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Active Ethernet

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  1. Active Ethernet

  2. ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Contents • Overview • Technical details • LEDs • Installation • Troubleshooting

  3. ORiNOCO Active Ethernet What is it? • Active Ethernet is the means for adding power to premise cabling that is also being used to carry Ethernet. • Active Ethernet is the solution to add power to the network. • Active Ethernet can be used to power, ORiNOCO Access Points on the network. • Implemented by: • Centrally located power injector devices (12 and 6 port versions available) • Power splitter devices • Power splitting circuitry available in end-points

  4. Central Power Management No requirement for local power Only 1 wire to each Access Point Easy installation of Access Points in difficult locations e.g. warehouse ceilings. Enhanced Availability Single source for all power One UPS easily attached for back-up of all connected Access Points Central protection from power surges or spikes No reliance on desktop power sources Intelligent Device Detection Only cables that terminate with Power-Over-LAN powered devices will be powered. No damage to existing products or machines on the network Continuous Overload protection Investment protection 10/100BaseT support No changes to installed hubs or switches Works with all brands of hubs, switches or routers No changes to Access Points ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Benefits

  5. Switch or Hub ORiNOCO 12-Port AE DC Injector Premise Cabling Servers Wiring Closet Patch Panel Access Point PCM Card AP-1000 / AP-2000 / AS-2000 / ROR - 1000 / COR 1100 ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Configuration overview

  6. ORiNOCO Active EthernetProduct Overview • Products: • 12 port injector • 6 port injector • single port injector • splitter for AP-1000, AP-2000, WP-II, ORs and AS-2000 (AP500 is AE-ready)

  7. ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Products: 6-Port DC Injector • To be located in wiring closet near patch panel • 6 Ports of 48 VDC, 11Watts power • Used for Orinoco APs in small scale installations. • Size: 13.5” x 8.5” x 1.75”,(DWH) (1U) • Front panel • 6 Data-In Ports for un-powered Ethernet cables • 6 Data + Power Ports (Active Ethernet) • 6 Port status LEDs • Main Power LED • Rear panel • AC Power in (100-120V 60 Hz or 200-240V 50Hz) • Cooling fans • RS232 connector for configuration purposes

  8. ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Products: 12-Port DC Injector • To be located in wiring closet near patch panel (rack-mounting possible) • Provides 12 Ports of 48 VDC, 11Watts power • Used for Orinoco Access Points in larger scale installations. • Size: 11.85” x 17.3” x 2.6”, (DWH) (1.5U) • Front panel • 12 Data in Ports • 12 Data + Power Ports • 12 * 2 Port status LEDs (green and Orange) • Main Power LED • Alarm LED • Back panel • AC Power In (100-120V 60 Hz or 200-240V 50Hz) • RS232 connector for configuration purposes

  9. The POET Power/ Network Splitter Orinoco AE DC Injector AP-1000 Access Point Same Connector! ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Products: Power Splitter (POET) • The POET is an active Power Splitter • Provides 5V DC power on a separate cable. • Provides the network data on a separate cable. • Power is then fed to the ORiNOCO Access Point • To be used with AP-1000, AP-2000, AS-2000 and OR systems • Fits a same position on mounting bracket where regular power supply is located • Size - 3” x 4.75” x 1.25” (DWH) POET = Power Over Ethernet Thingy

  10. Outside contact Negative - - POET Inside contact Positive ++ 8 7 DC Plug 6 5 4 DC-DC Converter 3 2 1 Loop Resistance (dual loop) 20 W RJ45 Female 11 Watt 48Vdc 300mA DC/DC 8 42V 7 16 Watt 6 5 4 3 85% Efficiency 2 1 RJ45 Male ORiNOCO Active EthernetTechnical details - Splitter block diagram • Assuming: • 48Vdc feeding • 300mA continuous, 500mA peak current • 85% DC/DC efficiency • Maximum 20W loop resistance • Delivering 48VDC Power over CAT 5 Spare Pairs (pins 4+5 & 7+8)

  11. Port load condition LED Port voltage Non-active load, or unplugged port off • Power is disconnected • No DC voltage present over the wires Active load is connected and complies to normal load condition (Pmin<Pload<Pmax) green • Continuous 48 Vdc available over the spare wires Overload condition or shorted terminal connected to the port (Pload>Pmax) orange • Power is disconnected • No DC voltage present over the wires External voltage is connected (inserted) into the port orange • Power is disconnected • No DC voltage present over the wires ORiNOCO Active EthernetFront panel LED meaning - per port LEDs

  12. Main power condition LED Remarks Main internal power supply unit is unplugged or power supply fault off • Measured voltage is under 12 Volt DC Main power supply unit is plugged and under normal operating conditions green • Unit verifies that the main AC-DC power supply unit is in spec. (44-52 VDC) Main power supply unit is out of specification orange • When “out-of-spec voltage is sensed (<44 VDC or >52 VDC) • All ports are immediately disconnected Built-in-Self-Test (BIST) failed during power start-up orange • BIST verifies a correct FPGA download, internal RAM checksum, main DC power feeding ORiNOCO Active EthernetFront panel LED meaning - Main power LEDs

  13. Indication Duration Unit operation All LEDs off 2 sec CPU checksum Main LEDs orange 2 sec Download FPGAs All LEDs green 1 sec LED internal test All LEDs orange 1 sec LED internal test Continuous operation 1-5 sec Cycle refresh ORiNOCO Active EthernetFront panel LED meaning - Power on Sequence

  14. Hardware reset CPU initialization CPU op-code checksum Main voltages verification Download FPGAs and verification LED on/off test Test complete ORiNOCO Active EthernetBuilt-in self test sequence

