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Neo-Daoism in Wei-Jin Era 魏晋玄学
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  1. Neo-Daoism in Wei-Jin Era魏晋玄学 温海明 Prof. WEN Haiming Associate Professor, School of Philosophy Renmin University of China 中国人民大学哲学院副教授Ph.D. University of Hawaii夏威夷大学哲学博士 Prof. Haiming Wen, School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China

  2. The Unification of Thought • First Emperor Qinshihuang’s Policies : • Writings of the “hundred schools” be preserved • One world, one government, one history, and one way of thought • Works in other subjects destroyed • Violence of the Ch’in dynasty made the reign have a speedy downfall, replaced by Han Dynasty • Emperor Wu becomes new leader, makes Confucius the official state teacher

  3. Position of Confucius in Han Thought • Wei shu comes into existence • Apocrypha • Teachings of Confucius • Realistic and rational Confucius followers did not agree with concept’s extreme ideas • did not liken Confucius as a god

  4. Controversy of Old and New Text Schools • Old Text School of Confucianists • New Text School- continuation of idealistic wing of Confucianism headed by Mencius • Old Text School- realistic wing of Hsun Tzu

  5. Daoism and Buddhism • Revival of Taoist philosophy • Feng: Neo Taoism • Daoist philosophy allied with Buddhist philosophy

  6. Political Background • Political Philosophy of Taoism- good government is one that doesn’t do anything • Social and Political philosophy of Confucianism- new take on aristocracy

  7. Neo-Daoism: the Rationalists • Revival of interest in School of Names • Reinterpretation of Confucius • Neo-Daoists considered Confucius • even greater than Laozi

  8. Institutions and Morals • The Dao is unnamable • Dao is in everything • Being comes from non-being • Universe in a constant state of flux • Institutions and morals good for one time may not be good for another time • Neither is superior nor inferior

  9. Knowledge and Imitation • You wei- having activity • Wu wei- having no activity • Must follow a natural course • Laozi and Zhuangzi opposed sages • Xiang Xiu and Guo Xiang believed imitation was wrong : It is useless, fruitless and harmful

  10. Absolute Freedom and Absolute Happiness • transcend distinctions between things • enjoy absolute freedom and have absolute happiness • Happiness is only relative • Enjoyment is finite

  11. Neo Daoism: the Sentimentalists • qing tan- pure or fine conversation • Part of feng liu tradition • feng-wind, liu-stream • Great stories

  12. Prof. Haiming Wen, School of Philosophy, Renmin University of China