehicle routing system
  • Cargo info system
  • Cooperative delivery

5

Control

·

  • Truck ban, size/weight restrictions, allocation of truck routes/lanes, etc.
  • Loading and parking time limits
  • Building ordinances

6

  • Road pricing
  • Parking charges

Market

·

Grouping of policy measures

slide22

A. Key Issues

Issues

Substance

Actions to be Taken

1. Philippines an archipelago (consists of group of islands)

2.  Storage and movement of raw materials and agricultural products from sources to markets

3.   Air and Maritime Safety

4.Lack of efficient communications and information systems at national level

5.       Linkage among communications companies

6.       Traffic congestion in major cities and regions, especially Metro Manila, Cebu and Davao

* Linkage of the major islands has to be established  

* Completion and strengthening of the National Transportation System

* Lack of farm-to-market roads  

* Lack of areas to market products 

* Perishable goods (especially from agricultural areas) need to be maintained prior to delivery 

* Country has experienced aviation and maritime disasters that resulted to loss of lives and economic loses

* A number of local cities and areas does not have efficient communications and info systems

* Telecommunications companies are not yet fully linked or integrated

* Longer travel time 

* Delay in distribution & movement of goods and people

* Develop efficient intermodal system connecting major islands w/ integrated nodal points

* Develop and maintain country’s arterial road system 

* Develop farm-to-market roads 

* Establish local market areas or transfer points for agri products 

* Encourage establishment of delivery centers

* Review air and maritime safety guidelines 

* Enforce safety rules & regulations 

* Continuously maintain and check planes and vessels 

* Completion of municipal telephone system

* Urge companies to hurry up with their integration 

* Complete transport and road network systems 

* Develop mass transit systems and implement TDM measures

slide23

B. Weak Points

Areas of Concern

Gaps

Mitigating Measures

1. Implementation of Plan or Project

2. Coordination among government agencies in planning and implementation

3.Expertise in the fields of logistics, information systems and physical distribution

4. Standardization and normalization of operating systems and information systems

5. Development of integrated container terminals at major ports

6.  Research

7.  Database systems

  • * Lack of public investment on infrastructure development 
  • * Too many agencies performing the same planning and implementation tasks 
  • *   Lack of persons specialized in logistics and related fields 
  • * No formal education in logistics and related specialization 
  • * Lack of an efficient and standard operation systems at freight stations or (container) terminals especially at other major ports 
  • * Lack of standard system for logistics information system  
  • * So far only the Port of Manila has an integrated container terminal 
  • Lack of studies related to logistics, physical distribution and information systems,
  • * Lack of standardized database systems

* Encourage private sector participation through PFI 

* Initiate integrated planning and coordination among agencies 

* Initiate capability building in the fields of logistics, IT &related fields 

* Develop new courses &academic programs leading to these fields

* Develop formal and non-formal training programs 

* Experience at MICT be duplicated in other major ports, container term. 

* Develop standardized information system for logistical purposes 

* Formulate master plan for devt of integrated cont term at key ports 

* Initiate studies through academic institutions and research centers  

* Integrate existing database sys. 

* Develop database for logistics and information system studies

slide25

Philippine Intermodal Logistics Policy Objectives:

  • Local Level
  • Focused on reducing traffic congestion, alleviating environmental and social impacts and improving the economic and technical efficiency of the transportation system
  • National Level
  • Aimed at providing efficient intermodal transportation system
  • Global
  • Focused on how to improve the efficiency of moving people and freights, reducing the impacts of transportation on the global environment and providing a global competitive trading
prioritized logistics policy objectives in manila
Prioritized Logistics Policy Objectives in Manila:
  • Efficiency and Economic Objectives
  • Safety and Environment
  • Infrastructure and Urban Structure
freight transport characteristics of manila

Freight Transport Characteristics of Manila:

Primary Objective: Efficiency & Economy

Underlying Problem: Congestion

Prioritized Measures: Road Links, Terminals, Info System

Main Expected Effects: Costs, Reliability, Capacity

Link: Road Network

Operation: Off-peak Deliveries

Regulations: Truck Restriction

slide28

Objectives

Bang-kok

Ja-karta

KL

Ma-nila

Shan

ghai

Seo-ul

Osa-ka

Tok-yo

Efficiency & Economic

0.327

(2)

0.481

(1)

0.258

(2)

0.550

(1)

0.500

(1)

0.311

(2)

0.097

(3)

0.167

(2)

Safety & Environment

0.413

(1)

0.405

(2)

0.637

(1)

0.240

(2)

0.250

(2)

0.493

(1)

0.570

(1)

0.667

(1)

Infra & Urban structure

0.260

(3)

0.114

(3)

0.105

(3)

0.210

(3)

0.250

(2)

0.196

(3)

0.333(2)

0.167

(2)

Preference survey of experts

Weights of objectives

Numbers in parenthesis indicate rank order of importance.

  • Developed cities: priority on safety and environmental objectives
  • Developing cities: priority on economic and efficiency objectives
    • Bangkok & KL: priority on safety and environmental objectives due to current severity of pollution and high accident rates
slide29

Freight measure objectives for developing cities

Freight measure objectives for developed cities

slide31

Philippine Policy Objectives:

  • How to improve the intermodal system of the country
  • To be at par with the WTO member countries, notably its neighboring countries is the promotion and enhancement of its information technology (IT)
  • Advantages of ITS: a) enhancing seamless movement, b) reducing traffic impacts, c) alleviate traffic congestion, d) improve the logistics and physical distribution system, and d) enhance the global competitiveness of the country.
  • Standardization of customs and freight systems, such as customs clearance system, processing of papers, containerization, etc.,
  • To complement the above policies, it is also imperative that institutional mechanisms have to be initiated.
reference
Reference:
  • DPWH Atlas 2007
  • World Bank
  • Logistics Developments Supported by ICT and ITS in the Asia-Pacific Region, Prepared by the Asian Task Force, Institute of Highway Economics, Japan for OECD RTR Outreach Activity-Asian Logistics Project, 2003
  • Efficient and Sustainable Intermodal Logistics Network in the Asia-Pacific Region, Prepared by the Asian Task Force, Institute of Highway Economics, Japan for OECD RTR Outreach Activity-Asian Logistics Project, 2007
  • JBIC