  15. 19” ORiNOCO Active EthernetInstallation guidelines • The 12 Port unit can be installed in 19” rack (using the accessory kit metal brackets) or as stand alone device with 4 rubber stickers (included in the kit) • Two adjacent 6 Port units can be installed in 19” rack • Make sure that air flow is not restricted around the unit (min. about 1inch clearence) • The unit does not include an ON/OFF switch - plug the power cord into the unit and only then to your power outlet • The device will turn-on after 2-3 sec. - verify that fans are running • If possible - Verify a complete Power-On-Test cycle, using front panel LEDs. • The device rated current is 1.8A max. (6 port) make sure that your power outlet can ‘hold’ this current level (preferred suitable slow blow fuse)

  16. The device can be powered with full load (all channels connected). Ports will turn on, one by one, minimizing peak currents, spikes & noise. The device includes an internal fuse. Fuse is designed to NOT be replaced by the end-user, but only by authorized personnel. Patch cords from the switch/hub should be connected to the device INPUT connector (LOWER RJ45) Patch cords to Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) should be connected to the device OUTPUT connector (Upper RJ45) Connection between 2 ORiNOCO AE DC Injector output ports, is protected, and both units will not be damaged. Connecting the OUTPUT port into a non power ready device, will NOT damage the NIC nor the ORiNOCO AE DC Injector . Overload LED (Orange) means - Non Power Ready Equipment was detected, or Wires Short Condition. It is advised not to exceed the standard 100 meter channel length from the switch to the DTE (using UTP Cat5 data cable) - Though the ORiNOCO AE DC Injector was tested with 10/100Base-T data rate, using 0 to 140 meter with no errors, under full load conditions. Be aware that front panel LEDs update status rate (response time) can take up to 2-3 sec. It is NOT a failure or a S/W error. It is designed to filter out transients conditions. Remember - The ORiNOCO AE DC Injector is NOT an Ethernet Repeater (!) The installed cable length should be measured from the Switch/Hub to the DTE (including the ORiNOCO AE DC Injector connections) ORiNOCO Active EthernetInstallation guidelines (cont’d)

  17. Unit is plugged to main AC inlet, but main AC LED is “off” ?! Verify the use of a correct & functional AC cable, including good & solid ground connection Verify that the AC inlet is “live” (using a different device) and that voltage is between 100Vac to 264Vac (50Hz to 60Hz) Re-connect the unit to the AC inlet and verify LEDs power up sequence Re-connect the unit to the AC inlet and verify that internal fans are operating (airflow should be out of the case) If both internal fans are working (can be heard or feel the airflow out of the case), a possible internal circuitry fault or internal voltage is out of spec. If fans are not working, a possible internal power supply Unit is plugged and running, but fans are not working ?! Verify that all fans openings in the case are clear of any air blocking materials Verify that the plastic case is not damaged Verify that there are no loose screws inside the power unit (in any case - do not open the unit ) Try to re-connect the power unit into the AC inlet Troubleshooting …

  18. Unit operates but one of the load devices does not work ?! Verify that you are using a standard UTP cat5 cable, including all 8 wires Verify that you are not using a cross-over twisted pair wire Verify that the load device is connected to the power unit OUTPUT port (higher RJ45 connector) Try to move the same load into a different port on the same unit – if it works, there is probably a faulty port or bad RJ45 port connection. If possible, try to connect the load device into a different power unit – if it works, there is probably faulty power unit. Try to power it up again and verify a correct power up LEDs’ sequence. Try to bypass the long twisted pair cable and bring the load close to the power unit and connect to one of the ports using a short cable – if it works, there is probably a faulty connection over the long cable, or one bad RJ45 connection Unit operates & the load device works, but there is no data link?! Verify that the green LED at the power unit front panel is “on” (continuously) Verify that you are using a standard UTP cat5 cable, including all 8 wires Verify that you are not using any cross-over twisted pair wires Verify that the power unit is connected to a switch / hub with a good RJ45 patch cord connection Verify that cable is category 5 or better, and is under 150m length between the switch to the load Try to connect a different device over the same port – if it works and link is established, there is probably a faulty data link in the load. Try to re-connect the load into a different output port and remember to move the input port to the switch / hub accordingly – if it works, there is probably a faulty output or input port in the power unit or a bad RJ45 connection. Troubleshooting …

  19. Unit operates but one of the load devices (Access Points) makes the “overload” LED light ?! Verify that you are not using any cross over cable between the power unit output port to the load device Verify that there is no short over any of the twisted pair cable or over the RJ45 connectors Move the device into a different output port – if it works, there is probably a faulty port or bad RJ45 connection Unplug the device and verify that the “overload” LED turns “off” – if not, there is probably faulty port or internal short in the RJ45 socket Wait for 5 sec to 10 sec while the orange LED is “on” – if it turns to green, there was a charged capacitor in the far end load, which was discharged after plugged in and only than, the device can be detected and activate Unit operates but one of ports is powering a load without turning the “Power Active” LEDs on ?! Move the load into a different output port – if the LED turns “on”, there is a fault in the prev. output port Is it safe to keep the unit running while “overload” LED on ? Yes – Overload LED does not mean that the unit provides high currents or get over heated etc. “overload” conditions means that non-power-ready device was detected or terminals 4/5 and 7/8 are shorted together, such as in legacy 10/100 NIC cards. During “overload” condition, port power is disconnected, and only a single pulse every 5 sec. Is there to sense the line. Troubleshooting …

  20. ORiNOCO Active Ethernet Summary • Overview • Technical details • LEDs • Installation • Troubleshooting

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