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List all the ways that you use water in a day. How many gallons do you think you use in a day?. Bellringer. Where is Africa?. How would you describe the physical landscape of Africa?. How would you describe the climate of Africa?. Temperature. 80% of the continent is in the tropics

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  • 80% of the continent is in the tropics

    (between Tropic of Cancer & Tropic of Capricorn)

  • So, climate is generally warm throughout the year.

Africa s geography
Africa’s Geography

  • So, because most of Africa is relative flat and warm, our only concern is:


Four major climate regions
Four Major Climate Regions

Tropical – Wet

Tropical - Wet & Dry



1 tropical wet climate region
1. Tropical Wet Climate Region

  • Along the equator

  • Hot & humid all year

    • Avg 800

    • 100 inches of rain

  • Rainforests


  • Leaching- dissolving and washing away of the soil’s nutrients by constant heavy rains.

2 tropical wet dry climate
2. Tropical Wet & Dry Climate

  • Largest climate zone in Africa

    -covers 1/2 continent

  • Clear wet season and dry season

  • Savanna (grasslands)

3 deserts
3. Deserts

  • Hot & dry all year

  • Sahara (in north), Kalahari (in south)

    • 40% of Africa

      Desertification: the spreading of desert conditions

Sahara desert
Sahara Desert

Location: Northern Africa

Is the world’s largest hot desert

  • Larger than the United States

  • Temperatures can reach 130 degrees Fahrenheit

  • Windswept rock, gravel and shifting sand dunes

  • Average rainfall per year is less than 10 inches.

  • Few areas have grass which support grazing animals.

Kalahari desert
Kalahari Desert

Kalahari Desert: Southern Africa

  • Not as dry and harsh as the Sahara

  • Grasses and wild melon grow in a few places

  • Antelopes and other animals graze


  • Live in desert made possible by oases (desert waterhole, spring)

4 temperate climate zones
4. Temperate Climate Zones

  • Northern & southern tips

  • Seasonal

  • Mild climate, fertile soil

Geography water use
Geography: Water Use

  • Water is a major concern.

    • It is a commodity

    • It is becoming more scarce

    • It is especially a problem in the areas bordering the Sahara – “the Sahel”

Geography water use1
Geography: Water Use

Geography water use2
Geography: Water Use

Read the first hand account about water in Africa. Answer:

  • In one complete sentence, summarize the most important main idea of your article.

  • Describe in detail similarities and differences between the water situation in Africa and the United States.

  • Using the ideas in your article and your own critical thinking, what are the larger impacts of scarce water?

Before you leave

Before you leave…

Using complete sentences, describe the climate of Africa.

Why learn about the geography of africa
Why learn about the Geography of Africa?

The continent of Africa is not densely populated

  • the land and climate discourage human settlement.

    Adaption to the land:

  • Africa is the home to an immense variety of cultures

  • These cultures have different histories, religious beliefs, values, and traditions.

  • The varied lands and climates of Africa have contributed to these diversities.