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Clouds. 3.5.7.C Describe the Basic Elements of Meteorology. UNDERSTANDING CLOUDS.

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3 5 7 c describe the basic elements of meteorology

Clouds

3.5.7.C Describe the Basic Elements of Meteorology

understanding clouds
UNDERSTANDING CLOUDS

Clouds are usually the most obvious feature of the sky. They reflect weather patterns and play a role in what the weather does. They are sources of precipitation as well as affect the temperatures of our atmosphere. Clouds block incoming sunlight during the day, which cools the air, but they can also block outgoing radiation from the Earth, which can warm temperatures.

what are clouds
WHAT ARE CLOUDS

Clouds are water, either small liquid water drops or tiny pieces of ice.

Meteorologists rank clouds according to their height and whether they are puffy or flat.

how are clouds formed
HOW ARE CLOUDS FORMED

Clouds form when the air rises and evaporation and transpiration occurs.

As temperatures and air pressure drop, water droplets clump together causing condensation or a cloud.

When the droplets are too heavy to float in the air they fall to the ground in the form of rain or snow called, precipitation.

cloud classification
CLOUD CLASSIFICATION
  • Cirrus-high level clouds that have bases below 7,000 feet
  • Cumulus- mid-level clouds that have bases between 7000-18,000 feet
  • Stratus-low level clouds that have bases below 6,500 feet
cirrus
CIRRUS
  • High altitude and wispy
  • Composed of ice crystals
  • Thin with hair-like strands
  • Some have a wavelike

appearance

  • Some have a sheet-like

appearance

  • Are usually thin allowing

moonlight and sun to

shine through

cumulus
CUMULUS
  • Contains ice crystals

or rain

  • Usually puffy
  • Noticeable vertical

development

  • Have popcorn appearance
  • Can be widely scattered

or clumped

  • Appears thick
stratus
STRATUS
  • Lowest of the low clouds
  • Appear as an overcast, but can be scattered
  • Can be in layers
your turn
Your Turn
  • Using your knowledge about the three basic types of clouds, create your own cloud.
  • You may use any materials you wish to make your cloud.
  • Create your cloud, attach your name and the type of cloud you created.
  • The project is worth 25 Points!
  • Have Fun!